Safari cat is one of the most amazing cat breeds in the world. The safari combines the appearance of a primitive predator and the friendly character of a teddy pet. The breed requires special care, because the exclusivity of the color and the mannerism of such a cat make her somewhat moody in content.
History of breed origin
The safari cat breed has a short history. These animals cannot boast of long secular breeding or numerous confessions around the world. The essence of the breed lies in the fact that a wild and an ordinary domestic cat were crossed, while the new species incorporated all the best features of its ancestors.
Genetics and breeders for several decades of the XX century dreamed of crossing a wild and domestic cat. However, all their attempts failed: almost every mating ended in the fact that a wild animal either injured or killed a domestic one. And if it was possible to get offspring, then it did not have reproductive functions.
In the 1970s, another attempt was made to crossbreed animals in the United States (California). It should be noted that the mating between the wild and domestic cat was necessary not only for the sake of obtaining a new breed, but also as a way to get a panacea for cat leukemia. Wild feline representatives are not affected by this disease when, like domestic cats, they often suffer from leukemia.
Breeding was done to find a cure for common feline leukemia.
As a "prototype" was taken a wild cat Geoffrey and descendants of short-haired American and European cats. However, the experiment ended in failure: all the male kittens were barren.
Then the California geneticists decided to cross the females from the Geoffrey cat, and Siamese and Bengalis were chosen as males. In the course of several attempts at breeding, we nevertheless managed to achieve the optimal result: healthy kittens with reproductive properties appeared. The first hybrids were called safari.
The appearance of the animal is really identical to the appearance of primitive wild cats
Already in 1980, a complete description of the new breed was made in California. However, today there are disputes between felinologists, since so far the breed has been recognized only in The Rare and Exotic Feline Registry (REFR) and TICA as experimental (p. 41 of the document). Other organizations believe that there is no difference between safari and wild Bengal cats.
The appearance of cats
The unusual beauty of the safari immediately attracts the attention of any cat lover. I must say that by appearance, this breed is often compared with representatives of wild cats (serval or ocelot), but there are significant differences between them.
Safari is considered one of the largest domestic cats in the world. The height at the withers can be up to 60 centimeters, and the body length - 90-120 centimeters. The following features can be considered characteristic features of the breed:
- a slender and very muscular body, a rounded back, a thorax slightly expanded;
- long strong legs of equal length;
- thick and very flexible tail of medium length;
- large head with a long nose, cheekbones are strongly pronounced;
- the eyes are almond-shaped, with the outer ends of the eyes slightly elevated;
- the average weight of females is from 8 kg, males from 12 kg, cases have been recorded when the weight of the safari reached 17 kg;
- dense thick coat with a water-repellent effect;
- breed color - silver or golden, less often - reddish or brown, the rarest specimens have a black smoky coat color; however, all representatives of the breed are characterized by the presence of dark spots on the skin (leopard color).
Cats have a strong large body, powerful long legs and strong jaws - they are real hunters!
That is, a safari cat is actually close to wild cats - serval and ocelot, but its specific external data distinguishes the animal in a separate form. Disqualifying signs of a safari as such have not yet been formed - let's not forget that the breed has not yet been practically recognized as felinogols. Therefore, in official exhibitions (even from TICA) safaris do not yet participate.
Video: safari of different colors
The nature and behavior of safari cats
Despite their large size and primeval color, safaris are cute pets. The nature of cats and cats is surprisingly very soft and affectionate, safaris love to spend time with people.
Safaris quickly become attached to their master. With great pleasure, these big cats will lie on his lap. At the same time, safaris do not demonstrate any obsession: if the owner is busy, they will not distract him from business and ask for affection.
In their free time, safaris entertain themselves perfectly: absolutely any item can become a subject for a game - from candy to a TV remote control. Therefore, it is better to hide valuable and important things from your pet so that he does not play them.
Toys need to be prepared for the safari, otherwise he will turn some of the interior details into his “game inventory”
Behavior with other animals
The blood of wild ancestors flows in the blood of a safari, so do not forget that this cute and friendly cat has all the makings of a smart predator. It is highly recommended not to keep a safari together with small pets that do not know how to fend for themselves:
- Guinea pigs;
- decorative rabbits;
The predator will still find a way to open the cage. However, with other cats and even dogs, safari gets along extremely well. Sociability helps to set up a “relationship” with even the most closed pets in the house.
The easiest safari cats get along with people, other cats and dogs
Positive and negative qualities of the breed
Safari is undoubtedly one of the most friendly animals in the world. They are equally friendly to both their owner and his guests. Even with small children, cats with wild ancestors get along well, as they love to play and run.
American breeders note, for example, a friendly safari to people and a love of games. The predator instinct acts as the main minus of the breed, because of which the cat can eat all the small pets in the apartment (birds and mice). However, predatory habits are one way or another traced in almost any cat breed, so this factor should not be singled out as a serious disadvantage of the breed.
Table: Pros and Cons of Safari
|Positive traits||Negative qualities|
- well tolerate loneliness;
- living with people and large animals
- predatory instincts;
- need walks in the fresh air;
- specificity of predator nutrition;
- love of water
A unique characteristic of a safari cat can be considered a love of walking in the fresh air and water. It is necessary to walk the pet every day so that the animal expends all the available energy supply. Therefore, the recommended place for a safari is a private house with a fenced area so that the cat can go out for a walk at any time.
Safaris are very fond of swimming. They do not just closely monitor the water flowing from the tap: cats willingly play with drops and are not ashamed to join their master in the shower.
Like other breeds of cats, safaris are very curious animals.
Health and Life Safari
What is very important for breeders is the health of their animals. Unlike other hybrid breeds, safaris do not have any genetic diseases. In addition, strong immunity allows them not to be exposed to various colds. In rare cases, safaris get sick, but with good care they quickly recover.
Excellent health and proper nutrition allow safari cats to live long enough - up to 15-18 years.
Content and features of care
Each breed has its own specific content features. It must be said that safaris, with all the exclusivity of the breed, are considered quite simple animals for private breeding.
The main thing in feeding a leopard cat is proper balanced nutrition. The breeder needs to know that even premium cat food is not suitable for safari. The predator should receive natural products daily:
Occasionally, you can give your pet cottage cheese, milk should not be fed even at a young age. Thus, safaris can be considered quite demanding on food, as you have to buy good quality products in advance. Meat and fish should make up about 70% of the cat’s total diet.
Dry cat food for safari is not used. Breeders recommend different types of stews and pastes from leading cat food manufacturing companies:
- Purina ProPlan;
- Brit Premium
- Royal Canin;
Purina ProPlan - one of the most common high-quality cat foods
Safaris, due to their large size, require a large amount of food. The rate of wet food is calculated based on the weight of the animal and is usually 5% of the total weight of the cat. That is, if a cat weighs about 5 kg, then about 175 g of feed will be needed per day.
The frequency of feeding depends on the age and status of the animal (for example, young animals and pregnant cats will need to be fed 3-5 times a day). Standard feeding is done twice a day: morning and evening.
Necessary living conditions
Safari cats are very energetic and active. Therefore, it will be difficult for them to live in a small city apartment. As already mentioned above, the optimal conditions for safari maintenance are a private house. If the cat lives in the apartment, then it must be walked on a leash, like a dog.
Hygiene and Care
Safari cats do excellent personal hygiene on their own. Therefore, the main task of the owner is to comb out excess hair during molting . If you plan to bathe a cat, then care for the fur should not be carried out by various means for people, since humans and animals have different pH. Therefore, breeders recommend the use of hair care products for safari cats from the following manufacturers:
- LLC "Biosphere";
- 8 in 1.
All recommendations for care and frequency of use are indicated in the instructions for each tool. In addition, safaris love water and will enjoy bathing. However, more than once every two to three months, bathing pets with the use of special cat shampoos is not necessary.
Ear cleaning is done once a week. It is enough to wipe with a damp cotton swab with a limiter of the inside of the ear to rid the cat of contaminants that she herself could not remove. You can use special products for cats to care for their ears - for example, moisten a cotton tip with Barsik ABZ or Hartz lotion. These products have a natural composition and disinfect the inner surface of the ears.
It is advisable to clean the eyes with folk remedies or agents on a natural basis. The easiest way to wipe your cat's eyes with a decoction of chamomile or a strong tea brew. You can use Cliny C or Sani Pet lotions. Eyes are wiped with a cotton pad dampened in the product as it gets dirty - at least 1 time per week.
Due to the fact that safaris walk along the streets, they also need claw care. The house must have a claw-claw and a clipper. The only thing, if the owner does not have clipping experience, it is better to consult a veterinarian. Some breeders use anti-scratches for safari, but how much this is an acceptable way of care for large cats is not clear. Indeed, dirt will accumulate under the caps, which may cause inflammation.
Safari cats aren’t demanding on the tray’s filler
Safari mating features
As a rule, puberty occurs in safari early enough:
- in cats - at 6 months;
- in cats - at 8 months.
In no case should animals be bred at that age, since the body has not yet fully formed and matured. Early pregnancy will lead to weak offspring. Crossing of safaris with adjacent breeds (Bengals or wild cats) is allowed.
The ideal time for the first mating of a cat is 10-15 months, but no later than the age of one and a half years. And breeding of males is allowed at the age of one year.
The basic rules for mating a safari are the following requirements:
- animals must be healthy;
- a pair of pet must be sought from professional breeders or in a breeding club;
- the use of any drugs, including hormones, is prohibited;
- by the time of mating, both the cat and the cat should be vaccinated against the main cat diseases;
- on the day of mating, it is better to trim the claws of the animals so that they do not cause each other injuries;
- knitting occurs only on the territory of the cat.
On average, the pregnancy of safari cats lasts 65–67 days, during this period it is necessary to carefully monitor the nutrition of the animal and gradually increase the diet.
Suitable time for sterilizing cats or castrating cats is not earlier than 8 months and not later than 12 months.
Safari as a business
Being a breeder of a thoroughbred animal is not as easy as it seems at first glance. On the one hand, the cost of a kitten of several thousand dollars is an excellent reason to start breeding a safari, but on the other hand, you will need to observe all the nuances of breeding and invest a lot of money in the selection of the tribe and its care.
Buying pedigree young animals is a very responsible process. Animals must have clear signs of their breed, as well as a passport and pedigree. However, the passport and other documents are not a guarantee that the kitten will have good reproductive data. Therefore, already at this stage there is a great risk of being left with nothing.
In addition, no one is safe from accidents or poor-quality food, as a result of which the cat may die. For thoroughbred safaris, all the rules of care and nutrition must be observed in order for a healthy animal to grow up ready for breeding.
How appropriate is this type of business, each breeder decides independently. However, due to the fact that the safari is a very young breed and there are not many instances in the world, cats will cost very high and will be in great demand.
The cost of an individual largely depends on the color of the skin
How to choose a safari kitten
At the moment, there are very few nurseries where you could buy a safari. Most breeders live in the homeland of the breed - in the United States. Therefore, the prices of kittens are very high: safari is in the TOP 5 most expensive cats in the world.
The purchase of a thoroughbred pet should be carried out only by a professional breeder or in a breeding club with a passport and pedigree. After all, the only way to guarantee compliance with breed standards and excellent animal health.
The average cost of a kitten varies from 4 to 8 thousand dollars, depending on the color. An adult can be bought for 10-12 thousand dollars.
It is important to be able to distinguish a safari kitten from kittens of other "spotted" breeds. The future pet must have all the characteristics of its breed, without exception. Special attention should be paid not only to the shape of the body, but also to the length of the tail, the fit of the ears and the shape of the eyes. If any sign is not traced - it is better not to rush with the purchase:
- short and very dense coat;
- the whole body is covered with spots and sockets - albeit not clear, but traceable patterns;
- dark rings on the legs and tail end;
- triangular shape of the head;
- developed vibrissae pads;
- large ears set high on the head;
- long and straight nose - without humps and dents;
- eyes are oval or almond-shaped;
- eye color uniform and always combined with the color of the coat.
As a rule, nurseries and professional breeders offer exclusively purebred safari kittens for sale, as they protect their reputation. Buying exotic breeds from private breeders is highly discouraged.
A small kitten is very expensive, because the breed is still small and exclusive
The safari cat is the direct descendant of wild cats, has a bright leopard appearance and a very soft character. The breed is not demanding care, however, there are important nuances of feeding and maintenance.