Fever in cats can be caused by various reasons that must be diagnosed. In the presence of heat, the pet's condition worsens, which requires urgent measures. To reduce the temperature, you can use a complex of home remedies, as well as give the animal the drugs that the doctor prescribed.
What temperature is normal in cats
The temperature in cats, unlike humans, is considered normal in the range from 37.8 to 39 degrees. Higher values indicate a pathological process or overheating of the body. It is impossible to ignore the temperature increase, since the cause can be a serious pathology.
Normally, the cat's body is designed in such a way that excess heat is eliminated naturally through the skin and respiratory system. If the pet is sick, then this process of thermoregulation is violated.
Normal body temperature in a cat is ensured by the body's natural thermoregulation
Normal temperatures are the same for all breeds. In hairless cats, the average values also do not change.
Causes of Pet Heat
When the body overheats and stresses, the cat's body temperature does not exceed 40 degrees. In most cases, the cause of the fever may be a viral or bacterial infection that proceeds in an acute form. The chronic course of pathologies is rarely accompanied by fever. Toxin can provoke a violation of thermoregulation, which accumulate in the body in the presence of parasites, protozoa and bacterial flora.
The temperature in a cat often rises with the introduction of a bacterial or viral infection
The following diseases and pathological conditions contribute to fever (hyperthermia):
- inflammatory pathologies of ENT organs:
- urinary tract infections:
- food poisoning;
- severe injuries;
- fungal skin lesions;
- severe allergic reactions.
The processes of necrosis (death) of tissues in the body can also provoke an increased temperature in the animal, therefore, in the presence of heat, it is necessary to show the pet to the veterinarian.
Pet fever is often accompanied by apathy, lack of activity, and decreased appetite. The animal can even refuse water and spend most of the time lying on its side. At the same time, the cat often hides from the owner in a secluded place where no one will bother her:
- If the pet has additional diarrhea and vomiting, then this may indicate food poisoning or acute gastrointestinal diseases: ulcer, pancreatitis and liver damage. In this case, tachycardia may also occur, the hair of the animal loses its luster and falls off.
With an increase in temperature, pet apathy and lack of appetite are often observed
- If the pet does not allow to touch the stomach and reacts to any attempt with a plaintive meow or aggression, then this behavior indicates abdominal pathology.
- With an increase in temperature, you need to examine the skin of the pet. In the presence of sores, wounds and rashes, tick-borne encephalitis, lichen, or severe allergic reactions can be suspected.
If the animal refuses water, it is important to immediately consult a doctor, since dehydration can cause death. This is especially necessary if fever is accompanied by diarrhea.
How to determine the temperature in an animal
An indicator of a cat's fever is the nose. If he is cool and wet, then the pet is healthy. A warm and dry nose indicates hyperthermia. However, this method does not make it possible to determine the exact data. In order to measure the temperature of an animal, a mercury or electronic thermometer is required.
A dry and warm nose in a cat can be, for example, after sleep. But this does not mean the pet is unwell. This symptom should be considered in conjunction with other symptoms.
First of all, you need to prepare any available remedy that will help you easily and painlessly insert the thermometer into the rectum. It can be Levomekol ointment, petroleum jelly or baby cream. Before the procedure, the pet should be fixed carefully, wrapped in a towel. It is good if someone helps, as it is difficult to do it yourself, especially when the cat is aggressive.
To measure temperature, you can use both electronic and mercury thermometers.
After fixation, the tip of the thermometer must be greased with any of the listed means and carefully introduced into the animal’s anus to a depth of no more than 1 cm. If we are talking about a standard mercury thermometer, you will have to wait from three to five minutes. Electronic thermometers cope with the task faster. After measuring the temperature, the device must be carefully removed from the rectum.
A cat’s body temperature is measured rectally.
It is necessary to introduce a thermometer smoothly and smoothly, such actions will avoid injuring the rectum.
Video: how to measure the temperature of a pet
What can be done at home
With a slight increase in temperature, it is not necessary to take any measures, but even this does not cancel the trip to the doctor. If the cat has a strong fever, then you can use tincture of echinacea, which stimulates the body's defenses. For 1 kg of weight, 1 ml of the drug should be:
- The required amount of tincture should be mixed with boiled water (1 tbsp. L.).
- To collect liquid in a syringe without a needle and give the pet forcibly.
- To use the product more than 1 time per day is not recommended.
Echinacea tincture stimulates the immune system
Additionally, you can use a solution of Regidron, which will fill the deficiency of fluid in the body of the pet and improve its well-being, preventing dehydration. 1 sachet needs to be filled in with 1 liter of water and mix thoroughly. Give a solution of 20 ml 3-4 times a day forcibly.
Regidron makes up for fluid deficiency in the body
To reduce the body temperature of the pet, it is not recommended to give non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: Ibuprofen, Nurofen, Diclofenac, etc. Such drugs can trigger the occurrence of bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract, especially when taken on an empty stomach.
Once a cat fell ill with me, which I determined by characteristic signs. Kesha did not get up, and his nose was warm. In this case, for lack of experience, she turned to a neighbor, an inveterate catnip. With me, she measured the temperature of a pet by inserting a mercury thermometer into his anus. As it turned out, my pet had fever, the cause of which was inflammation of the kidneys, which was clear from the long sitting of the animal on the tray. In this case, the treatment was carried out with antibacterial drugs prescribed by the veterinarian. Soon the cat became much better, he began to play and run.
To reduce the temperature of the pet, you can use cool water, which you need to moisten the animal's paws. However, in no case should a cat be bathed during illness. Cool water should be used not only externally, but also given to the pet inside with a syringe every few hours, 10–20 ml to prevent dangerous consequences.
If the temperature approaches 41 degrees, it is recommended to wipe the cat's paw pads with vodka or alcohol every hour (it should be diluted halfway with water). For the same purpose, 4% apple cider vinegar diluted with water can be used 1: 1. This procedure will alleviate the condition of the animal and help to slightly bring down the temperature.
Apple cider vinegar can be used to wipe the pet's paws.
In extreme heat, you can apply ice wrapped in a towel to the body of the pet, avoiding the abdomen. Use such a tool can only be emergency. Applying it regularly is not recommended. To alleviate the condition of the pet, you can turn on the air conditioner, but in such a way that only a few degrees lower the temperature in the room.
Some cat breeders recommend a way to get rid of the heat with massage. It is necessary to feel the area under the knee bend from the outside of the hind leg. Then massage this area for 5 minutes. This area is responsible for thermoregulation and will slightly reduce the manifestations of heat.
Video: what to do if your pet has a fever
When to contact your veterinarian
If the pet’s temperature is 41 degrees, it is important to consult a doctor immediately. You can not hesitate, otherwise the consequences can be the most sad. In addition, expert advice is also important when the cat has a temperature of 40 degrees, but lasts more than a day. Immediate hospitalization is needed in case of fever, which is accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea. In this case, dehydration can occur in the shortest possible time and cause death.
In a clinic, the doctor is able to identify the cause. For these purposes, the veterinarian takes blood from the veins of the animal, and also examines the skin. To eliminate bacterial and viral infections, the doctor prescribes antibiotics and immunostimulants. The most effective way to administer the drug is by injection. It allows you to quickly eliminate the focus of infection and bring down the temperature. For therapy, it is often used:
Sinulox is used to eliminate bacterial infections
To eliminate a viral infection, it is prescribed:
These drugs stimulate the body's defenses, contributing to the activation of T-lymphocytes that inhibit the reproduction of viral particles. At the end of the course of treatment, vitamin complexes and various feed additives are prescribed to accelerate recovery.
Gamavit stimulates the immune system and allows you to quickly rid the cat of heat
To reduce the temperature provoked by a severe allergic reaction, intramuscular injections of Dexamethasone are used. The dose and course of treatment is determined by the doctor, depending on the severity of the symptoms. Glucocorticosteroids in the heat are often administered once, since these drugs can also provoke undesirable reactions.
Dexamethasone is used to eliminate allergies and fever.
In rare cases, the cat is prescribed Analgin in combination with diphenhydramine at a temperature that exceeds 41 degrees. In this case, both solutions are mixed and administered intramuscularly. For 1 kg of weight, 0.01 mg of diphenhydramine and 0.05 mg of analgin should be accounted for. However, in each case, the dosage is determined by the doctor. Self-medication is not recommended.
Analgin has an analgesic and antipyretic effect
The course of treatment at high temperature can be from 5 to 7 days, depending on the nature of the provoking factor. Viral infections require longer therapy than bacterial infections.
It is forbidden to give acetylsalicylic acid and paracetamol to a cat during heat.
An increase in body temperature in cats should alert the owners, as this can be a sign of a serious pathology. To get rid of the heat, you can use home remedies in combination with medication. However, without prior consultation with a doctor, drug therapy is not recommended.