The Hanoverian breed of horses is one of the most popular representatives of the sports breed in the world. Hanover for decades has shown excellent results in sports and won in dressage and show jumping tournaments. The Hanoverian breed takes its origins from the depths of Germany, which was famous for its accuracy and attention to detail. It was the Germans who undertook to breed the horse breed, which would be perfect. However, for the creation they used not the best representatives of the livestock, which were subsequently improved. It was possible to achieve improvement of the breed when crossing with the best breeds - these are purebred riding, Traken and Arabian horses.
Hannover breed of horses is one of the most popular representatives of the sports breed in the world.
Origin: A breed of Hanoverian horses was born in the heart of Germany - Elector Hanover. There she underwent all sorts of changes and improvements. Years later, it spread throughout Westphalia. The main plants were located in lower Saxony, which lasted until 1806.
The color of the horses, as it turned out later, could be any, but at the same time uniform. A distinctive feature of Hanover is the presence of characteristic white spots. The small size of the head has clear edges and a shape that looks contrasted against the background of the neck. The eyes are large and slightly convex. The neck is rather long, the shoulders are slightly wider than the average size, the withers are expressive. Massive and strong case. The structure of the horse is muscular, the legs are graceful. The tail is firmly set. On average, the growth of animals ranged from 1.6 to 1.68 m. Some representatives reached 1.76 m at the withers.
The breed of Hanoverian horses was born in the heart of Germany - Elector Hanover
Horses are used in equestrian sports. Especially the breed has distinguished itself in show jumping and dressage, so competitive horse breeds are famous for their Hanover. Horses are ideal for riding and sports riding. Among the features, one can single out tremendous power and strength even with a little playfulness. Horses are maneuverable and mobile, make powerful jumps.
The Hanover breed has an appearance and physique that are very close to ideal. Their appearance is much like a purebred riding horse, which was bred in England. Hanover has a shorter front part and a higher withers. Unlike English, the Germanic breed has a deeper chest with backward ribs.
Horses are used in equestrian sports.
Hanover is a very attractive and noble horse, and with this they impress. Their distinguishing feature is graceful light movements. The most common colors: black, gray, red and bay. There is an abundance of white spots on the body. Most of the representatives of the Hanoverian type are horses with a straight profile, in rare cases the profile is slightly curved - "ram."
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Hanover breed (video)
Gallery: Hannover breed of horses (25 photos)
Character and temper
Representatives of the Hanover breed are famous for their solid and persistent character. But at the same time, temper can be aggressive. Before crossing individuals, the character is tested. For breeding, only high-quality representatives who have a balanced temperament are selected.
But in general, the character is considered complaisant, as the horse is half-blood and took a little from each breed. Basically, their temper is a mixture of temper and obedience. It would seem that these are 2 incompatible things, but such a breed can combine them. Thus, any obstacles and barriers for her are not a problem, since the horse will move with a special fuse, and in some cases with aggression. At the same time, the Hanover obey their riders and carefully follow all directions.
Hannover horse (video)
A bit of history
Hanover breed is considered very old. Her story originated in ancient times. The first time Hanoverian horses were mentioned in the VIII century A.D. The story “The Battle of Poitiers”, which describes the events of the battle between the Frankish army of Karl Martell and the army of the Arab caliphate, mentions these animals as strong and powerful stallions. The Hanoverian stallion actively acted as a combat unit. Due to its massive physique, a horse could easily carry a person and kill enemies, trampling them along the road. According to experts, horses were created using crosses of two breeds: Eastern and Spanish.
The breed of Hanoverian horses developed at the same time as the war, so horses possess the appropriate qualities and characteristics that were required for fighting. In the Middle Ages, people focused on the strength and endurance of the Hanover, and it was thanks to this that horses could transport huge loads and soldiers in heavy armor over very long distances. The breed has been popular for many years, but over time the principles and conditions of hostilities have changed. People needed a more lightweight version of the horse, which was lighter, more maneuverable and faster, while the Hannover horses were powerful, but rather slow.
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Representatives of the Hanover breed regained their former glory at the beginning of the XVIII century. In 1714, the British government changed. George I came to power. After 20 years, he was replaced by George II, who decided to create a stud farm in the administrative center of Lower Saxony. It all started with the fact that 15 stallions from Spain were purchased. Over time, relations between Hanover and the United Kingdom improved.
In 1740, the stock increased due to wide imports. Already in 1760 their number exceeded 50 individuals, and by 1810 - 100 individuals. During the development of the breed, people sought to create the perfect horse, which would be universal. At the same time, manufacturers tended to be larger in order to subsequently actively use the horse in agriculture, in war and in transporting goods and people.
When the Napoleonic wars began (1803-1815), the Hanoverian population suffered a serious blow. The breeding of horses temporarily stopped, and after the resumption it was no longer so productive. Thus, in 1817, out of 120 stallions, only 35 individuals survived. To try to recover large losses, imports from the UK in even larger quantities were resumed. Experts continued to improve the Hanover breed by crossing with representatives of purebred riding horses.
At this point, the Hanoverian breed was divided into 2 types, which, although they were similar, were very different in quality. The first type consisted of crossed Arab and English thoroughbred stallions. Such horses were called noble. The second type consisted of less graceful representatives who were large, rough and not so thoroughbred.
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The year 1860 for the Duchy of Hanover was distinguished by an increase in the number of representatives of the Hanover breed. At that time, their stock was over 300. This event served as an impetus for the opening of the first German racecourse, which was intended for training and testing of horse breeds. But, as time has shown, the races did great harm, so they had to be canceled in 1863.
The Hanover breed has been bred intensively and purposefully since 1840. This time is famous for its indicators in their number and quality. After 40 years, it was decided to establish a pedigree book of Hanoverian individuals. By 1920, they had already gained their popularity and took serious positions. In the same year, they decided to apply the stigmatization of representatives of Hanover. The selection was controlled by the state, carefully monitoring and carrying out any work regarding the withdrawal of Hanover. The year 1921 was distinguished by the fact that the authorities established a huge factory that was engaged in the cultivation of stallions. At the same time, all kinds of tests and tests of representatives of the Hanoverian type were actively conducted.
Not everyone was allowed to mate. With the help of strict veterinary control and testing for working qualities, the best representatives of the breed were selected. Also taken into account the origin, appearance, character, etc. The one who received the highest scores in all respects could be allowed to mate.
After the Second World War, the direction in breeding works has changed dramatically. The priorities in the breed type have also changed. The army and agriculture no longer needed such horses and soon completely got rid of them. At this time, Germany was focusing on equestrian sport due to the fact that 1945 was a reference point in the serious development of this sport. Such a sphere needed light and maneuverable horses. The former representatives of the breed did not fit because of their massiveness and inactivity. Over time, specialists have developed a modern Hanoverian breed, which is considered noble and has several advantages.
Today, the Hanoverian horse is found everywhere. Any international competition will not do without representatives of a noble breed. Considering that dressage and show jumping competitions are still very popular, Hanover is in great demand. Today, many countries of the world are engaged in their breeding. Russia also set about breeding by building the Kaliningrad stud farm. Representatives of noble horses are on a par with expensive sports breeds.