In acute allergic reactions, cats develop conditions that can provoke serious health consequences. In such cases, the drug Prednisolone comes to the rescue, which quickly and effectively eliminates a number of symptoms and improves the health of the pet. Such a medication has contraindications and can provoke undesirable reactions, so it is important to read the instructions before starting treatment.
Characterization of the drug Prednisolone for cats
Prednisolone is a glucocorticosteroid medication that has a pronounced antiallergic effect. Such a drug is used in cases where antihistamines are ineffective. The medicine relieves inflammation due to the effect on lymphocytes and the synthesis of prostaglandins. With drug therapy, the intensity of edema decreases and skin itching is eliminated.
Prednisolone tablets are intended for oral administration
This drug has an effect on metabolic processes in the body, so long-term therapy can provoke the appearance of extra pounds in a pet. The drug affects the functioning of the immune system, reducing its activity. This is important for the relief of symptoms and the progress of autoimmune pathologies. The medication also has an anti-shock effect, due to increased blood pressure and accelerated blood flow. This property helps to save the cat’s life in a number of emergency conditions in veterinary practice.
The drug is available in the form of tablets, ointments, drops, lyophilisate and solution. The manufacturer is an Indian company IPCA LABORATORIES Ltd. The active ingredient for all forms is prednisone. In addition to the active substance, the composition of the tablets includes:
- colloidal silicon dioxide - 0.65 mg;
- potato starch - 1 mg;
- stearic acid - 1.2 mg;
- magnesium stearate - 1.5 mg;
- talcum powder - 4.8 mg;
- povidone - 10 mg;
- corn starch - 73 mg;
- lactose monohydrate - 102.85 mg.
The ointment also contains:
- glycerol - 18.5 g;
- petroleum jelly - 14 g;
- stearic acid - 5 g;
- emulsifier No. 1 - 7 g;
- methyl parahydroxybenzoate - 0.08 g;
- propyl parahydroxybenzoate - 0.02 g;
- purified water - 54.9 g.
Prednisolone ointment is applied externally
The composition of the drops additionally includes special water. This form of release is currently not used for therapy, since the term for its state registration has expired. The lyophilisate is presented in the form of a powder that contains prednisolone hemisuccinate. This type of medication is also not used for the treatment of cats and is discontinued.
Auxiliary components for the solution:
- sodium metabisulfite;
- disodium edetate;
- sodium hydroxide;
- water d / and.
Prednisolone solution is used for injection
For the treatment of cats, tablets, ointment and injection are used. The specific form of release is determined by the doctor, depending on the disease and associated symptoms.
When a medication is prescribed
The drug is used to eliminate anaphylactic reactions, as well as for the treatment of allergic diseases, which are difficult to respond to standard therapy. The medication is prescribed for atopic dermatitis, osteochondrosis, eczema, endocrine disorders, rheumatoid arthritis, angioedema.
The drug can be used to eliminate allergic reactions in cats of unknown etiology.
The medicine is effective for bronchial asthma, as well as for diseases of the hematopoietic system: anemia, leukemia, agranulocytosis, etc. The drug is used in the complex treatment of ulcerative colitis, lung diseases and liver pathologies. The medication also helps with nephrotic syndrome and other kidney diseases.
The medicine allows you to save the life of a pet with cerebral edema associated with trauma or surgery. In this case, prednisone is injected.
How to use the medicine
Tablets should be given to the animal 1 time per day before meals or during. The dose is calculated based on weight: 0.3 mg should be per 1 kg of body weight. The tablet can be given whole or pre-crushed and mixed with water. Then, draw the fluid into a disposable syringe without a needle and give it to the pet, fixing it and opening the jaw. Also, the tablet can be mixed with a small amount of wet food. The course of treatment often does not exceed 7 days.
The tablet can be given to the cat as a whole or after preliminary grinding
The solution is administered intramuscularly to the pet. For 1 kg of body weight, 0.3 ml of the drug is needed. The drug is best injected into the thigh muscle. To do this, fix the cat's limb and massage it. The muscle usually rolls under the fingers, so finding it is not difficult. The needle must be inserted at a right angle of 1 cm. The solution must be released from the syringe very slowly, otherwise the animal may feel pain. Injections should be done 1 time per day for no more than 5 days.
Intramuscular injection should be carried out slowly and carefully.
Ointment is applied to affected areas of the skin 1-2 times a day. It is important to use a protective collar so that the cat does not lick the drug. The course of treatment with ointment should not exceed one week. The exact duration of therapy and the amount of medication should be agreed with the doctor.
Protective collar helps prevent ointment licking
Attention! In no case should you exceed the dose of the drug without prior consultation with the veterinarian, since it is possible to provoke a malfunction in the adrenal glands.
Used prednisolone in the form of an ointment to treat a cat that had a severe allergic reaction. Unfortunately, the reason was not found out. The veterinarian prescribed the drug after examination and collection of tests. My favorite was bothered by constant itching and rashes, due to which hair fell out. The cat licked and combed the affected areas, resulting in sores.
At first, Suprastin was used for treatment, but he did not give a result. Then she switched to prednisone. The ointment was applied only to the affected areas. Moreover, in a short time all the sores healed, and the animal stopped actively licking itself. I did not notice a side effect from therapy immediately, but at the end of the course of treatment it became clear that the cat had recovered greatly. Unfortunately, the symptoms returned after the end of the ointment.
What should be considered when working with the drug:
- Without the prescription of a doctor, it is not recommended to mix prednisolone and other medicines in the same syringe.
- At the time of treatment with the drug, postpone the vaccination of the pet.
- With prolonged therapy, it is important to monitor the level of blood pressure in the animal, this is especially important for older cats.
- In the presence of bacterial infections, the drug is recommended to be used in conjunction with antibiotics.
- The medication should be used with caution to treat kittens, especially when it comes to long-term therapy.
- In the absence of injection drug injection skills, it is best to give injections in a hospital setting or entrust the procedure to a medical professional.
- If the condition of the animal worsens during therapy, it is important to cancel the course and inform the doctor about it.
- Before the injection and when working with tablets, it is recommended to wear disposable gloves.
- For injections, it is best to use an insulin syringe with a short needle.
- Do not combine the drug with anticoagulants.
For injection, it is best to use an insulin syringe.
Attention! If the pet had a heart attack, then it is important to inform the doctor about this before starting treatment. Otherwise, the condition of the animal may deteriorate sharply during therapy.
Contraindications and negative reactions
For a single use of the drug, the only caveat is hypersensitivity to glucocorticosteroid medications. Contraindications for prolonged use:
- age less than 2 months;
- the period after vaccination;
- the presence of parasites in the body;
- fungal and viral infections;
- immunodeficiency pathologies;
- postoperative period;
- ulcerative lesions of the stomach;
- pancreas inflammation;
- colon inflammation;
- high blood cholesterol;
- post-infarction conditions;
- heart failure;
- jumps in blood pressure;
- lactation period.
The drug should not be used to treat pregnant cats
Adverse reactions that may occur during treatment with a medicine:
- impaired adrenal function;
- slow growth of kittens;
- stomach ache;
- stool disorders;
- decreased appetite.
In some animals, vomiting and diarrhea may occur during treatment with the drug. In rare cases, a stomach ulcer appears, as well as increased gas and hiccups. There may be slight interruptions in the work of the heart, which disappear after treatment is canceled. With prolonged therapy, cats may experience behavioral disorders characterized by increased activity, aggression, or, conversely, lethargy. The animal can also be disturbed by headaches and frequent urination.
With a predisposition to urolithiasis, a pet may develop calculi in the kidneys if given for a long time. Also, in some animals, blackheads and comedones appear, the condition of the coat can change. When taking medication, many cats get better, but this symptom is reversible. Body weight is restored after discontinuation of the drug.
Attention! Long-term therapy with prednisone is fraught with a deterioration of the immune system, in which the pet can easily catch any cold. During this period, it is important to ensure that the pet does not overcool and fully eat.
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|Title||Release form||Active component||Indications||Contraindications||Negative reactions||Possibility of use during pregnancy||Cost|
|Hydrocortisone||hydrocortisone acetate||To eliminate acute hypersensitivity reactions, traumatic shock, allergic diseases and inflammatory processes.|
- lesions of the cornea;
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- delayed wound healing;
- impaired renal function;
- endocrine diseases;
- disturbances in the work of the heart;
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|Dexamethasone||dexamethasone phosphate||To get rid of cerebral edema, inflammatory and allergic diseases, as well as for the treatment of endocrine disorders.|
- acute gastrointestinal diseases;
- myocardial infarction;
- intolerance to this line of tools.
- decreased immunity;
- stomach ache;
- digestive disorders.
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- dexamethasone phenylpropionate;
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|To eliminate the symptoms of bronchial asthma, anaphylactic reactions, burns and dermatological diseases.|
- the presence of parasites in the body;
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- high blood pressure.
- stool disorders;
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- loss of appetite;
- endocrine disorders;
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- Dexafort is specially designed for the treatment of animals
- Hydrocortisone may trigger digestive disorders
- Dexamethasone is not recommended for acute gastrointestinal diseases in a pet
Terms of sale and storage
The drug is a prescription, you can buy it in a pharmacy designed for people. The cost depends on the form of release. Approximate price:
- solution - from 100 rubles .;
- pills - from 114 rubles;
- ointment - from 30 rubles.
To accelerate recovery in severe dermatitis, the doctor in some cases prescribes simultaneous treatment with ointment and tablets.
The solution and ointment can be stored for 2 years, and tablets for 5 years. The drug should be kept in a dark place at a temperature not exceeding 25 degrees. This rule applies to all dosage forms.
Why does dermatitis occur in cats - video
Prednisone is an ambulance for a number of severe pathologies, accompanied by edema, inflammation and itching. You can use this medication only after passing the tests and as prescribed by the doctor, otherwise you can provoke a number of negative reactions from the body.