If English pointers, German kurtshaars and drathaars, Hungarian vyzhls are found, griffins, marriages are quite rare specimens, then the Turkish pointers, or catalburuns, aka “Vilkonos”, are the rarest representatives of the canine world, which, in their homeland, in Turkey, is a great success. . Even many experienced dog breeders have not heard of such amazing dogs, a feature of which is a bifurcated nose. At first glance, such a nose may seem like an anomaly of development, but in fact it’s an excellent device that can sensitively pick up the subtlest smell.
Origin of breed
The first recorded data on dogs that look similar to modern catalburun date back to around 1650. Researchers believe that the development of the breed took place for a long time in the Turkish province of Mersin. The official homeland of the Catalburuns is the city of Tarsus.
During the research, it was found that the closest relative of the Turkish Pointer was the old-Spanish Pointer - in Spanish, perdiguerro navarro. The main characteristic that distinguishes ancestors and catalburuns is the unique structure of the nose.
It is not known for certain when breeding occurred, but scientists are leaning towards the period when Spain, including Mersin, located on the coast of the Mersin Gulf, was under the rule of the Abassid (Baghdad) caliphate - from the 18th century, and after the Ottoman Port period.
Unfortunately, despite the excellent qualities of hunters, Turkish pointers did not spread outside Turkey.
Catalburun breed description
As already noted, this is a gun dog, which, thanks to excellent hunting instincts, high learning ability and sensitive sense of smell, was actively used for hunting game birds, mainly partridges. Like other pointers, the dog helps the hunter - it detects game and takes a special stance, quietly indicating to the owner where it is. And then he carefully brings him a wounded animal.
The Catalburuns have external similarities with other pointers, but since the breed is not recognized by the International Cynological Federation due to its low prevalence, today there is no single standard that describes the breed requirements and appearance of Turkish pointers. Therefore, the description of these amazing dogs is given only by breeders, of whom there are very, very few.
Modern catalburun is a harmoniously built, well muscled, agile and energetic dog of medium size. It is completely covered with short hair. Already with a cursory glance, a resemblance to old-Spanish or English pointers is clearly visible.
In addition to a sensitive sense of smell, the dog has the ability to develop great speed and move for a long time without slowing down. It is believed that in hunting for game birds they have no equal in Turkey.
The dimensions of the “forklings” practically do not differ from the sizes of the average representative of the species, and the parameters of the females and males are almost the same. The height of the females at the withers does not exceed 62 cm, weight varies from 14 to 22 kg, males - 63 cm, they weigh about 18-25 kg.
The description of the parameters is as follows:
- The head is of medium size, proportional to the overall physique, slightly elongated, with a rounded forehead, the stop is noticeable - it creates a smooth line without sharp transitions. The occipital protuberance is well developed, the nasal bridge of a decent width.
- The muzzle is uniform over almost the entire length, ending in a large lobe with a distinctly bifurcated, deep groove. Such a structure is not pathological in nature and is in no way connected with a congenital anomaly of development - cleft palate (cleft lip), which occurs not only in humans, but also in animals, including dogs. In some representatives of the breed, the two parts of the nose may not be in contact, in this case it seems that the pointer has two noses. As already noted, such a “forked stalk” is the main breed feature of catalburuns. Some experts suspect that this feature is the result of hard inbreeding. The color of an unusual lobe depends on the color of the coat.
- The dog’s lips are soft, thin, create small brules, giving the dog a confident, serious look. The jaws are strong, with a strong grip, the teeth are complete, covered with white, strong enamel, close into the correct bite by the type of “scissors”.
- The eyes are not small, oval or with an almond-shaped incision, deepened in the middle, widely spaced. The color of the iris can be any, but usually it harmonizes with the overall exterior of the animal.
- Auricles are located high, have the form of triangles with rounded ends. The form is hanging. The ears are not fleshy, rather thin, when the dog is calm, they hang below the lower jaw.
- The head goes into a high set, muscular, medium length neck, no suspension. The body is slightly elongated, but individuals of a denser physique are found, their body is close to a square format.
- The backbone is strong, strong, and the chest is well developed.
- The back is not short, moderately wide, the line of the back is straight, even. Passes into the muscular lumbar belt and wide, inclined croup. The line of a stomach is tightened.
- The tail is high, dry, characterized by elasticity and flexibility, in a calm state reaches the hock joints. Often the owners of the "forklings" prefer to stop the tail of the dog, but in this case 3/4 of the length remains.
- The limbs are straight, well muscled - especially the hind legs, with a strong bone. Paws have a rounded shape, compactly assembled into a lump, fingers are well developed, tightly pressed.
The quality of the coat and possible colors
The entire body of the Turkish Point is uniformly covered with stiff, short hair. The hair is thin, elastic, the natural shine of the coat is externally noticeable. The colors are not strictly regulated and you can find, if you are lucky, a catalburun with any color of coat.
More often than not, the main tone of the coat of these dogs is white; small dark specks are scattered on it, located throughout the body. With light colors, dogs often have clearly defined, bright monotonous spots - reddish, brown, reddish-brown or dark brown, up to almost black.
Characteristics of Turkish Pointers
Since dogs of this breed are rare even at home, their characteristic features can again be judged by the records of the breeders. Catalburuns for a long time lived with people, helped them in hunting and life. Therefore, they, like all pointers, are well-oriented to humans, but are not used to serving.
Dogs have a sense of dignity, they are calm and balanced. Such a pet will always find a common language with the younger members of the family, he loves playing with children and even being with them for a pointer is a great pleasure.
As with other hunting breeds, problems arise when other animals invade the dog’s territory. “Vilkonos” doesn’t favor other people's dogs too much, and if it can be polite on a neutral site, then it will not be hospitable in its yard. As for the smaller living creatures, it causes a passion for hunting in the dog.
Congenital territoriality allows the use of dogs of this breed as watchmen. They are vigilant, incredulous and very sensitive. The Turkish Pointer is a dog of one owner, he is loyal to the owner, perfectly submits to him, is friendly to the rest of the family, but can be aggressive towards strangers.
Training and education of catalburun
All pointers need education and socialization, otherwise their behavior may be far from ideal. As for the "forklifts," they are perfectly trained, and even a beginner can deal with them. Thanks to obedience, curiosity and activity, the dog quickly learns commands. In addition, the ability to unquestioningly carry out tasks makes a catalburun the best assistant for hunting.
The Turkish Pointer has highly developed intelligence and working qualities. If most representatives of the hunting breeds can be used in a real hunt not earlier than one and a half, or even two years, then the "forked" is already at 6-7 months able to skillfully "raise" the game and bring wounded animals.
In addition to hunting, these dogs do an excellent job with the role of companion - unobtrusive and positive. In addition, representatives of this rare breed can be used in rescue operations, as search engines - their scent will not miss a single narcotic substance for the police service.
How to care for such an original pet
The Turkish Pointer is an unpretentious pet, its short coat does not require special care. During seasonal molting, the dog should be treated with a special rubber or silicone glove every 2-3 days, removing dead hairs. The rest of the time, it is enough to comb the dog with a massage brush once a week so that the coat shines and does not form tangles.
Catalburun is quite active during walks and quite often returns home in the mud. If the dirt is insignificant, then the pet can be wiped with a napkin or a damp cloth. Otherwise, you can not do without water procedures. If the dog is kept in the house, then from a puppy's age you should teach him to wash his paws after walking.
Working dogs more often than others are infected with external parasites - fleas, ticks and other blood-sucking insects. After each hunt, the pet should be inspected for “uninvited guests” and timely measures taken, not forgetting regular maintenance.
The ears of the "forklift" are hanging, which means they are poorly ventilated, which can cause inflammation. At least once a week, their condition should be assessed and, if necessary, cleaned with a cotton pad dipped in warm water or an antiseptic solution, stopping the spread of infection.
The average life expectancy of Turkish pointers is 12-14 years. These are relatively healthy dogs with strong immunity, and the list of diseases to which they are prone is very modest. Another nuance - the breed is small and poorly studied, which does not allow to reveal the full picture of genetic diseases.
For the most part, catalburuns show pathologies typical of all pointers:
- dysplasia of large joints;
- dermatological diseases - catalburuns have sensitive skin, so skin problems are often hereditary;
- disorders in the thyroid gland, causing hormonal disorders and imbalance;
- eye diseases.
A specific feature - a bifurcated nose, can cause difficulty breathing, as well as frequent inflammatory processes in the nasal cavity.
How and what to feed the "forklift"
Choosing the right diet, owners should consider that the pointer is a working dog, wasting a large amount of energy, which means that it needs to constantly replenish it. With natural feeding, the dog must eat meat - the source of animal protein, it is the basis of the diet.
The rest of the pet’s diet is vegetables - fresh and boiled, greens, cereals. Porridge is seasoned with vegetable oil, meat can be given in raw form, and offal - pre-cooked. Once a week, you can include eggs, kefir, cottage cheese, fish in the pet's menu.
The following foods are on the list of prohibited foods:
- confectionery and pastries;
- salinity and smoked meats;
- raw cereals and legumes;
The natural type of feeding provides for additional feeding in the form of a complex of vitamins, which make it possible to fill the daily need for useful minerals that cannot be obtained from food products and that support the pet's health in normal.
If the owner decides to feed the pet with production rations, then this should be a premium quality food or super-premium class, suitable for medium-sized active breeds. In addition, there are several rules that all owners of pointers adhere to:
- puppy food is not suitable for adults and vice versa;
- It is not recommended to frequently change the brand of feed and do it without any reason;
- mixing dry granules with natural products is not recommended, as well as giving several brands of food in one feeding;
- canned food is given separately, without adding porridge or other food.
Regardless of the type of feeding, you should provide your pet with enough clean water to drink.
At home (in Turkey) these dogs are kept mainly on the street, and these are ideal conditions for keeping a hunting dog. However, such a pet can be accustomed to apartment living, showing maximum patience and attentiveness.
Since any apartment or house will be cramped for such an energetic animal, the owner will have to walk with his pet for a long time so that he can use up excess energy. The Turkish pointer needs regular physical exertion, without them the pet can get sick, gain weight.
Catalburun is quite silent, he will not bark just like that or for any insignificant occasion. Therefore, the dog will not cause concern to neighbors.
Photo of catalburun
Acquisition of a catalburun puppy
Those who want to have a dog with a split lobe as a pet will encounter difficulties. Even at home, there are no more than two hundred purebred catalburuns. In other countries, there are no such dogs at all, or there are only a few of them. We are not talking about any pedigree clubs or nurseries, a few breeders are available only in Turkey.
Catalburun is the rarest representative of pointers, which has all the qualities inherent in hunting gun dogs. Of course, their appearance is very peculiar, and people react differently to it, but in most cases positively.
Future owners should consider - to start such a pet only because of its rarity and unusual nose is not recommended. After all, this is a working dog who loves hunting and any active events, which means that its owner must be active.