The dog received the unusual name papillon due to its ears, similar to butterfly wings. Continental toy spaniel, or papillon (papillon) - a decorative breed of dogs that was bred in France. The literal translation from the French papillon is a butterfly. According to the official version, these miniature cute dogs were originally descended from dwarf spaniels living in Italy and Spain. It is also known that the “butterfly” dog was very popular in France, and many monarchs kept them in their apartments. The French ruler Henry III kept a decorative dog of this breed in elegant conditions and spent large amounts taken from the state treasury on its maintenance.
The dog received the unusual name papillon due to its ears, similar to butterfly wings.
The papillon dog breed has a harmonious physique, well-developed muscles and strong joints. Growth is approximately 28 cm, both in males and females. The weight of the mini-papillons is about 2 kg, and the standard ones are 5 kg.
The head of the papillons is proportional to the body, the muzzle is pretty, shorter than the frontal part. The forehead is slightly convex, and the transition to the back of the nose is not sharp and almost invisible. The lips are thin and fit snugly on the jaw, completely hide the teeth and tongue. The nose is small, the look is expressive. The eyes are almond-shaped, the color is saturated brown.
The hair of papillons is shiny and slightly wavy. The undercoat of the dogs is absent. The color of dogs of this breed is distinguished by the presence of marks. They can be any colors. Most often, there is a three-color color, including white, black and reddish color.
Dog papillon (video)
Papillon dogs are very loyal to the owner and are quite dependent on him. They are ready to literally follow their master on the heels, and the loneliness of the dog is very painful. Papillons have irrepressible energy and are always ready for long walks and fun games in the fresh air. Being in a city apartment for a long time, papillons can experience stress, and therefore it is necessary to play with them so that they can splash out the accumulated energy.
Continental toy spaniel, or papillon (papillon) - a decorative breed of dogs that was bred in France
Papillons are almost always in a great mood and very friendly to others. They like to draw increased attention to their person and enjoy performing funny tricks that are easy enough to train. Papillons are very loving and kind-hearted and are always ready to support or cheer their master in a difficult moment for him. They easily catch the mood of others and are very fond of children. They treat and get along well with other pets living with them in the same house.
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The character of the dogs of this breed is very friendly and optimistic, but, like any other animal, the dog sometimes likes to be alone. Being in a bad mood, the dog can quietly retire to another room, making it clear that he wants to relax in proud loneliness.
Papillons have an extraordinary mind, excellent memory and learning. Dogs of this breed learn some tricks on their own, without the participation of the owner. Papillons are ideal for keeping in a city apartment and are recommended as the first pet for school children and owners who can not devote a lot of time to dog training and training.
Papillons are almost always in excellent spirits and very friendly to others
Some owners claim that pretty papillons are far from being as innocent as they might seem at first glance. They are considered aggressive and uncontrollable dogs, but such behavior is only the result of incorrect or untimely upbringing. Dogs of this breed can instantly switch from a fun game to an unreasonable rage, so a papillon puppy cannot be locked in four walls. After vaccination, the baby must be taken for walks and introduced to other pets and people. During games, many dogs like to bite a person slightly, but do not hurt him. Comic nibbling papillons must be stopped immediately. Do not assume that the papillon, being a very tiny dog, can not do serious harm. Appearance in this case is very deceiving, and papillons can pounce on a stranger for no apparent reason and bite strongly.
Gallery: papillon dog (25 photos)
Features of care and maintenance of the papillon
Papillons are easy to maintain both in the apartment and in the country house. The dog needs to equip a bed, otherwise he will claim the owner’s bed and sleep exclusively with him. Papillons are also not demanding in care. Dogs of this breed are very clean and never allow themselves to fall out in the mud while walking.
You can train the papillon to cope with a special diaper so as not to walk the dog every morning. But you can’t completely deprive a dog of walks. Papillons well tolerate flights and relocations to a new place, the main thing is that the owner travels with him. Dogs also adapt quickly enough to new housing conditions.
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Beautiful shiny papillon hair is their distinctive feature, and by its condition, you can determine the possible presence of diseases in the pet. If the coat begins to split and loses its natural luster, then the dog may have serious health problems.
Continental toy spaniels shed for about 2 weeks, in autumn and spring. With heavy hair loss in winter or summer, it is necessary to feed the dog with vitamin complexes and it is advisable to take him to the veterinarian. He will advise on the intake of vitamins, since the complexes for puppies and adult papillons are significantly different. An excess of vitamins of a dog of this breed is even more dangerous than their lack.
For adult papillons who do not participate in various exhibitions, it is recommended to periodically shorten the hair, in the area between the fingers, under the tail and in the ears or to completely cut it, especially in the hot season. Make the dog an unusual or standard haircut make-up artist in a special dog hairdresser. Some owners prefer to shorten the hair on the body of the papillon, which makes the dog look like a miniature lion.
A dog of this breed is not advisable to bathe often, since the papillon undercoat is absent, and frequent contact with water can dry out the unprotected skin of the pet.
You need to comb doggies regularly, every 2-3 days. Unraveling the hair of a papillon is much easier with the help of specialized sprays containing water and silicone. Ears and eyes should be periodically examined and cleaned if necessary. It should be remembered that it is not possible to clean the papillon’s ears with cotton buds, and for this procedure, use a cotton swab dipped in oil. If plaque is observed in the ear, then this symptom indicates the presence of an infection or metabolic disorder in the continental toy spaniel.
The eyes of the pet are treated in a similar way, and when tearing, redness, or the absence of a characteristic luster in the eyes of the papillon is necessary to show the veterinarian.
Teeth should be inspected and cleaned if necessary. It is better to remove the appearance of plaque in a timely manner, since dogs of this breed are extremely sensitive to anesthesia, and removal of tartar is possible only with mild anesthesia. It is most convenient to brush teeth with papillon using children's nozzles made of silicone, which must be worn on the finger.
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As the claw grows, the papillon needs to be trimmed with a clipper. If you walk the dog on asphalt paths often enough, then there is no need to trim the claws, because they erase themselves.
The impeccable appearance and general condition of the pet directly depend on a proper balanced diet. A continental toy spaniel puppy needs to be fed with products containing a large amount of calcium, since during active games the baby's joints are susceptible to possible injury. As a rule, papillons are not prone to the appearance of allergic reactions, so they can be fed with both natural food and canned and dry food. Since miniature doggies are very energetic, they need to be fed frequently, but in no case should they be fed between main meals. Dogs of this breed are prone to a quick set of extra pounds, which are very negatively affect their health.
If the choice falls on feeding the papillon with dry or wet food, then it is better to buy proven quality brands and, if possible, consult with experienced breeders or a veterinarian about nutrition.
Papillon - butterfly dog (video)
The average lifespan of miniature dogs is 15 years. Because of their small size, dogs are prone to the appearance of viral diseases, so they need to be vaccinated every year.
Continental toy spaniels also suffer from ophthalmic diseases such as retinal atrophy, cataracts, and eyelid entropy. Atrophy can occur due to a hereditary predisposition to the disease or when the retina is injured. In some dogs, it occurs with age, and papillons cease to see in the dark, and sometimes completely blind.
Cataracts are accompanied by trauma to the lens of the eye, and if the disease begins to progress, then the dog may develop glaucoma and, as a result, complete loss of vision. With entropy, the papillon has a constant irritation of the eyelid mucosa. In this case, the dog is shown a simple operation during which the shape of the eyelid will be corrected.
Continental toy spaniels are also prone to hereditary disorders in the form of congenital dislocations of the patella and deafness. Dislocation occurs due to weak ligaments. Dogs suffering from this condition are prone to frequent sprains and tears, even under standard loads. Deafness can be not only hereditary, but also acquired, due to the ingress of fluid into the ears, when the auricle is injured, or due to the elderly dog.
Papillons also suffer from hypoglycemia (a lack or decrease in blood sugar).
If you need a good guard, and the papillon may be so, then when choosing, pay attention to the puppy’s temperament. He should not respond to your provocations, but be restrained. It is from such a puppy that it will be possible to grow up a brave dog that will become your defense.