The eyes are a rather delicate organ, both in humans and animals. Dogs often have lacrimation , and even suppuration in the eyes. Naturally, this phenomenon causes a panic among the owners. But you should not panic, because it is important to understand what is the reason for the formation of pus and to give your pet an ambulance at home. In such a situation, it is recommended to consult a specialist, since purulent eyes can be a symptom of a serious disease. What to do if a dog's eyes are festering?
Allergy is an unpleasant disease caused by a wide variety of pathogens - from parasites (fleas, dust mites, etc.), to microscopic particles of household chemicals. One of the signs of an allergic reaction is the appearance of lacrimal and purulent discharge from the eyes. Often this symptom accompanies food allergies.
The ailment begins with profuse lacrimation, which occurs constantly, moist yeast forms on the dog’s face. Damp and warmth is an ideal place for bacteria to grow. Initially, the immune system fights their growth, but when it is weakened and cannot suppress them, purulent discharge appears. Often, an allergic reaction is accompanied by other signs - swelling of the nose, lips, paw pads, pet is itchy, it often sneezes for a long time. Among the severe symptoms, pulmonary edema, bronchospasm can be noted.
Allergy is an insidious disease and can lead to suffocation, especially if the dog continues to come into contact with an allergenic substance. In this case, it is important to contact the veterinary service for help in a timely manner.
Suppuration of the eyes caused by bacteria or fungi
Infectious diseases of this nature can affect locally, or the whole body. There are no single symptoms; each pathogen has a different effect on the animal.
If the pet has pus in his eyes, he has lost interest in food, the temperature has risen, the animal is lethargic, lies more - it means that we are still talking about a bacterial infection. The most severe sign of the disease can be sepsis, which can be fatal. This occurs when pathogenic bacteria enter the circulatory system.
Fungal pathogens in general can doze for several years in the body and suddenly manifest in the form of severe symptoms.
Such conditions require emergency treatment. Through laboratory tests, the type of bacterium or fungus is detected, appropriate antibiotics or antifungal drugs are prescribed. If you treat yourself without the help of a veterinarian, trying various medications, then the treatment can last more than one year and thoroughly undermine the health of the four-legged friend.
The virus is the cause of pus in the eyes
If suppuration of the eyes is of viral origin, then any delay can lead to death. While the master in the mind goes through the possible causes, the virus can weaken the body of even a young, hardy animal in a few hours. Puppies often die during this period.
Viral infections (carnivore plague, adenovirus, infectious hepatitis, etc.) are accompanied by a wide variety of symptoms. Each type of virus has its own characteristics. But, in any case, the condition of the animal deteriorates sharply: the dog refuses food, there is a sharp increase in temperature. From the respiratory system, wheezing, panting, dry cough , frequent sneezing may appear. Often, viral intoxication leads to gastrointestinal upset - loose stools , vomiting .
There are a number of viruses that lead to illnesses in a latent form. In this case, the disease can give out a cough after exercise, weakness, purulent discharge from the eyes, course of discharge from the nose. Veterinarians warn that self-treatment for viral ailments is useless. Time does not wait, therefore it is necessary to show the pet to the doctor as soon as possible.
Pus due to injury
Dogs are very active creatures, so often because of this, the organs of vision suffer. The eyelid tissue or the cornea can be damaged by a twig, a dry blade of grass, when playing with its relatives, meeting a cat, etc. Naturally, the owner cannot predict such situations.
If the damage occurred in front of the owner, then he can seek the advice of a pharmacist in a veterinary pharmacy and purchase drugs that can quickly heal the damage. These funds include: Lacrimin aseptic, Bars drops, Desacid, Iris drops, Misophen ointment, etc. A similar option is suitable if the damage is minor.
In most cases, after the injury, the pet is suppuration of one damaged eye. The second eye remains clean, without secretions. If the animal hit its head, then lacrimation and the course of pus can occur from both eyes. If there is the slightest suspicion of injury, it is recommended to consult a veterinarian, as the pet may have serious hidden injuries.
Tearing and pus with corneal irritation
The cause of the reddened cornea and the appearance of pus may be that the sensitive skin of the eyes came into contact with caustic volatile substances. Dogs that are sensitive to household chemicals can “cry” from the vapor of chlorine-based products, powder suspensions, etc. If contact with substances is rare, then everything is limited to lacrimation, only with the regular contact of substances on the cornea, pus formation occurs.
Often the cause of conjunctivitis is the animal’s own hair - a fringe, a beard that constantly penetrates the eyes. It can also provoke the ingress of particles of dust, sand, smoke.
Parasitic insects - the cause of pus in the eyes
Dogs are affected by a variety of parasites - helminths, fleas, ticks, which can cause the formation of pus in the eyes. Often, they provoke the occurrence of an allergic reaction when it enters the visual organs, as well as when combing the auricles, the dog may inadvertently hurt his eyes. In this situation, the most important measure is to rid the dog of parasites.
The formation of pus in chronic ailments
Chronic pathologies are the most common and frequently encountered factors that can cause suppuration in the eyes. This can be a blockage of the lacrimal duct, congenital or traumatic inversion of the eyelid, diseases of internal systems and organs.
Often, a pet needs complex diagnostics to identify the causes. This is very important when it comes to an elderly animal - during the period of aging, immunity weakens, and “age-related” ailments develop. An exacerbation of chronic diseases occurs. Most often, the genitourinary system, gastrointestinal tract, and kidneys suffer.
What can you do yourself
If the dog has very bad eyes, they can be treated as follows:
- Gently flush eyes with herbal decoction. Suitable chamomile, St. John's wort, calendula. For the same purpose, a solution of furacilin is used.
- Rinse with a cotton pad or swab moistened with plenty of liquid. It is necessary to begin to carry out a disk from the inner corner of the eye.
- The rule must be observed - treat each eye with a separate swab.
- After thorough processing, excess moisture should be blotted dry.
- It is recommended to have 1% tetracycline ointment in the medicine cabinet. It is applied to the inside of the eyelids. To apply, you need to pull the lower eyelid of the pet, place the ointment. Then close the eyelids and massage gently.
- To show the effect, you need to prevent eye rubbing with your paws. To do this, you can pet your pet, pet, distract.
Read more: symptoms and treatment of ulcers in dogs .
Video on the first signs of eye disease
To prevent the formation of pus in the eyes, experts recommend the following:
Prevention should be based on the characteristics of the breed, age, health. Pets with many folds need their processing in the eye area too. If the dog has long hair on its face, then it must be cut so that it does not affect vision.
If conjunctivitis or pus affects one puppy, all pets will have to process and bury their eyes, as the disease can be transmitted.
Veterinarians are advised to have special preventative agents for eye treatment in the pharmacy, as well as painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Dogs with bulging eyes (Pekingese, Japanese khins, pugs) require daily eye treatment using means such as “artificial tears”.
If you follow the rules of hygiene (inspection, processing, hygienic haircut), then the risks of suppuration of the eyes will be significantly reduced. But at the first signs of eye diseases, it is still recommended to seek help from a doctor. I hope we answered the question: "Why does the dog's eyes fester?"