Fighting dogs are not a separate breed. This is the name of some breeds created to help people, which people have chosen to participate in dog fights in the arena. Fighting dogs from birth do not become such - this is the result of developing anger, stamina and thirst for battle in animals from puppyhood (as soon as they are taken from the bitch). Some parenting techniques may seem cruel and totally unacceptable. At the same time, in civilized countries, the training of hunting dogs on animals is popular, tens of thousands of spectators gather corrida far from humanity. Therefore, without dwelling on moral issues, we will figure out which breeds of dogs are called fighting dogs and why.
Fighting dogs are not a separate breed. This is the name of some breeds created to help people, which people have chosen to participate in dog battles in the arena
American Pit Bull Terrier
The list of fighting dogs is led by the American pit bull terrier (translated - fighting bull terrier). His ancestors - a bulldog (bull dog) and a terrier, from them he inherited strength and instant reaction.
about the end of the 19th century, pit bulls served to persecute bulls and bears
The pit bull terrier (abbreviated pit bull) had other names:
- pit dog;
- bull terrier;
- Yankee Terrier.
Until the end of the 19th century, pit bulls served to persecute bulls and bears, and later - as fighting dogs. An adult pit bull reaches a height of 60 cm, weighs up to 30 kg, can have a different color, muscular and can withstand heavy loads. Indisputable qualities of a pit bull: mind, courage, dexterity and mobility. The pit bull has a sharp scent that allows you to use it to search for explosives or drugs. He is easily trained at any age.
The pit bull can consider all small animals to be its prey and preys on them, but it can be weaned and distracted from aggression towards other animals. However, if another animal starts a fight, the pit bull is unlikely to retreat, since it is inherent in the excitement of battle. Its pain threshold is very high.
It is believed that the pit bull has a stranglehold, that its jaws are blocked with a bite. At the University of Georgia, veterinarians have conducted studies to study American pit bull terriers in this regard. As a result, it was found that the functional morphology of the pit bull and representatives of other breeds are identical. The strength of the bite depends on the temperament and experience of the animal.
Usually a pit bull easily changes owners, especially if it falls into better conditions. Often, not a puppy is taken to the house, but an adult pit bull with an already formed character.
The owners adore their pit bulls, considering them affectionate and good-natured. But people are afraid, because these dogs are notorious because of the irresponsible owners, specially raising animals that are aggressive towards humans. Today, pit bulls are banned in the countries of the European Union and Australia, although 100 years ago they were fashionable and popular pets. If you carefully approach the upbringing of the pit bull, he will be aggressive to people no more than a representative of any other breed.
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The four-legged sumo wrestler
The Japanese Tosa Inu fighting dog is heavy, fearless, and does not feel much pain. It has a height at the withers of up to 60 cm, weighs 40-80 kg. They appeared at the end of the 19th century as a result of crossing a local dog used for hunting wild boars with European ones. Selective selection was carried out for many years in order to obtain a dog with the best fighting qualities. Tosa inu, having the strength and weight of a mastiff, is very agile and hardy. This is an animal with a very strong and independent character, constantly striving to prove its supremacy, therefore a dog is recommended only to those who have communication skills with fighting dogs.
An improperly bred puppy will grow up to be an aggressive dog with unpredictable behavior. Tosa inu banned in Norway, Denmark.
Usually a pit bull easily changes owners, especially if it falls into better conditions
In Japan, dogs of the Tosa Inu breed are permanent participants in popular fights that take place in special rooms where animals are also bred and trained. Dog fighting in Japan is a civilized sight with its own rules and regulations. The main thing is that bloodshed and mutilation is not allowed here: a barking, biting, injuring an opponent to blood, will be disqualified forever. Only males participate in battles. The winner is the one who knocks the enemy off his feet and crushes him with his mass. Tosa Inu fights silently, not growling. In spirit, courage and endurance in the Tosa Inu ring, they are compared to sumo wrestlers and also confer champion titles on them.
Tosa inu fighting dogs are loyal to the owner, very smart. They are used for protection, in search and rescue operations and in medical cynology.
The complex character of the bull terrier requires a soft, patient and consistent attitude.
Bull Terrier: a dog named Death
There are not as many conflicting opinions about any other dog as about a bull terrier. Some call the good-natured dog, others consider the killer tearing apart children. Another name for the bull terrier is “a dog with a rat face”. They bred him in the middle of the XIX century, crossing the Dolmatian Great Dane and the White Terrier, in order to obtain a rat-catcher. The dog turned out to be strong and hardy, of medium size (height at the withers up to 55 cm) with a special (egg-shaped) head shape. A rat caught in the field of view of the bull terrier has no chance of life.
The complex character of the bull terrier requires a soft, patient and consistent attitude. It cannot be subordinated by force; attempts to force the bull terrier to do something against his will can be dangerous both for the owner and for those around him.
You need to walk with him in the morning and in the evening, loading him physically, giving energy output.
See also: A Brief Overview of Japanese Dog Breeds
At the end of the 19th century in England, bull terriers were companions of wealthy city dwellers, popular with professors at Oxford University. At the end of the 20th century, they began to be actively used as fighting dogs. In the 90s of the last century, when it was very prestigious to get an unusual dog, many started bull terriers as decorative and did not educate them, which led to manifestations of aggression in animals. In addition, breeders, wanting to get as many puppies of a popular breed as possible, allowed animals to mate each estrus, starting from the first, often using hormonal stimulants. As a result, dogs with a defective psyche grew out of inferior puppies.
The media fanned hysteria around the very fact of the existence of bull terriers, often stories were told about them, they called a dog named “Death”, a killer. A stable opinion has developed in society: the bull terrier is extremely dangerous. The animals were euthanized. And it was necessary to begin with the upbringing of the owners, since problems in the behavior of the dog are associated with the behavior of the owner.
Top 10 fighting dog breeds (video)
List of fighting dog breeds and their characteristics
When starting a dog, keep in mind that a fighting dog will strive to become a leader, to dominate. If a person does not make it clear that the main thing here is he, the animal will necessarily bite one of the family members by the right of the strongest in the pack. Not every person is able to curb a strong-willed and incredibly strong dog.
There are about 30 fighting dog breeds in the world, the list of the most dangerous of them and forbidden in different countries is not so big. It includes such:
- Preso Canario. Height to 63 cm, powerful, seems squat due to the elongated body, but very dexterous. It was used as a shepherd dog for hunting big game, slaughtering cattle and fighting. Banned in Australia and New Zealand in 2001 after 2 dogs of this breed bit a 33-year-old man in the lobby of the building.
- Great Dane of Argentina - a symbol of Argentina. Brave and domineering, rising to 68 cm, similar to a pit bull. The breed was bred for hunting a mountain lion. After a long pursuit of the beast, the dog could fight with him. Recognized as one of the best in the world for guard duty. It has only white color. Dogo owners consider him a great friend, but he is banned in 10 countries.
- Czechoslovakian wolfdog (wolf dog). It was bred in 1958 in Czechoslovakia as a result of crossing a Carpathian wolf and a German shepherd. A smart and hardy dog, it is able to run at a speed of 10-13 km / h for 8 hours without rest. It does not bark, prefers to howl, has a wolf color. His height at the withers is up to 75 cm. Used in search and rescue operations, guard duty. Its nature is unpredictable: it can attack a person, especially children, considering them easy prey. Banned in Norway.
- American bandog (chain dog) - a dog with slanting eyes, growth at the withers - up to 73 cm. The bandog was received for fighting. Once seen, you can not confuse him with any other dog. Muscularist, but during the fighting showed rapid fatigue. During a walk, he may have a desire to protect strangers around him - then it will be difficult to keep him. The bandog is banned wherever his parents are banned: the Staffordshire Terrier and the Neapolitan mastiff.
- The owners of Caucasian Shepherd Dogs, Alabaevs, Rottweilers are surprised to learn that seemingly formidable dogs, their affectionate smart and obedient pets, are banned in a particular country because of aggressive and inappropriate behavior.
At the end of the 19th century, in England, bull terriers were companions of wealthy city dwellers who were popular with professors at Oxford University.
Experienced dog handlers are confident that with a person’s cruel attitude, any kind of dog can become aggressive, even the smallest.
In some European countries, a large-breed dog and its owner must undergo special training and receive a certificate.
Read also: Faithful and fearless wolf dog
A draft law has been submitted to the State Duma of the Russian Federation on introducing punishment to the organizers of dog fights, due to which the blood of animals was spilled. In addition, the project provides for punishment for cruelty to animals in children, sadism and deprivation of food for dogs.
Of the many types of dogs, a man chose a little over 20, calling them fighting for their courage, belligerent spirit, courage, willingness to fight. Dog fights can be bloodless sports. An alternative to fighting is sports, frisbee. Waitingpool is becoming increasingly popular - a competition for dogs to drag weights.
Fighting breeds of dogs with pleasure pull the load, while developing their main muscles. Equipment for wave pulling - harness, cable and cargo. The harness must be adapted to the size of the dog, comfortable and soft. Note that the dog must not overwork.
Games should be her joy. To keep her interest in the classes, they are interrupted when the activity and excitement of the dog reaches its highest point.
Aggressive behavior of the dog can be provoked by passers-by, but the owner will be responsible for this
In humans, a strange dog, especially a large dog, causes a sense of danger. Aggressive behavior of the dog can be provoked by passers-by, but the owner will be responsible for this. Therefore, it is necessary to accustom the animal to a leash and a muzzle, to observe the rules of walking both in the city and in the countryside. Fighting breeds of dogs can walk people over 18 years old.