Stopping ears in dogs is most often a cosmetic procedure. Less often, it is carried out for medical reasons. In Europe, they abandoned this procedure 3 decades ago, gradually and in our country the number of stopping operations is reduced. Why expose an animal to an unpleasant operation if there is absolutely no need for this?
What happened to stopping
The owner who acquires a puppy belonging to such breeds as the pit bull , Doberman , Schnauzer, Pinscher, Alabai , Dwarf Pinscher, boxer , Cannes Corso , Giant Schnauzer faces the choice - to stop the puppy's ears or not. Many justify the operation by observing the breed’s exterior standards, while others justify the traditions that existed in ancient times, when the fighting and hunting dog breeds were cropped ears to protect them from damage in fights.
Is it so? Interesting historical research in this area. Despite the fact that the antiquity of the tradition is confirmed by frescoes in Ancient Egypt and the image engraved on the ancient Greek coin (V century BC), and at that time there was a debate about the need for such violence against animals.
A traveler from the ancient Greek city of Pylos described his impressions of visiting Rome. In notes dated V century. BC e., he mentions the brutal habit of the Romans to cut ears and tails of dogs. It was believed that thus prevent the disease of animals with rabies.
In medieval Europe, a tax on dogs was introduced, depending on their "specialization." In order to distinguish which animal is “how much”, ears, tails or tails and ears were cut off.
In 1987, they published the "Convention on the Rights of Pets." It was forbidden to carry out cosmetic operations not justified by medical necessity.
Indications for stopping the ears of a dog
The indication for the operation to stop the ears, in addition to aesthetic reasons (observing the norms of the exterior and giving a formidable look), are the medical grounds:
- necrosis of the auricle;
Basically, ear stopping is a tribute to fashion or stereotypes of the appearance of a particular breed, which civilized society has long abandoned. But if the owner intends to exhibit the dog in countries that have not signed the Convention, or according to the concepts of aesthetics, decides to shape the ears of the animal, then you should first learn all the features of the operation and postoperative care of the puppy.
Good to know: ear diseases in dogs .
What you need to know
- Now the cosmetic procedure for stopping is carried out not only in the veterinary clinic, but also at home. There is such a service - a specialist’s departure to the house.
- Veterinarians advise to stop the ears at a time when the cartilage is not yet fully formed, but the animal can already undergo the procedure.
- The operation is carried out for puppies at 2-3 months of age and up to 1 year old.
- Ears form decorative rocks a little earlier, and giant ones - a little later.
- For puppies up to 3-4 weeks, it is more difficult to evaluate future sizes and make the shape proportional. In addition, removal of part of the auricle is best done after the puppy 's first vaccination .
Dog stopping procedure
The operation is performed under general anesthesia, so it is necessary to prepare the animal so that the procedure goes without consequences. Before surgery, the dog should not be fed for at least 10 hours. The puppy must be completely healthy.
The animals are operated under local potentiated anesthesia. For this, novocaine and antipsychotic are used. In some cases, dogs are operated on under general anesthesia. On the operating table, a muzzle is put on the dog, paws are fixed, the body is held so that the animal does not move.
The veterinarian cuts and shaves the hair, treats the ears with an antiseptic solution and draws a cut line or fixes a special pattern. The drug clamp presses blood vessels, which reduces bleeding. Before applying the patterns, the skin on the auricle shifts to the base of the ear as much as possible. Marking risks are applied to the ear clip to accurately measure the amputated portion of the ear.
The operation is performed using a scalpel. If the ears of the animal are fleshy, large, then the blood vessels are cauterized.
After the ear is stopped, the wound edge is sutured with a skin suture and treated with antibacterial drugs. The whole procedure takes from 30 minutes. up to 1.5 hours. Also, special glue is used to close the wound surface.
With pit bulls and Staffordshire terriers, their ears stop at 2/3. The dogs and Dobermans leave rather long auricles, giving them a pointed shape. There is also a fashion on the edge of the ear. It can be straight or S-shaped.
4 types of stopping ears in dogs
The doctor calculates the length of the ear, depending on the length of the muzzle. Representatives of the same breed may have different lengths of ears. The ideal size of the stump is the distance from the outer corner of the eye to the front surface of the ear.
In addition to certain standards for each breed, there are acceptable options, from which the owner of the animal chooses.
Dog care in the postoperative period
In order for the animal not to damage the seam, as well as for those breeds that make standing ears after the operation, it is necessary to put on a special collar made of plastic on the pet. To give the ears a "standing" shape, they are glued or impose a special frame. If the dog is anxious, then right after the operation she can be given pain medication.
Seams are processed in several ways:
- hydrogen peroxide and brilliant green;
- alcohol infusion of calendula;
It is extremely accurate to follow the recommendations of the veterinarian in the postoperative period and clean the edge of the ear from the scab, soaking it with peroxide and carefully removing it with a swab. To relieve itching and easier to remove crusts, you can use Levosin ointment. As a rule, the stitches are removed after a couple of weeks. If improper healing occurs, you need to consult a specialist to avoid stump deformation.
The procedure for stopping should be carried out in a veterinary clinic, and not trust random "specialists." The dog should be in a calm, comfortable environment. The apartment needs to be kept clean so that the dog’s ears are not infected.
After the seams have completely healed, they are engaged in setting up the ears. Since the methods differ in different breeds, it is better to consult a specialist in advance - how to do this correctly.
3-4 days after the seams were removed, you can massage the sink. To do this, grab the ear with the thumb and forefinger and massage it with rubbing movements, moving from bottom to top. If you follow all the instructions of a veterinarian, then healing will pass quickly and without complications.