Clawing is not the most pleasant, but one of the most important hygienic procedures for caring for a four-legged pet. The growth of claws in dogs continues throughout life, and therefore their circumcision is a regular event to which it is advisable to train the dog as early as possible. How to cut the claws of a dog, what is needed for this and how often should this procedure be carried out - these issues most concern dog owners who want to see their pet healthy and beautiful.
A very important point in this process is choosing the right tool. There are two types of claws:
- type of scissors - have an external resemblance and principle of operation, as with scissors, the claw is located between two blades and they connect after pressing the handles;
- type of guillotine - the claw cutter has a hole in which the claw is placed, the handles are compressed, the blade drops and cuts off part of the nail plate.
To trim the dog’s claws at home, you can use any type of tool, only with the guillotine claw cutter it’s a little harder to cut off too thick claws of large dog breeds.
In addition, you need to try to carry out the procedure at the most appropriate time. For example, a dog will resist less if it has just come from a long walk or has eaten.
Before you begin the action, you need to prepare everything you need. In addition to a claw cutter, a hemostatic agent (if the claw is cut too deeply) can be useful and, as an encouragement for good behavior and patience, a favorite treat.
Although it is not recommended to cut the nails too short, even professionals are not immune to mistakes and you need to be prepared for such an option.
If the pet has never undergone a similar procedure, then you can try to prepare it in advance. To do this, you need to sit next to the dog several times a day, stroke it, take a paw in your hands and hold it for a while. When she gets used to such manipulations, you can try to touch the paws with an instrument and be sure to talk with the pet, distracting him. As soon as the dog normally accepts this, you can slowly cut the hair off the paws, and then do the claws. So how to cut a dog’s claws?
Claw Cutting Process
Some dog owners were lucky if the breeders themselves tried and taught the puppies to this procedure. If this happens, then clipping the claws will not cause special difficulties. Otherwise, you will have to make some efforts and be patient in training.
It is recommended to first see how professionals trim the dog’s claws, then carry out the procedure on their own, but with the participation of another person as an assistant.
Care must be taken in advance of a comfortable, well-lit area. The assistant should put the pet on one side, trying to keep it in one position, while gently stroking and saying affectionate words. As soon as the dog calms down and relaxes, you can proceed to action.
If the pet has light, transparent claws, then there will not be any special problems, since with the naked eye you can notice the blood vessels of the circulatory system inside. It is necessary to trim the nail plate in such a way that it does not damage it and does not deliver pain to the dog. With dark claws, you will have to cut “by eye”, and in order not to damage the vessels, you will only have to bend the bent part of the claw.
It is important when cutting to be as careful as possible so as not to touch the soft tissues that are located inside the claw. Otherwise, the pet may begin bleeding, he will feel pain and next time will refuse such manipulations.
It is not necessary to cut the claw in one fell swoop, it is better to do it gradually, cutting off 2-3 mm plates.
As already mentioned, even a pro in his business can make a mistake and still damage a blood vessel during clipping. There is nothing particularly terrible in such a situation, but still it is necessary to treat the resulting wound. Antiseptic drugs are suitable for this - you can put a swab or bandage soaked in hydrogen peroxide, or sprinkle with a small amount of streptocide. You can also attach a tampon with potassium permanganate to the affected area and hold for some time. After this, the dog must be encouraged by treating it with a favorite treat.
After you need to grind all the trimmed edges with a special nail file. If bleeding from a damaged vessel does not stop or is profuse, you should immediately contact a veterinary clinic for help.
Useful tips and tricks
There are several specific rules that the pet owner needs to know about before the procedure:
- With timely trimming, the living part of the claw (pulp) can move a little deeper and then clipping the claws is completely unnecessary.
- Even if the dog is too active and spends a lot of time outdoors, it is necessary to regularly inspect the pads of its paws, including the nail plates for damage. On the front finger of the forepaws are claws, which most often grow into the skin.
- When choosing a tool, you must pay attention to the convenience of the handle and the sharpness of the blades. The latter quality can be decisive, since it is not possible to cut hard claw layers with an insufficiently sharp claw cutter.
- A favorable time for claw trimming is the period after the pet has taken water procedures. Firstly, a relaxed dog will not violently resist, and secondly, claws soaked in water are easier to cut.
- If the dog is large, then this does not mean that he will strongly resist. Practice shows that representatives of small breeds cause more trouble, have many bad habits, and this is due to their quiet, measured life.
- It is not necessary for the pet owners to show their uncertainty and fear before the procedure, as this can be felt by the dog and try to escape from the upcoming manipulation.
- You can not start trimming without evaluating the condition of all the claws, as you can skip the infectious disease or other damage to the paw pads.
- To make the haircut more comfortable, you can remove the hair that grows in the area of the paws and interferes with the full view.
- It is more difficult to cut an adult dog than a puppy. Only after passing several procedures successfully, the animal will cease to be afraid. That is why it is recommended to teach young individuals or their puppies.
Clawing is troublesome, but very serious and important. Having spent some time on a dog manicure, you can significantly improve the quality of life of the pet and avoid many unpleasant consequences.