Yellow blackberries are the “cousins of the chanterelles ” in taste and nutritional value. But mushroom pickers underestimate them, they collect chanterelles , because they bear fruit at about the same time as blackberries. These mushrooms are really great in taste, and even easier than the chanterelles in identification, they are easy to cook, do not require preliminary cooking or soaking.
The biggest difference between chanterelles and blackberries is that the yellow blackberries have spikes under the hat. This feature is inherent in the species.
Large and fleshy yellow blackberries grow in all types of moist forests. The mushroom is widespread in Britain and Ireland, throughout continental Europe and in Russia, many parts of North America.
As a rule, yellow blackberries are found in groups, form small and sometimes large fabulous “witch circles” up to four meters across.
When and how to harvest
This is a mycorrhizal species, which from year to year appears in the same places. Blackberries most like swampy lowlands with oaks, conifers and blueberry bushes.
Legs break easily, harvest by hand. But forest dirt and debris sticks to the base of the leg, some kind of cleaning tool is needed so that the organic material in the basket does not dirty the hats.
Yellow hedgehog is not very demanding on conditions, but grows better in a more temperate climate . Mushrooms are not difficult to detect because of their color, especially under conifers . Among deciduous plants in autumn, it is a little more difficult to find yellow blackberries, they hide under leaves and branches, but stand out due to color.
How to recognize and collect yellow blackberries
As a rule, when the mycelium encounters an “obstacle”, such as a ditch or a dry zone on the border with a wetter area, it reacts to this barrier and tries to overcome it. Yellow hedgehogs grow abundantly in these places and spread fruit bodies on the border.
If you notice white, massive clusters of mushrooms in the distance, the chances of finding blackberries are high. Where there are several, there will inevitably be many; they grow in groups. Having found, go carefully so as not to step and break.
Appearance of a blackberry yellow
The hat is creamy white, with irregular wavy edges and dimples on the upper surface, which feel like velvet and feels slightly red when pressed. The hard, crisp flesh of this large edible mushroom is slightly spicy and resembles the taste of chanterelles (Cantharellus cibarius). The irregularly shaped caps are typically 4 to 15 cm across.
The thorns on the underside of the cap are soft, hang like stalactites, cover the entire surface of the fetus. Spines are from 2 to 6 mm and grow towards the stem.
The stem is white, cylindrical in shape, from 5 to 10 cm in height and from 1.5 to 3 cm in diameter, solid. The spores are ellipsoidal, smooth. The spore seal is white.
The smell / taste is “mushroom”, the ripe fruit is bitter in the mouth if you hold the raw flesh for a few seconds.
Yellow hedgehog grows among moss and fallen leaves on forest litter from August to December.
What mushrooms look like a yellow blackberry
The reddish hedgehog (Hydnum rufescens) is smaller in size and its color is yellowish brown. Spikes grow "from the leg", and not to her.
Edible yellow hedgehog, but it should be collected at a young age, when the fruiting body is without worms and larvae. The mushroom is delicious in all kinds of dishes, it is placed in soups and risottos, fried and dried for the winter.
The aroma of blackberries is not the same as that of chanterelles. Chanterelles emit a flower-apricot smell; in yellow hedgehogs, it is more traditional mushroom. But this is the only difference, and for most dishes, housewives take blackberries to replace the chanterelles.
Yellow hedgehog - video