The Moscow dragon is not a fully formed breed, but rather, by the definition of M. N. Sotskaya, a “breed group”. These dogs were recently bred, and breed standards are still changing, supplemented. But the fact that the Moscow dragon is a very interesting dog with an original and unique appearance is already visible today. A tiny dog, reminiscent of an ancient Chinese dragon, is gradually gaining the love of Russians and fame outside the homeland.
The history of the Moscow Dragon breed is only 29 years old. At the end of the 80s of the last century, the zoo engineer Zoya Kostyna picked up a puppy on the street, from whom she grew a nice dog with a peculiar structure and arrangement of the main hair of the coat. A pooled female Kari (nickname was given because of the brown coat) was mated to a male with the same coat structure. Mikron was also found on the street.
As a result of mating, 4 puppies were obtained with a parental appearance and a variety of colors. The specialist was interested in these native dogs, and she decided to fix the phenotype and create a separate breed.
For breeding were used dogs with characteristic features, which, as it turned out, were widespread in Moscow and the Moscow region. To fix the phenotype, not only crossbreeding was used, but also inbreeding (closely related crossbreeding) was used. The female Yana obtained as a result of inbreeding had a slightly different structure of the coat. But upon closer inspection, it turned out that the "fluffy" betrayed not a shirt, but a long undercoat.
After 10 years from the start of breeding, a sufficient number of dogs with a fixed phenotype was obtained to formulate and adopt a breed standard. The Moscow dragon was assigned to the V breed class according to the classification of the Russian Cynological Federation in section 6 - primitive breeds. Moscow dragon is not recognized by FCI.
Description of the breed Moscow Dragon
The Moscow dragon is a small, well-proportioned dog. The height of the dragon at the withers does not exceed 20-30 cm, and the weight is 2-4 kg. Since the breed is still in its infancy, many external data according to the standard have a wide scope:
- The skull is rounded with a slightly pronounced occipital protuberance. The face of the dog is slightly smaller than the skull. The transition line from the forehead to the nose has a pronounced bend. The "front" part is filled, has no noticeable depressions. Zygomatic bones contoured, convex. The chin protrusion is clearly visible.
- The dog’s lips are medium in size, not moist, fit tightly to the teeth, are closed all the way, in black.
- The teeth are medium sized, white, full dentition. Scissor bite, lower incisors extend beyond the upper row by no more than 0.5 cm.
- The tip of the nose has open nostrils expressed. The color of the mirror depends on the color.
- Eyes of medium size, oval, widely spaced. The color of the iris depends on the main color and varies from dark to light brown. The eyelids are tight-fitting, pigmented in black.
- The ears are thin, long with a narrow base. High set, erect or semi-permanent. Standing ears are preferred.
- The neck is elegant, without suspension, set high, the withers are almost invisible.
- The back is straight, with well-developed muscles. In the lumbar spine, the back is somewhat convex.
- The chest is oval, clearly defined, in the lower part does not reach the elbow joints a little. The sternum is well defined, false ribs are noticeable.
- The body is compact, dry with well-developed, but not prominent muscles. The abdomen is taut, but does not have a blast. The length of the body is greater than the height.
- The tail is high set. The shape varies from coiled to saber. The dog holds him above his back or throws him on his back.
- The limbs are dry, straight. The rear is wider than the front. They have distinct articulation angles. The corners of the elbow joints are directed back. The metacarpus is almost sheer.
- The paw is rounded, with tightly closed fingers, arched.
Coat and colors
The coat is quite stiff, straight or with a break. The dog rests snugly against the surface of the body. The length is different in different parts of the body - on the sides and abdomen is shorter, on the back and head - longer. Long spines of the shirt form a kind of crest along the spine, and around the neck it forms a sleeve. Longer hair and on the tail of the dragon.
On the head, the restroom hair forms a rare beard, mustache and crest. The undercoat may be short. Then rarely located hard dogs give the dog a “tousled” look. In a species with a long undercoat, the general appearance of the shirt and decorating hair is preserved, but a thick long undercoat gives “fluffiness”.
A disqualifying sign is the lack of restroom hair, bald spots on the head, too thick and long beard, mustache and crest. Long thick coat on the limbs is not allowed.
The colors, which in turn is characteristic of primitive breeds, vary widely, but preference is given to continuous:
Moscow dragons of black-tan, black-and-white, wolf color are described. A change in the standard is expected soon. It is anticipated that a spotted color permit will be introduced.
The Moscow dragon is a great companion, due to the complaisant, peaceful character of the dog. The little dragons are good friends with all the inhabitants of the apartment. Dragons can show distrust and wariness to dogs, but breeders of this breed testify that their pets get along well with representatives of large breeds and with decorative dogs.
They have no hunting instinct, so they get along with various pets - cats, rodents, birds and reptiles.
Little dragons have an outgoing, cheerful character. Unlike many representatives of ornamental breeds, they are not hysterical, do not bark for no reason, which indicates a stable nervous system.
The little dragons have a bright, distinctive character. They treat the owners with love and devotion, but at the same time they do not bother, they do not require increased attention or care. These little dogs are distinguished by courage, independence, quick wit.
Sometimes dragons are aggressive towards alien dogs, and they do not pay attention to the size of the enemy. There is some wariness, cautiousness in relation to strangers.
Moscow dragon lends itself to training, thanks to the natural mind and ability to make decisions. Good physical condition allows dragons to take part in agility and handling in the class of decorative dogs.
Dogs willingly train and are not inferior to large dogs in completing tasks. A certain limitation in the development of simulators and overcoming an obstacle course is imposed only by the dimensions of the Moscow dragon.
The "noble" roots of the dragon are manifested in independent behavior and a desire to lead, so it is necessary to begin training and education as early as possible so that these character traits do not acquire a negative color. Early training will develop dog obedience and make it a favorite of all family members.
Training is especially successful if you use the natural skills of the animal, and training is encouraged in the form of praise, affection or some kind of goodies.
Care and Health
Due to the fact that the breed is bred on the basis of indigenous and domestic dogs, care for the dragon is minimal. In order for the dog to live a long life and delight its owners up to 10 years, it is necessary to do all routine vaccinations, regularly conduct an examination. Otherwise, standard dog care will be sufficient.
It is necessary to monitor the cleanliness and condition of the eyes, teeth and ears. Claws trimmed as they grow. Hair care is also not required. The dragon is bathed as the coat becomes dirty. For bathing, special shampoos are used that give a plentiful foam in order to effectively clean the coat. After swimming, the dog is wrapped in a towel, blotted with water and allowed to dry naturally.
Little dragons do not need a haircut. Even the specimens participating in the show demonstrate a natural "disheveled". Although some owners prefer to slightly shorten the decorating hair on the face so that they do not fit into the eyes and mouth.
Like most primitive breeds, the Moscow dragon has good health, is unpretentious in maintenance, does not require special care, but all this does not mean that the dog can be “abandoned” - left to its own devices.
Due to the "street" hardening and the presence of a large number of primitive signs, the Moscow dragon has good health and high adaptability to weather conditions in this geographical area. Due to the fact that cultural selection is carried out recently, the dragons did not have time to acquire pedigree diseases and do not have newly formed mutations fixed by artificial selection.
Typical for primitive breeds is low productivity, which led to a small number of breed representatives. The bitch brings so many puppies that can feed in the wild.
Thanks to the natural selection of Moscow dragons, resistance to external factors and diseases has consolidated. They do not have an allergic reaction, they have high immunity, which allows them to successfully tolerate the bites of blood-sucking insects and resist the diseases that they tolerate. In dogs of the Moscow Dragon breed, tolerance to ticks, fleas, and helminths has developed.
Like all primitive and native dogs, the Moscow dragon is not demanding on food. In addition, he eats a little, because his digestion process is more productive than that of artificially bred breeds.
During natural feeding in the diet of the dragon should be present:
- meat and offal;
- vegetables and greens.
Whelp representatives are not selective in food; they will equally enjoy eating the food that their hosts eat and dry food. They need clean water, which in sufficient quantities is freely available.
But, despite the unpretentiousness of the dragon, attention should be paid to the diet of the pet. For it to develop and grow correctly, it is necessary that the food is balanced and contains the necessary amount of useful minerals.
Therefore, with natural feeding, it is necessary to choose the appropriate vitamin-mineral complex that replenishes the daily intake of vitamins, micro and macro elements. If the owner opted for ready-made production rations, vitamins are not needed, since premium and super-premium dry feeds contain enough of them.
Moscow dragon took root perfectly in urban environments. The little dragon is not inclined to make noise, outrageous, run around the apartment, so it is very convenient and easy to keep the owners of different ages and even with a complete lack of experience.
He can live in a small apartment, tolerates loneliness well, even busy people can afford to get him. The little dragon tolerates heat and cold, so you can go out with him in any weather and temperature.
It is enough to arrange a dog’s own couch at home, although this is not required. Dogs guard their territory and, so that there are no conflicts with other pets, it is better to provide the dragon with its own sleeping place.
On dragon walks, it is necessary to withdraw 2-3 times a day. He sets the duration of the walk himself. Sometimes he needs a long stay in the fresh air, and sometimes he is limited by the time necessary only for the departure of natural needs.
Walking with this baby is better by holding him on a leash so that he does not conflict with large dogs. Despite the average level of activity, it is worth paying attention not only to walks, but also to activities and trainings. The Moscow dragon will achieve victories, take part in competitions with pleasure, so do not deprive him of this type of activity.
Photo of the Moscow dragon
Video about the Moscow dragon
Where to buy a puppy
Moscow breeders noted an increase in interest in this rare breed on the eve of the Dragon year. Small dogs with an exotic appearance are gaining popularity, but so far, demand exceeds supply. Despite the fact that there are ads on AVITO for the sale of puppies at a price of 3000-3500 rubles, it is better to buy a puppy in a kennel, where specialists breed them.
Today, only about 100 dogs have a stable phenotype, so it is important to seriously choose a kennel to get a real thoroughbred pet.
Moscow dragons are breeding in the nursery:
- "Little House" (Moscow), http://mosdragon.narod.ru/;
- "Mirkwood" (Moscow), http://liholesie.narod.ru/;
The Moscow dragon is a kind, balanced, calm and unpretentious pet at home, which will be an ideal option for those who love dogs very much, but cannot devote too much time to them.