Cats are centenarians among domestic animals. However, the life expectancy of a mustachioed pet depends on its belonging to a particular breed and the features of caring for it. This also applies to British cats.
What a healthy british cat looks like
The British are cats with a colorful appearance, but only healthy animals look really chic. They will be distinguished by a number of external signs:
- thick short coat, shiny and soft, without bald spots;
- balanced body, strong limbs;
- developed muscles;
- clear, clean eyes;
- nose without discharge;
- clean ears;
- gums are pink and teeth are white;
- lack of breath;
- good appetite;
- curiosity, moderate activity.
Strangely enough, the color of the cat's hair can be evidence of potential health problems. The colors that create the dominant genes indicate that their owner is probably in fairly good health. Such colors are most often black and red. But the blue and white color can bind to genes that weaken the immune system.
It is in white cats that deafness and allergies are most often observed
In general, British cats are distinguished by good health and good life expectancy. The longevity of an animal depends both on genetic factors and on living and grooming conditions.
Factors Affecting British Life Span
In order for a pet to please with beauty, good health and longevity, he needs breed-specific care, including care for health, nutrition, hygiene, living conditions and communication.
The British are unpretentious in terms of content. However, getting into a new home, the cat first of all assesses the conditions in which she has to live, and, no doubt, they should be comfortable:
- all cats are clean and the British especially. It is enough for them and one toilet tray, which in this case will need to be cleaned regularly;
- the sleeping place can be a special cat house or bedding. The only condition is not to place them close to the battery and the window. The British have thick wool, because of which they may feel hot near heating appliances, but they also do not need window drafts;
- such cats will not refuse a claw-claw. It is necessary to maintain the health of paws and claws, regular care of which will help to avoid fungus.
Thanks to a calm temperament, the British do not need increased activity or walking
One of the important factors affecting a cat's lifespan is diet. Firstly, the supply of the body with all necessary substances depends on it, and secondly, the weight of the pet.
The British, like many thoroughbred cats, are prone to overeating and fullness. The latter provokes the development of many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and cardiovascular system. If necessary, diet foods low in calories come to the rescue.
The advantage of industrial feed over natural food is its balance and enrichment with essential vitamins and minerals
Important! Milk can only be given to kittens under 3 months of age; for older adults it is better to offer dairy products, kefir, natural yogurt or sour cream.
It is important for the owner to know the normal weight of the pet in order to notice in time that he began to gain it: females of the British breed usually weigh about 5-6 kg, and large males - 10 kg or more. But the "sagging" belly for a British cat is not a pathology. It appears in kittens already by the age of six months, since it is characteristic of the British and cats bred on the basis of this breed. So "puziko" is not considered a lack of exterior or a sign of illness.
The British do not need any specific hygiene procedures, but even such trifles as grooming hair or teeth can affect the cat's lifespan:
- it is necessary to comb the pet's hair once a week, and during molting - more often, as necessary. This is necessary so that the animal licking itself does not clog the stomach with woolen lumps;
- wash the British as necessary - too frequent bathing will weaken the immune system;
- sunbathing does not negatively affect the health of cats, but for show animals it is undesirable, because the hair can burn out and become at the tips of a red tint;
- the claws are trimmed once a month, pre-examining for uniformity of structure, evenness, absence of spots and deformation;
- British eyes are rubbed once a week with a cotton pad moistened with boiled water. This is done to remove secretions and dark deposits. If the cat’s eyes began to water, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian, because the cause of this can be dangerous diseases - allergies, irritation, some worms, chlamydia, liver damage;
- ears are cleaned twice a month. In healthy cats, sulfur is light, odorless. Changing the appearance of sulfur, the appearance of secretions in the auricle may be a sign of a fungus or an ear mite, for the diagnosis of which you will need to contact a veterinarian-dermatologist and take an analysis;
- oral hygiene is one of the primary tasks of the owner of a British cat, because a typical problem of animals with a short muzzle is tartar. It leads to bleeding gums and tooth loss, so from an early age teach your cat to brush his teeth, and how and what - the veterinarian will teach. If tartar has already appeared, then only the doctor removes it with the help of special equipment with the subsequent use of the necessary drugs.
British cats are animals with a calm temperament, independent, but at the same time friendly. They love attention and affection, but they prefer that the owners do not familiarize themselves - they do not squeeze them and do not pick them up. The animal will make it clear at what point it is ready for communication and will allow itself to stroke.
The British are non-aggressive and non-conflict, so it is better to protect them from the intrusive attention of small children or other animals. In general, British cats get along well in families with children and other pets, including cats. At the same time, they also tolerate loneliness well, and therefore are suitable for people who are often absent at home all day.
The British are comfortable alone with themselves, so they are called "cats for businessmen"
Psychological needs still differ between different individuals, because they are determined not only by breed, but also by upbringing and habits. Psycho-emotional comfort is no less important for an animal than caring for its health. In favorable conditions and in the absence of stress, the cat will delight you for many years.
Representatives of the British breed, as a rule, have good health and strong immunity, because this is a naturally bred breed. However, the British have trouble from time to time.
Parent blood type incompatibility
One of the most serious genetic problems, but at the same time solved in advance, is the presence of two types of blood, the so-called A and B. If a cat has type B blood and a cat type A (or vice versa), their offspring will have blood two types. Visually, such kittens are healthy, but within three days they still die. This is due to the production of antibodies in the cat's body against another type of blood. Antibodies are transmitted to babies with mother's milk, and they destroy the blood cells of newborn animals. To avoid such tragic consequences, when planning offspring in a cat, it is necessary to take blood type tests in advance for both potential parents.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is another disease caused by genetics. It affects not only the British, but also the Persians, orientals, and ragdolls. The disease usually occurs in adult cats aged from one year to 8 years. During this time, it is recommended that the cat undergo echocardiography or an ultrasound of the heart twice a year in order to diagnose the disease at an early stage and, if possible, extend the life of the pet. Unfortunately, such a disease cannot be cured.
Like all other breeds, the British are susceptible to infection by parasites. Five-month-old kittens are given prophylactic treatment against helminths and ticks using drugs prescribed by a veterinarian. During the cat’s future life, such treatment should be carried out at least once a year, especially if the pet is in contact with other animals that are on the street.
Owners of the British have to deal with such an unpleasant ailment as diarrhea. To treat it, you need to understand what caused the disease:
- the presence of intestinal worms;
- motion sickness.
Diarrhea, especially at a young age, is dangerous to the health of the animal. Even if you know the reason why it occurred, you must consult your veterinarian for competent treatment.
A beautiful fur coat is a special pride of the British. Loss of pet hair is always sad for the owners, because this is not only fraught with damage to the appearance of the cat, but also life-threatening. Of course, twice a year, the Briton will have a seasonal molt, and hair loss also provokes pregnancy and childbirth in females. But if the reason lies elsewhere or the hair loss has become intense, this is again an occasion to show the cat to the doctor. He will prescribe treatment in accordance with the cause of baldness, which may be:
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- malfunctions of the pancreas;
- disturbances in the activity of the liver;
- severe stress;
- weakened immunity;
- skin diseases (dermatitis, fungus).
Wool lumps in the digestive tract
When licking the hairs of a thick undercoat, they enter the cat’s stomach, sliding into lumps there and causing a blockage of the esophagus. A similar problem is solved operatively, so it is much easier to take preventive measures - give the pet special preparations that dissolve wool in the stomach and normalize the digestion process.
Kittens and young cats are vulnerable to infections and viruses. While the baby is breast-fed, it is protected by the mother's immunity (which should also be vaccinated). But the animal needs to get its own antibodies before the end of the maternal defense. This usually happens before the babies reach 2.5 months. Then the vaccinations are repeated every 3–7 weeks until the kitten is about 4 months old. In the future, vaccinate the pet once a year.
It is imperative to vaccinate a pet against the following diseases:
- infections affecting the respiratory tract (rhinotracheitis, calcivirosis);
Cats are vaccinated annually, previously treated for parasites
How many Britons live
Large breeds with a rough physique live less than dry and fine-boned breeds, so the average life expectancy of the British ranges from 12 to 15 years. However, there are cases when the British lived to a more venerable age.
An important role in this matter is played not only by care, but also by genetics. So, if among the ancestors of your pet there were many long-livers, the chances that he will live as long are increased.
In addition, experienced owners claim that castration has a positive effect on the life span of pets. Their opinion is supported by veterinarians. This is due to the lack of stress that the animal experiences during the rut, not being able to find a partner and satisfy the need. And the non-castrated cat, which is also not used for mating, is at high risk for cysts, tumors, including malignant, hormonal failures. But even before giving birth to a female, the sterilized one has an additional advantage associated with the absence of gestation, childbirth, the need to recover after them and feeding kittens. This is the main reason why domestic British cats and cats (usually castrated) live for several years longer than their cousins.
An elderly cat begins to be considered after 8 years. At this time, a change of diet should occur. Special feeds are enriched with the necessary elements to maintain the normal bone system and internal organs. In homemade food, reduce the amount of fat.
At the age of 12, British cats often begin to suffer from excess weight, hearing loss, eye diseases, exacerbation of chronic ailments. During this period, the cat is often examined by a veterinarian, trying to protect against stress. But this does not mean that you need to drastically reduce the activity of the pet. The elderly Briton will benefit from both short games and quiet walks.
It is worth remembering that each animal has an individual set of genes, health and psyche. Even in one litter kittens of different character and stamina are born.
It looks like the ratio of the life expectancy of a cat and a person
Video: the head of the club of cat lovers "Artemis" about the care of British cats
In order for the Briton to please the owner with his company for many years, it will take not so much effort. It is only necessary to pay attention to the special needs of cats of this wonderful breed.