Dogs can catch mice and rats no worse, and sometimes better, than cats. For this purpose, several breeds were even specially bred, which they call it: rat-catcher dogs.
The story of the appearance of Pied Piper dogs
For a long time, fighting rats was vital for humans, which not only destroyed crops and supplies, but also spread deadly diseases. Therefore, at different times in different countries breeds of rat-catcher dogs were deliberately bred - such helpers bravely fought rats in the home and in the stable, on the ship and in the barn.
Experienced Pied Piper dogs have always been highly valued.
Selection was based on one of the basic instincts of all canids - hunting. Animals of this family willingly mouse both in winter and in summer - not so much for fun, but for a freshly caught dietary supplement. They dig holes, and when the rodent gets outside, they bounce high and kill it with its paw.
Photo gallery: how canids hunt mice and rats
- The fox is the most sophisticated hunter for mice and other rodents
- Almost all rural dogs are fed mice and rats
- And city dogs, too, do not deny themselves the pleasure of thinking
- A mouse vole for a wolf on one tooth, but ten mice are already something
In the nineteenth century, dog and rat competitions were very popular in England - gentlemen contemplated these bloody spectacles and made their bets. I must say that the dogs did not always remain alive and whole after such fierce fights. An absolute record was set by a dog named Dzeko in 1862 - this little terrier killed a hundred rats in 5 minutes 28 seconds.
In English cities, special shows were held, where rat-catchers dealt with hordes of rats
Features of this breed group
Most canine breeds, initially oriented toward rat control, have similar qualities:
- small dimensions;
- passionate and fearless nature;
- sharpened instinct;
- quick response;
- very strong teeth and claws.
Rat hunters must be strong, brave and smart
Varieties of breeds of Pied Piper dogs
Most dogs in the group of Pied Piper belong to terriers - small, but brave and gambling warriors . But other dog breeds were used to catch rodents.
Ratlik (Prague rat)
The average weight of the rats is 2.5 kg - this is one of the smallest breeds. But the ratlik is confident that he is a huge and formidable dog, and behaves accordingly, sometimes provoking dogs to a fight much larger than himself. Playful and funny pet. The main problem for him is hypothermia, the baby must be protected from drafts and provided with warm clothes for the winter.
The rat rat fearlessly rushes at the rats, and it’s ready to seep behind the mouse into any gap
The average weight of the rat is about 8 kg, but larger individuals are also found. He has enough strength, intelligence and courage to control even several rats at once. The dog must undergo a training course, otherwise its behavior may become uncontrollable. But a well-mannered rat is a sweet family dog.
The rat terrier (from the English. Rat - rat) the British bred specifically for catching rats
Miniature Pinscher (Dwarf Pinscher)
An inquisitive and sociable miniature pinscher does not exceed the size of an average cat. He is well trained and enthusiastically engaged in any kind of dog sport. The breed requires a lot of time and attention from the owner, because it does not tolerate loneliness.
Initially, pinschers were kept in the stables just to catch rats
The breed was bred in Belgium as a shepherd, but was used for various purposes, including for fighting rodents. A small sturdy schipperke (schipperke) is the owner of thick wool and cheerful disposition. An excellent companion and watchman, likes to bark - for a long time, loudly and loudly.
Schipperke is a brave guard, and at the same time a clever pied piper
The Miniature Schnauzer is a German breed, the smallest of their ministers. At first he served in the stables - he fought with rats. Now - an athlete, companion and just handsome. Certain difficulties are the care of wool, but it does not smell and does not fade.
Despite the weight of 4–8 kg, the miniature is a great guard: smart, alert, fearless
Yorkshire Terrier (York)
It's hard to believe, but the glamorous, half-lives of Yorkshire Terriers spending in papillots began their dog career just like the Pied Piper. The quarrelsome character is still preserved in these cute babies with silk wool. Yorkies strive to become leaders in the family, and this sometimes creates problems.
Yorkshire Terrier (York) retained a pronounced hunting instinct
Jack Russell Terrier
Jack Russell - an excellent hunter, athlete and watchman - not a single mouse or rat dares to cross the borders of your site. Very active, requires a long walk with outdoor games.
Jack Russell Terrier catches burrowing animals on the hunt, and on the site - all, without exception, rodents
We have a rare breed of British origin. The average weight of a male is 7–8 kg, wire-type wool, it needs to be trimmed. Loyal to the owners, with strangers can behave warily and even aggressively.
Lakeland Terriers hunted with hounds and protected the shepherd from rats and foxes
There are legends about the "reckless" courage of these little terriers - even large dogs try not to mess with them. But in the circle of his family, the cores are affectionate, patient and friendly. The breed is suitable for those who prefer an active lifestyle.
Cairn Terrier is a short, but nimble burrow hunter who once saved European cities from rat invasion
The small fox terrier is a skillful fox hunter (fox), but all normal animals fall into his circle of interests: mice and rats as well. This dog has a stiff coat and no less stiff character. Fox needs to be raised from puppyhood, otherwise he imagines himself the main thing in the house.
Fox Terrier - a small dog with a serious character
Dachshunds are quite different both in length and quality of wool, and in its color. But all of these short-legged peppers have the same character - they are smart, fearless, passionate and stubborn up to stubbornness.
Dachshunds are burrow hunters who will not allow rats to stay on their territory
This small, sturdy dog with an average weight of 10 kg is a born hunter. It cannot be kept in the same house with other animals: cats, rabbits, parrots and, of course, any rodents will become prey for the yagdterrier.
The yagd terrier will quickly clean the area not only of rats and mice, but also of moles
Video: dog catches rats
Probably, any dog can be taught to catch rats, but modern methods of deratization are effective and allow you to abandon the four-legged helpers.