Fish with a maximum body length of up to 23 centimeters. Color with greenish and bluish tones. It feeds on algae growing along the coastline. Spawns in April-June, laying eggs on pitfalls, or in empty shells of bivalve mollusks.
It has a second name - scorpion. The maximum length of the fish is 40 centimeters, but more often no more than 15. The main share in the diet is occupied by smaller fish, crustaceans and various invertebrates. Sea ruff systematically sheds, completely discarding old skin.
Sea fish with a very strongly elongated thin body. It has a strong carapace of bone rings and a long snout. Often takes a vertical position and is in it motionless for a long time. The general color of the fish is with a green tint.
Fish, distinguished by a peculiar shape of the head and eyes turned upwards. They live in the bottom layer of water. They feed mainly on crustaceans and other invertebrates. Most species are active in the dark.
It is distinguished by the presence of a long “sword” on its head - this is a very elongated upper jaw. Several bones of the skull play a role in its formation. Another feature is the ability to artificially increase the temperature of the brain and eyes due to internal chemical processes.
This is a fish with a characteristic body shape. The body is flat, pectoral fins spliced to the head. There are 15 families of stingrays, among which there are both marine and freshwater species . One of the interesting features of individual skates is the ability to generate electric current. His fish uses for defense and hunting.
A small fish belonging to the herring family. The mass of the largest individuals is only 22 grams. It is an object of commercial fishing, which, at the moment, does not adversely affect the number of spiders.
Black Sea goby
Bottom fish that lives near the coastline. It features a large head with a slightly flattened shape and closely spaced eyes. The size of the bull is huge, despite the fact that it is caught in large quantities.
A small fish up to 18 centimeters long and weighing up to 12 grams. It is divided into five species, including European sprat, which lives in the Black Sea. Sprat life expectancy is relatively short - 5 years.
Fish with a narrow body and silver color. At various times of the year, it makes long migrations to places of wintering or spawning. It is one of the main commercial fish with excellent taste. Hamsa is salted, dried, used in soups and other dishes.
A flock of fish that lives in the upper layers of water near the coastline. The main share in the diet of kilka is plankton. Sprat is a valuable commercial fish, actively eaten by humans. It is used for canning, smoking and pickling.
Fish with excellent palatability. In the Black Sea, it is a passage, that is, it actively moves between water bodies for spawning or wintering. The registered weight of the largest individual is one kilogram.
This is a saltwater fish belonging to the mullet family. It has an elongated body and eyes with a red tint. Lives in packs that go to large rivers for wintering. Pelengas eats various invertebrates, as well as smaller fish.
Sea fish with an unusual shape of the head and pectoral fins. It has a beautiful brownish color with an admixture of orange and blue. It is a predator. It lives and hunts in the bottom layer, actively using wide unfolding fins.
Red Sea fish listed in the Red Book
Very large fish from the sturgeon family. Perhaps this is the largest fish that can live in fresh water. The weight of individual individuals reaches one and a half tons. It is a predator, eating smaller fish. Also, various mollusks are included in the diet.
Large fish from the sturgeon family. The body length of the average individual is 2 meters, and the mass is up to 30 kilograms. Under natural conditions, forms stable hybrids and hybrids when crossed with other sturgeons. This fact is used to artificially create studs adapted to various climatic conditions.
Sturgeon fish. The main food is a variety of crustaceans and other invertebrates, mollusks and small fish. Currently, the population of Russian sturgeon in the wild is very small, but it is actively bred in numerous fisheries.
Large fish from the sturgeon family. It lives at a depth of up to 100 meters. The maximum body length is more than two meters, and weight up to 80 kilograms. It is a valuable commercial fish, but in the wild the population is very small. Currently, stellate sturgeon is grown in fish factories, part of the fish is released into water bodies, and part is processed for consumption.
Medium-sized fish with a body length of up to 25 centimeters. Stray into small flocks that actively move in the depth range from 3 to 50 meters. In winter, schools of crucian carps go far into the open sea and keep near the bottom until the warm season.
The fish has a long body with a beautiful "metallic" color. The structure and shape of the fins allows the mackerel to swim quickly and actively maneuver. It is a valuable commercial fish, which is actively prepared in various forms. Mackerel is used as an independent dish, and as an ingredient.
Scorpion fish. It has a red color and poisonous spikes at the ends of the fins. An injection of fin of perch leads to a slight painful inflammation. Different species live at depths from 10 meters to three kilometers. They hunt mainly from ambush, attacking small fish and invertebrates.
It features a laterally compressed body and a blunt “face” shape. It is kept in small flocks at a depth of 30 meters. The mullet is a near-bottom fish and never rises to the surface. It feeds on small invertebrates, which it seeks at the bottom, feeling silt and soil with special antennae.
It has a flat body of oval shape. It lives in the bottom layers at a depth of 200 meters. Young flounder is often kept near the shore. It feeds on crustaceans and invertebrates, as well as mollusks, which the fish actively collect during daylight hours.
Medium-sized fish from the perciform order. The maximum recorded length of an individual is 44 centimeters. Zelenushka lives in a wide range of depths - from one to 50 meters. The color of the fish is yellowish with a green tint and red longitudinal stripes.
Valuable commercial fish with good taste. It lives at a depth of up to 200 meters, eating various invertebrates. Due to the special shape of the mouth, it can swallow large prey and periodically engages in cannibalism.
A kind of fish, resembling a floating algae in appearance. Her body is covered with processes that mimic the stems of vegetation. Sea dragon swims very slowly, but often goes unnoticed by predators. It feeds on plankton and algae, swallowing whole food.
Flocking fish, actively attacking schools of smaller fish. During the hunt fish shoals are organized in an organized manner, the victim is pounded and swallowed, doing this at a very high speed. Fish has a high palatability and is an object of sport fishing. However, catching bluefish is not easy because of its speed and great physical strength.
Large salmon fish that are subject to fishing. It lives at various depths, feeding on invertebrates, mollusks and small fish. Trout meat has a good taste and is used in various forms for cooking.
Cartilaginous fish weighing up to 15 kilograms. It lives near the coastline, preferring depths of up to 120 meters. The nutrition of fish is very diverse. The diet includes both invertebrates and a large number of small and medium-sized fish. At certain times of the year, flocks of quatrans are capable of attacking dolphins.
Fish with a long and flexible body. The color is gray and with a metallic sheen. In appearance resembles an eel. It differs in very small scales and the presence of a peculiar beak. It has small sharp teeth that help tenaciously grab prey.