Dogs of different breeds , like humans, are susceptible to disease. And cataracts, as well as pancreatitis and allergies , are quite common.
This disease passes in dogs gradually, over the years, developing and worsening.
And cataract treatments for dogs are similar to human treatments.
Before buying a pet, ask if there were any vision problems in his family. It’s better to overpay for a healthy puppy than to spend money on its treatment later.
Dog cataract and causes
If the transparency of the lens of the eye decreases and due to its clouding, light cannot pass to the retina, then cataracts have begun.
The main reason is heredity, since it is a genetic predisposition that causes vision diseases most often.
Cataracts in dogs can develop regardless of breed, progressing over the years.
But still, faithful Golden Retrievers , amusing poodles , Yorkshire and Boston Terriers , and Cocker Spaniels are most exposed to her.
The critical age is 8 years, it is during this period that the onset of cataract is most likely.
In addition to heredity, cataracts can be caused by:
- eye diseases - glaucoma, uveitis;
- prolonged drug treatment;
- endocrine disorders - diabetes, metabolic disorders;
- decreased immunity;
- due to injuries;
- with contusion of the animal;
- as a consequence of the disease;
- by age.
A cataract in a dog can develop regardless of breed, progressing over the years. But still, retrievers, poodles, Yorkshire and Boston Terriers, Cocker and Welsh Springer Spaniels are most affected by it.
Cataract. Symptoms and their recognition
Symptoms of cataracts do not always manifest themselves, and often the owners notice them too late.
The main sign of the onset of the disease is the clouded eyes of the dog.
Of course, if the animal’s age is close to venerable, it’s okay that the eyes have turned a gray-blue hue and become less transparent, no.
This indicates the onset of nuclear sclerosis, which does not affect vision.
However, it is worth checking the dog if the decrease in vision has become noticeable, and the eyes become more cloudy.
It is better to start treating cataracts in dogs right away, otherwise there is a high risk that it will slip out of the retaining tissues and fluid outflow will be blocked in the eye.
The consequence of this may be permanent blindness or glaucoma.
Symptoms of cataracts do not always manifest themselves, and often the owners notice them too late. The main sign of the onset of the disease is the clouded eyes of the dog.
The eyes of dogs, like the eyes of humans, are prone to other diseases, whose symptoms could be mistaken for cataracts.
In case of such suspicions, it is better to consult a specialist for qualified advice.
The possibilities of modern diagnostics and the good equipment of veterinary clinics make it possible to identify and identify symptoms characteristic of cataracts.
The examination is carried out traditionally and according to a special technique, which increases the chances of a reliable diagnosis.
In time, an undetected cataract in a dog can lead to loss of vision
Dog cataract and methods of treatment
Cataract is a disease in which neither medications, nor - especially - diet, will help.
Only surgical intervention is able to rid the animal of the disease and restore its vision.
But since other diseases can develop with age, they should be cured first.
The most complicating factor in eye surgery is diabetes, which requires priority treatment.
The operation to remove the cataract in the dog depends on what stage of the disease the owner of the animal has asked for the help of the surgeon.
There are four of them:
- Cataracts in the initial stage are a slight drop in vision when the dog does not distinguish individual parts of objects due to clouding of the lens in the peripheral area.
- Immature cataract - vision has fallen significantly, the dog only distinguishes the outline of the object due to clouding of the lens of the central optical zone.
Cataracts at the stage of maturity - the lack of orientation of the dog in space due to clouding of the entire area of the lens, she only feels the light.
- Overripe cataract - the dog loses its correct light perception due to dilution of the lens fibers and its complete decay.
- At the last stage, the eyes of the animal are completely hidden by a milky white veil. Usually this leads to very serious complications - glaucoma, phacolytic illumination, iridocyclitis or lens subluxation.
Cataract is a disease in which neither medications, nor - especially - diet, will help. Only surgical intervention can rid the animal of the disease and restore its vision
In each animal, in connection with the individual characteristics of the organism and its state of health, cataract develops at a different rate.
It is important to notice the first signs of such a serious illness and bring the animal to treatment as early as possible.
After all, the removal of cataracts in dogs is a complex operation, and a much greater effect from the surgical intervention is obtained at an early stage.
The most effective way to treat cataracts in dogs is surgery, in which a clouded lens is replaced by an intraocular lens, or IOL.
In some cases, the IOL is replaced by an artificial lens that invades the animal’s eye.
Modern equipment and qualified personnel guarantee that the surgical intervention will be less traumatic, especially if the operation was performed at the initial stage.
The intervention of the surgeon in this case can be avoided.
If cataracts have developed in dogs, surgery at the initial stage can be carried out by phacoemulsification, that is, using ultrasound.
The most effective way to treat cataracts in dogs is surgery, in which a clouded lens is replaced by an intraocular lens, or IOL. In some cases, the IOL is replaced by an artificial lens that invades the animal’s eye.
A clouded lens is crushed by ultrasound to an emulsion state and is removed through a microscopic puncture - not more than 2 mm wide.
It is replaced by an artificial elastic lens, introduced into the eye of the animal through the same puncture.
The most high-quality artificial lenses are products of the German company Acrivet.
The folded lens, having reached its “destination” - the lens bag, unfolds and becomes in place of the remote.
For greater safety, a puncture is done on the periphery of the cornea of the eye.
Suturing, as a rule, is not performed if there is no reason for this, and the surgeon did not consider it necessary to do this.
It takes about ten days to heal a puncture, during which it self-seals.
State-of-the-art equipment and qualified personnel guarantee that the surgical intervention will be less traumatic, especially if the operation was performed at the initial stage
Being one of the most modern methods, phacoemulsification can be carried out even at the last stage of cataract development - overripe, but nevertheless a greater effect and lesser postoperative complications are obtained at the beginning of the development of the disease.
Although it was previously believed that cataracts should be "matured" - in this case, its removal will pass with the least complications and vision will fully recover.
At an early stage, a clouded lens still retains its “softness,” and removing it through a puncture does not cause serious injury to the eye tissue.
But regardless of the stage of the disease, viscous viscoelastics are introduced into the dog’s eye - protective drugs, due to which the risk of mechanical injury is reduced to zero.
In cataracts in a dog, the price of the operation depends on the severity and is approximately 12,000 rubles per eye.
Plus, it is advisable to get an ophthalmologist's consultation, the price of which is 800 rubles.
At an early stage, a clouded lens still retains its “softness,” and removing it through a puncture does not cause serious injury to the eye tissue. But regardless of the stage of the disease, viscous viscoelastics are introduced into the dog’s eye - protective drugs, due to which the risk of mechanical injury is reduced to zero
Preventive measures to prevent the development of cataracts
As such, prevention of the development of cataracts in dogs with the use of therapeutic agents or special nutrition with feed and the daily regimen does not exist.
This disease requires surgical intervention.
Nevertheless, if the owner of the animal follows certain rules, the dog, even if not 100%, will be spared from the development and progression of the disease.
- conduct regular inspection of the eyes of your pet;
- if there are any changes in the appearance of the eyes, contact the clinic;
- analyze the dog’s pedigree, because cataract is a hereditary disease.
There are no preventative methods for cataracts in dogs. In this case, the main thing is to notice the onset of the disease in time and prevent it
The last point is desirable to implement before buying an animal in order to protect themselves in the future.
After all, it’s much more profitable to overpay a little for a healthy puppy than to take an animal with a predisposition to cataract and spend a significant amount subsequently, watching the torment of your pet.
Cataracts in a dog: causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention
Cataract in a dog. If your dog's eyes look cloudy or bluish-gray, go with her to the veterinarian for an examination. Perhaps this is a cataract. Take care of a friend, do not start the disease.