Agricultural ecology considers the environmental problems that agro-industrial activity generates. As a result, an attempt is made to change actions and develop techniques that will reduce the harmful effects on nature.
The main resource of agroecosystems is land. Vast territories are used for fields, and pastures are used for grazing animals. In agriculture, the soil is used regularly, fertilizers and pesticides, various cultivation methods are used, which leads to salinization and depletion of the soil. Subsequently, the land loses its fertility, loses vegetation, soil erosion occurs and the territory turns into a desert.
Agricultural ecology considers how it is necessary to restore land after intensive use, how to properly exploit land resources. Environmentalists advocate reducing the use of fertilizers and agrochemicals and developing new, less aggressive and harmful substances.
Cattle trampling soil
Livestock involves grazing cattle on pastures. Animals eat various plants and trample the earth, which leads to its destruction. As a result, a scarce number of crops remain on this territory or plants do not grow at all. Since grass is consumed by animals with root, the soil is unable to regenerate on its own, which leads to its desertification. As the land becomes unsuitable for further grazing, new territories are being developed. To avoid such consequences, one should use pastures correctly, observe norms and take care of the land.
Not the last negative phenomenon in agriculture is acid rain . They pollute the soil, and all crops affected by toxic rain become dangerous or die out. As a result, the amount of yield decreases, and the earth is saturated with chemicals, it becomes unusable.
Agricultural activities have a significant environmental impact. The use of natural resources leads to the fact that in the future the soil loses its ability to recover, collapses and dies. This leads to ecosystem changes, environmental degradation. To avoid such environmental disasters is possible only with the rational use of natural resources.