Spanish Lynx, one of the rarest representatives of the fauna of our planet. In the wild, very few of these stunningly beautiful animals remain. Of course, enormous efforts are now being made to preserve and increase the population of the Spanish lynx, but according to various estimates, only about 150 remain in the wild of adult individuals.
Spanish Iberian Lynx
Iberian lynx is quite small in size. At the withers, the lynx grows to 70 centimeters, and the length of the body (excluding the tail) is about a meter. Since the lynx is small, it preys only on small prey. The tail is about 12 centimeters long and has a tip that is painted black.
The Spanish lynx has an amazing and completely different color from its closest relative - the European lynx. On the sandy beige color, dark brown or black spots are clearly visible. The color of the Pyrenean lynx is very similar to the color of the cheetah, leopard. The fur is quite short and coarse. The female is slightly smaller than the male. But both sexes are endowed with wonderful, dense whiskers of a dark color. And also, as expected, the lynx has long dark tassels on the tips of the ears.
Today, it’s very difficult to meet the Pyrenean lynx in the wild. The main habitat is the mountainous regions of Spain. Also, an insignificant number of individuals survived in the Coto De Doñana National Park.
But only 120 years ago, the habitat of the Spanish lynx was the entire Iberian Peninsula and the south of France.
Due to its small size, the Spanish lynx feeds on small representatives of mammals. The main ration for the lynx is the European rabbit. Besides the rabbit , the lynx also preys on the Iberian rabbit.
Another item on the lynx menu is a bird. These are red partridges, ducks and geese . Small rodents can also be a dinner for the Pyrenean lynx.
Occasionally, lynx attacks larger prey — young deer, mouflon and fallow deer.
Since the Spanish lynx is a predator and at the top of the food chain, it does not have carnivorous natural enemies in the wild.
The main threat to the Pyrenean lynx is a person. This is the hunt for these stunningly beautiful animals, for the sake of fur and the destruction of the natural and familiar habitat.
You can also highlight another enemy, though hidden - a tendency to disease. Since the lynx population is sparse, closely related crosses entail a decrease in resistance to diseases and degeneration of the genus.
- The Spanish Lynx has several more names: Iberian Lynx; Pyrenean lynx; Sardinian lynx.
- The Spanish lynx lives alone and with a clearly delineated territory. The territory of the male affects the territory of several females.
- Spanish lynx is classified as an endangered species (EN status) and is protected.
- Spanish lynx kittens at a young age (about two months) are very aggressive towards each other. Roar, bite and scratch. Their skirmishes are not like "fraternal" games, and often such a fight can end in the death of a weaker trotter.
- The mother transfers her lynxes to a new den of a larger size about once every 20 days.
Spanish Lynx - video