Puppies of the German shepherd have a number of differences from all other breeds both in appearance and in character, intelligence. Starting a conversation about puppies of a German shepherd, it should be understood that we will talk about a unique creature, ideal for living next to a person. The German shepherd looks as similar as possible to a wild, forest wolf: the same strength, grace, fearlessness and ability to live in the most adverse conditions. But unlike the wolf, the psyche of the dog is built on the service of the owner. There is no more working breed than a German shepherd, to please the owner with her work is the purpose of her life. Hearing approval from the lips of a loved one for a shepherd is better than any treat. When choosing a pet, stopping his gaze on the German shepherd, a person should understand: there will be no more devoted creatures in his life, and you need to answer this with love and care.
German shepherd puppies have a number of differences from all other breeds both in appearance and in character, intelligence
Appearance of a German Shepherd puppy
In order not to make a mistake with the choice and not to accidentally take a large mongrel into the house, you need to know what German shepherd puppies look like. An animal of a weekly age is not much different from puppies of other large breeds. This continues for about the first 3 weeks, then generic differences begin to appear in appearance. German Shepherd puppies 3 weeks old already differ from other breeds with their own eyes. They at their age are already very expressive, intelligent, lively. The eyes of a mongrel are more convex and round, the eyes of a shepherd are almond-shaped, dark brown, but can be blue for up to 2 months. When the animal twists its head, looking at the surrounding objects, the pure protein of the eye is visible, which makes them look like human ones.
The head is proportional to the body, the forehead is pronounced, convex. The puppy's muzzle is not pointed, the nose is large and black. A true German shepherd has a small, barely noticeable hump on its nose.
The front teeth of the puppy have a scissor bite, the rest grow separately, fused teeth are considered a defect. The teeth in the animal begin to change after 3 months, are fully updated by 7 months.
The ears of the shepherd are large and soft. They start to stand after 6 months, and can rise and fall again several times. Sometimes it turns out that a week costs 1 ear, and the other lies, then the ears change: the lying ear rises, and the standing one lies. So another week goes by, then everything changes again. This is sometimes not considered a marriage, and goes to 6-8 months. The thoroughbred puppy has a short back and a wide chest. In dogs of other breeds, the chest is round, barrel-shaped.
The paws of a German shepherd puppy is his calling card: they are long and thick, much larger than that of a regular cur. There should not be a arrived (extra) finger. The tail is not twisted onto the back like a bagel, but hangs like a saber, slightly curved and rushes over the floor.
The coat is black-brown. But it is impossible to determine the future color and location of the tan marks by the hair of a small German shepherd: during the year he will repeatedly change it, and in the end will change the puppy coat to an adult coat only by the year of. The color can be very different, there are no specific requirements for it, the main thing is that there are no white spots in the color - this is considered a defect.
In order not to make a mistake with the choice and not to accidentally take a large mongrel into the house, you need to know how German shepherd puppies look
The coat is dense, stiff, with a rich undercoat. In winter, it becomes much thicker, allowing the dog to lie in the snow without the risk of hypothermia. In the summer, the shepherd molts, however, it remains beautiful and silky to the touch, just the undercoat becomes thinner.
See also: Briard - French shepherd with a good-natured disposition
The main difference between shepherd puppies and other breeds, especially mongrels, is a sharp mind. A puppy is able to remember the necessary command almost 1 time, it is very easy to train him to go to the toilet to a certain place, he is already a month old, he knows the commands “impossible” and “place”, he learns with pleasure.
Gallery: German Shepherd puppies (25 photos)
German Shepherd Training (video)
How to choose a puppy?
So, the future owner has decided what a German Shepherd puppy looks like, now you need to choose a friend. Yes, a German shepherd will not just be a dog guarding a house or yard, she will be just a friend with whom the owner will learn to talk and understand each other. When choosing a dog, you must remember: due to the fact that the life of a dog is relatively short, on average 15-18 years, for the owner it will be only a page in life, but for him it will become the whole life.
Choosing a dog or a bitch is a purely personal matter, but the age is quite certain. The owner must pick up a dog no later than the moment when she turns 3 months old. Getting older, the puppy begins to grow and develop more intellectually, and not every breeder can give the dog as much attention as she needs. At this moment in the puppy’s life his friend, a man, should appear.
So, the chosen puppy should not have white spots on the coat or too light tan. The skeleton should be strong, tail like a saber, confident movement. The puppy should be inquisitive, playful, this indicates his health. And the more curious the animal, the smarter it is.
Daily routine and feeding the puppy
A German shepherd puppy is easy to train. In order for him to grow up healthy and strong, he must walk and eat at the same time. Walking time is increasing every month. Ideally, a German shepherd should spend 3 to 5 hours a day on the street. During the day, you should choose the time for classes. The animal must work, even if it lives in an apartment and is an ordinary civilian dog. To work is to carry out commands.
Walking should begin only after vaccination, carried out according to all the rules: after 1 vaccination 10 days pass, then re-vaccination is done, and again 10 days of quarantine. All this time the puppy should be at home, because during this period he is most susceptible to disease.
Do not forget to give the dog antihelminthic drugs. Parasites from wool should be removed regularly using special means. In the future, it is best not to wait for their appearance, but to put the dog on with a permanent antiparasitic collar or treat the coat as a preventive measure with special means. Ears should also be cleaned regularly.
See also: Caution! Small and kind and dog! Pop 10 smallest dog breeds
Feed the shepherd puppy as follows (per day):
- up to 2 months - 6 times;
- up to 4 months - 4 times;
- up to 6 months - 3 times;
- after 6 months - 2 times.
It is important to monitor the calcium content in the animal’s food. A distinctive feature of German shepherd puppies is the rapid growth from 3 months to 6. At this time, he gains the height and weight of an almost adult dog. If a male should be 65 cm at the withers, then the puppy gains 55 cm in six months. Such rapid growth is impossible without proper nutrition and calcium supply to the body. Therefore, dogs at this age often have dysplasia - weak joints. And with a lot of weight, this causes the puppy severe pain, he stops walking. The disease is treated with enhanced body nourishment with the necessary substances.
The diet of the German shepherd includes head meat, offal, poultry. You can give fish, but only without bones and boiled. The dog willingly eats various cereals: rice, millet, oat or buckwheat. You can diversify the menu with crackers. Another distinctive feature of the German Shepherd Dog is its unpretentiousness in food. A dog can eat the same dish for years, and he won’t get tired of it. You just need to delight him sometimes with biscuits and fresh fruits.
In the modern world, especially in big cities, it is customary to feed a dog dry food. An experienced veterinarian will help you figure out the huge variety of products on offer. He will also tell you the scheme for feeding dry food.
In order for the puppy not to suffer from constipation and diarrhea, it is necessary to exclude pastries, legumes, pasta, smoked meat and fish from his diet. After eating, especially if he eats dry food, you must give him fresh water to drink.
Food should not be hot or too cold, it should be served in a special bowl in a constant place. From childhood, you need to teach a puppy to eat only in its place and only from the hands of the owner. We need to teach him not to raise food from the floor. Someday this science will save his life, because it is known that rat poison, disguised as fodder, can be scattered in the streets of the city.
If a puppy of a shepherd grows in a city apartment, a number of rules should be followed that protect him from injuries. There are almost no differences from other puppies or even young children:
- Wires should be hidden in special boxes or baseboards.
- Reinforce or remove unstable furniture.
- Do not let him play with small fragile toys: be sure to break it and swallow fragments.
- Everything that lies within its reach will be dragged away and turned into a toy, so things must be cleaned in cabinets and drawers.
- In order for the puppy not to sharpen its teeth on all surrounding objects, it must have its own simulators. They are sold in abundance in veterinary pharmacies - these are bones from bull veins, and trimming ropes, and cast heavy balls. You need to bring home 2-3 toys, and he will choose one of his beloved.
- A carpet or other similar covering should lie on a slippery floor: weak puppy paws are easily injured on a slippery floor.
- If there are children in the house, they need to be instructed on how to properly handle the dog. The main thing is not to let him pick him up: he’s even heavy at three months, up to 10 kg, and his legs are weak, they can be easily injured if accidentally dropped.
See also: Dog breed York Beaver
Speaking about the safety of the puppy, one should also know about vaccinations. Yes, German shepherds are practically wolves, but we should not forget that they were bred by humans, and they are susceptible to many diseases, most of which are fatal. In order for the dog to develop immunity from underlying diseases, vaccinations should be given regularly.
1 vaccination is done at the age of 2 months. Before vaccination, deworming is carried out - treatment for worms. 2 vaccination is carried out in 7-8 months, then in 1 year and then annually. Before each vaccination, worms are treated.
Dog breeders and veterinarians are still arguing about the need for rabies vaccination. The situation with this disease is not simple: in the city, for example, you can not find a rabid animal, but in the forest they probably are. So if the owner lives near the forest, then a rabies vaccine should still be done. Regarding the city dog, options are possible, since the rabies vaccine affects the dog’s growth rate, it can be done after a year when it is fully grown.
Features of the breed and care (video)
For full development, the puppy should walk more on the street. Of course, only after all vaccinations. When it is small, it can be removed 5-6 times a day for 15-20 minutes. He should get used to walking on need in the street, so you need to walk him immediately after sleep, after eating, before going to bed. As he gets older, the longer walks should be. Walking needs to be combined with games and training. After a year, the German shepherd can be sent for a special training - capture, training for the “fas” team. This is not necessary in order to turn him into a bodyguard, a shepherd dog and so will protect his master in a critical situation. This is necessary so that she gets used to discipline and unquestioning obedience. After all, a large dog, uncontrollable, is a very dangerous phenomenon.
Walking in the end should be at least 1 hour in the morning and 2 hours in the evening. In order for the dog to be socially active and not afraid of city noises, you should take it on short trips, guests, give the puppy the opportunity to run with peers.
Training a puppy starts from 1 month of his life: the sooner he starts to practice, the more flexible his brain will become and his intelligence will be deeper. The first command for the puppy is his name. Then he can be taught the commands: place, fu, sit, lie, voice, next. These and several more of the same commands facilitate the management of the puppy and are called the general training course (OKD). He can take a special training course at a dog training club or training school after a year.
Due to the perfect balance of power and intelligence, the German Shepherd has become an indispensable assistant and partner of a person in almost all areas of his activity. She can be a wonderful shepherd or guard. Millions of dogs of this breed serve in the army, police and other law enforcement agencies. They are sappers, and trackers, and customs officers.