The water resources of our planet are the most valuable blessing on Earth, which provides life to all organisms. To satisfy the water needs of all creatures, it must be used rationally. Water reserves are available in almost all countries of the world. This is not only the water of the seas, rivers, lakes, but also groundwater and artificial reservoirs, such as reservoirs. If in some states there are no problems with water supply, then in other parts of the world they can be, since water arteries are unevenly distributed on the planet. In addition, in some countries there is a shortage of fresh water (India, China, North America, the Middle East, Australia, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Mexico). In addition, today there is another problem of water resources - this is the pollution of water areas with various substances:
During the rational use of water, pollution with such substances is not allowed, and it is also necessary to clean all water bodies.
Water management objectives
Each state has its own problems with water resources. To solve them, it is necessary to control the use of water at the state level. For this, the following events are held:
- the population is provided with high-quality drinking water with the help of water supply systems;
- drainage of used water and its removal in the water area;
- safe hydraulic structures are used;
- ensuring the safety of the population in case of floods and other water disasters;
- minimize damage to the water element.
In general, the water management complex should effectively provide the sectoral economy and population with water resources to meet domestic, industrial and agricultural needs.
Thus, the resources of water areas around the world are actively used not only to provide people with water, but also to provide water to all sectors of the economy. The world has huge reserves of resources in the oceans, but this water is unsuitable even for technical use, because it has a high salt content. There is a minimal amount of fresh water on the planet, and it is necessary to rationally manage water resources so that they are enough to satisfy all needs.