Coniferous forest is a special natural zone, the basis of which are evergreen conifers. Shrubs grow in the lower tiers, grassy plants below, and litter at the very bottom.
Spruce is one of the forest-forming species of coniferous forest. In height, it grows to 45 meters. The flowering period begins in May, lasts until June inclusive. If the spruce is not cut down ahead of time, then it can grow about 500 years. This tree does not tolerate strong winds. Spruce stability is acquired only when their root systems grow together.
Fir trees often grow in coniferous forests. They grow to a height of 35 meters. The tree has a pointed crown. Fir blossoms, like spruce, from May to June, and can grow up to 200 years. Coniferous needles on the branches hold for a long time - about ten years. For firs, approximately the same weather and climatic conditions as for spruce are necessary, therefore, very often these two species grow together in the same forest.
Larch is often found in coniferous forests, and reaches a height of up to 40 meters. Crohn transmits the sun's rays. The peculiarity of this breed is that for the winter the tree throws needles, like deciduous trees. Larch is frost-resistant, tolerates the frosty climate of the north, and hot in the steppe, where it is planted as a field protection. If this breed grows in the mountains, then larch spreads to the very extreme points of the mountain peaks. The age of the tree can be 500 years, it grows very quickly.
The height of the pines is 35-40 meters. With age, the crown changes in these trees: from conical to round. The needles last from 2 to 7 years, periodically updated. The pine tree loves the sun, is steady against a strong wind. If it is not cut down, then it can live up to 400 years.
Cedar grows to 35 meters. It is resistant to frost and drought, not picky about soils. A tree blooms in June. Cedar has valuable wood, but if the tree is not cut down, it grows for about 500 years.
Shrubs and herbaceous plants
On the lower tiers you can find juniper in the coniferous forest. He has especially valuable berries that have long been used in medicine. They contain essential oils, acids, tar and other beneficial substances. The life span of the bush is approximately 500 years.
Grasses have adapted to living conditions among conifers - to cold winters and not very warm summers. In the forest among firs and pines you can find nettles and celandine, elderberries and ferns. From flowers here a shepherd’s bag and snowdrops grow. In addition, everywhere in the coniferous forest you can find mosses and lichens.