Having a pet, we automatically become responsible for its well-being. Feeding, raising, walking - all these are the main responsibilities of the owner. Including concern for well-being. If we talk about dogs, then they are often worried about problems with bowel movements, which the pet will not say about, but will silently tolerate pain. Before we understand which laxative is best for dogs, we need to understand the root cause of constipation.
Causes of Dog Constipation
Four-legged friends can feel discomfort for a long time without making a sound, and only the attentive attitude of the owners will help determine that the dog does not properly manage for some time. And since this phenomenon occurs quite often, it is worth knowing in advance about the necessary actions in this case. How can you provide quick help without harming the dog?
Some pet owners, without even thinking much, give them the usual medications designed to eliminate human constipation. Experts strongly recommend not to do this, because the dog’s body is arranged in a slightly different way than the human.
What can cause digestive upset, leading to constipation? It is worth considering the most common options:
- Errors in nutrition . Boiled bones, especially in large quantities, a sharp change in diet - from natural to dry or vice versa, an insufficient amount of fiber in the diet - contribute to the development of constipation. Frequent feeding of foods that fasten the intestines also provokes difficult bowel movements.
- Lack of water . Experts recommend organizing a drinking regimen that is timely for the pet. In addition, it is necessary to monitor the freshness of the water, replacing the fluid daily, as many dogs will not drink stagnant water, and will suffer from thirst. Pets have an increased consumption of drinking during the heat, with intense physical exertion, and feeding with dry feed. If the animal does not have enough water, then the body begins to use the fluid that is in the large intestine, thus dehydrating the feces, making them hard and dry.
- Parasites . Worms and other parasitic organisms often damage the intestinal wall, thereby disrupting the absorption of nutrients and fluids, which leads to a malfunction in the intestines.
- The ingress of wool in the digestive tract . If this happens regularly, then whole woolen lumps can form in the intestines, leading to constipation. Of course, this is most often the problem of cats, but in dogs that lick themselves, this can occur.
- Chronic diseases In most cases, the intestines are affected by diseases of the genitourinary system - in males it is prostatitis, in females - inflammation of the uterus and appendages, as well as inflammatory processes in the anal glands.
As you can see, there can be quite a few reasons, and, based on them, it is worth choosing the right laxative for the dog.
Why you can not give human drugs
Any owner who watches the pet’s torment at least once will be visited by the thought: “If it helped me, then it will help the dog.” And here it is not, in animals such help may not pass.
Most laxatives for dogs have one focus - to stimulate the intestines. These include such well-known drugs as Guttalax, Bisacodyl, etc.
These funds will act on the dog’s body as follows: penetrating the intestines filled with solid feces, the drug literally causes the intestines to contract rapidly. The organ begins vigorous activity, and the compressed feces cannot in any way budge. Such an effect often leads to injuries of the intestinal mucous membranes, rupture of tissues and invagination.
Even if such complications did not occur, the animal will feel intestinal colic, bloating, painful cramps. So is it worth risking the health of a dog by offering her human resources?
What remedies can be used for constipation in dogs
The best option for dog constipation is to contact a veterinary clinic, or at least a specialized pharmacy. But not always there is an opportunity for this, therefore it is worth knowing about home ways to rid the pet of constipation. These include: liquid paraffin and magnesia.
Vaseline oil is approved for use without special restrictions. Being, in its essence, liquid paraffin, oil is not saponified by the action of bile, is not digested by the intestines, is not absorbed by its walls and leaves the body naturally in the same form in which it entered the body.
And it acts as follows - makes the feces softer, envelops what provoked constipation - a cork from feces, a lump of wool, cellophane and other foreign objects that penetrated the intestine, and also spreads its effect on its mucous membranes. And with all this, unlike other drugs, it does not increase intestinal motility.
You need to know that you can not replace vaseline oil with a vegetable or cream product. As for taking vaseline oil, small dogs need to be given it inside, at the rate of 2-3 ml every 10-12 hours. To do this, it is best to use a syringe without a needle, pouring half a milliliter so that the dog can swallow it. Larger pets are given more oil.
If the use of liquid paraffin did not bring the desired result, but a greasy stain has already spread under the dog’s tail, then you must cancel its use. In this case, you can use an enema with cool water.
Magnesia is a fairly effective drug used to eliminate constipation in dogs, but is not safe, as there are a number of serious contraindications. It can not be given to a pet if he has cholelithiasis, ailments relating to the heart or kidneys.
The drug has a laxative effect due to the fact that it has a very low absorption, and thereby attracts fluid to the intestines. With additional moisture, feces are liquefied, and peristalsis becomes more intense.
A concentrated solution is poured into the pet, which is prepared from powder and water, or liquid in ampoules is acquired. For an adult pet of small breed, 2 grams of the active substance is enough. And if you take a 25% solution, then this is an average of 6 ml for one dose. The taste of magnesia is very bitter, so it always causes intense salivation in animals.
The above funds are among the most successful options for eliminating constipation in dogs. They have a slow effect, after their use, an act of defecation can occur after 5-6 hours, and sometimes later. In addition, they are not stimulants of intestinal contractions. Such a mild method has virtually no complications and side effects.
Enema for constipation
Enema is another option for eliminating constipation in pets. It can be used even during the pregnancy of the dog and the presence of any disease. The procedure requires boiled chilled water and a rubber bulb for small animals, or Esmarch's mug for large animals.
Before use, the pear should be boiled. In the mug, only the tip is boiled. To make the introduction more comfortable and not cause pain, the tip of the instruments must be generously lubricated with petroleum jelly or a fat baby cream. Filling the pear with water, you need to squeeze it a little, so that excess air comes out.
Before the procedure, you need to wear medical gloves, and a muzzle on the dog, if the pet is small, then you can bandage the muzzle with a bandage from a bandage. The dog is placed in a basin or bath, placed on its side. With a certain experience and a calm attitude towards the enema of the dog, you can apply a standing pose.
With one hand you need to raise her tail, and with the other, carefully enter the end of the pear. After this, the liquid is slowly introduced. Not all pets calmly react to such an action, so it will be better if during the enema the owner will calm the pet, stroking. And there should not be any sudden movements! After finishing, the tip is removed from the anus, and the tail is pressed for several minutes. This will help retain water in the body of the animal. To avoid trouble, you can wear a special diaper on your pet and take it out for walks as often as possible.
Of course, an enema and laxatives will not help eliminate the causes of constipation, so a visit to the veterinarian is still necessary. He will be able to tell what the problem is and how to solve it correctly without compromising the health of the beloved pet.