The Republic of Bashkortostan is located in the Urals and in the west of the Southern Urals. On its territory are spread different landscapes:
- in the center are the ridges of the Ural Mountains ;
- in the west part of the East European Plain;
- in the east - Trans-Urals (combination of elevation and plain).
The climate in Bashkortostan is temperate continental. Summer is warm, with an average temperature of +20 degrees Celsius. Winter lasts a long time and the average temperature is –15 degrees. Precipitation in different parts of the republic varies in quantity: from 450 to 750 mm per year. On the territory there are a huge number of rivers and lakes.
Flora of Bashkortostan
The flora of the republic is diverse. Forest-forming trees are maple, oak, linden and pine, larch and spruce.
Shrubs such as dogrose, viburnum, hazel, mountain ash grow here. Among berries, lingonberries grow a lot.
Broad-leaved plants grow in the forest-steppe zone, as well as herbs and flowers - amazing violet, May lily of the valley, chick, bought, bluegrass, eight-spotted dryad, Siberian adonis.
Violet is amazing
The steppe is rich in the following types of flora:
- feather grass;
- wheat grass.
Partly the same species are found in the meadows as in the steppe. In the marshland reeds, horsetail and sedge grow.
Fauna of Bashkortostan
A huge number of fish are found in the water bodies of the republic, such as carp and bream, pike and catfish, carp and zander, perch and crucian carp, trout and roach.
Here you can find otters, turtles , mollusks, toads, frogs , gulls , geese, cranes, beavers, muskrats .
Among the birds over the expanses of Bashkortostan doves, owls , cuckoos, woodpeckers , capercaillie, waders, golden eagles , loonies, hawks fly.
Hare , wolves , hamsters, marmots, steppe vipers, jerboas and ferrets live in the steppe. Large herbivores are moose and roe deer. Predators are represented by red fox, brown bear , ermine , column , marten, mink.
Rare species of the republic:
In Bashkortostan, the three largest national parks “Asly-Kul”, “Bashkortostan” and “Kandry-Kul”, as well as three reserves “Yuzhno-Uralsky”, “Shulgan-Tash”, “Bashkir State Reserve” were created. Here, in vast territories, wildlife has been preserved, which will contribute to an increase in the populations of animals and birds, and plants will be protected from destruction.