The planet has a large number of species of flora and fauna that spread and inhabit various natural zones. Such biodiversity in different climatic conditions is not the same: some species adapt to the harsh conditions of the Arctic and the tundra, others learn to survive in deserts and semi-deserts, still others like the warmth of tropical latitudes, the fourth inhabit forests, and the fifth spread over wide expanses of the steppe. The state of species that is currently on Earth has been forming over 4 billion years. However, one of the global environmental problems of our time is the reduction of biodiversity. If it is not solved, then we will forever lose the world that we know now.
Reasons for biodiversity decline
There are many reasons for the reduction of species of animals and plants, and all of them come directly or indirectly from people:
- deforestation ;
- expansion of territories of settlements;
- regular emissions of harmful elements into the atmosphere;
- the transformation of natural landscapes into agricultural objects;
- the use of chemicals in agriculture;
- pollution of water bodies and soil;
- road construction and communications;
- the growth of the world's population , requiring more food and territories for life;
- poaching ;
- experiments on crossing plant and animal species;
- ecosystem destruction;
- environmental disasters caused by people.
Of course, the list of reasons goes on. Whatever people do, they affect the reduction of habitats of flora and fauna. Accordingly, the life of animals changes, and some individuals unable to survive die prematurely, and the number of populations decreases significantly, often leading to the complete extinction of the species. Roughly the same thing happens with plants.
The biological diversity of different life forms - animals, plants and microorganisms is valuable in that it has genetic and economic, scientific and cultural, social and recreational, and most importantly - environmental significance. After all, the diversity of animals and plants makes up the natural world that surrounds us everywhere, so we need to protect it. People have already done irreparable damage that cannot be repaired. For example, many species were destroyed all over the planet:
Addressing biodiversity conservation
In order to preserve biodiversity on earth, you need to make a lot of effort. First of all, it is necessary that governments of all countries pay special attention to this problem and protect natural objects from attacks by different people. Various international organizations, in particular, Greenpeace and the United Nations, also work to preserve the peace of flora and fauna.
Among the main measures that are being taken, it should be mentioned that zoologists and other specialists are fighting for each individual of an endangered species, create reserves and nature parks where animals are under observation, create conditions for them to live and increase populations. Plants are also artificially bred in order to increase their habitats and prevent valuable species from dying.
In addition, it is necessary to take measures to conserve forests, protect water bodies, soil and atmosphere from pollution, and apply environmental technologies in production and domestic life. Most of all, the conservation of nature on the planet depends on ourselves, that is, on each person, because only we make a choice: kill the animal or save his life, cut down a tree or not, pick a flower or plant a new one. If each of us will protect nature, then the problem of biodiversity will be overcome.