Class: according to FCI classification - group 2 (pinschers, schnauzers, molosses and Swiss mountain dogs. Section 2.2 molosses, mountain dogs)
Use: sled dog for carrying heavy loads. Water dog.
Color: black, black and white, brown
Sizes: growth at the withers: males - from 69 to 74 cm, bitches - from 63 to 69 cm; weight: males - up to 68 kg, bitches - up to 54 kg
Life span: 8-10 years
Adult Newfoundland - a large beautiful dog, a charming bear in a luxurious fur coat.
This is a patient and loving dog, calm and obedient, with unique grace, always holding on with extreme aristocracy and dignity, a true gentleman of a dog tribe.
Incredibly hardy and strong dog, quite capable in an instant to put the enemy on the shoulder blades, Newfoundland, however, is devoid of any aggression towards people and other animals
The birthplace of the dog is Newfoundland Island. But the very origin of Newfoundlands still causes a lot of controversy.
Among his ancestors are called and white bear dogs, who came here with the Vikings, and Tibetan mastiffs .
It seems plausible that Newfoundlands are the result of cross-breeding of primary native dogs with numerous European breeds that came to the island along with travelers - Neapolitan mastiffs , Molossians, Portuguese water, black Scottish shepherd dogs and others.
Well, the harsh northern climate of the Arctic became a tough breeder.
The newf will simply ignore the meaningless command or execute it in its own way
Character and Psychology
Devotion, kindness, amazing character, intelligence, friendliness and expressive appearance - Newfoundlands bribe their special character:
- lack of aggression - nature created them as an assistant to a person who, like the great Swiss and Bernese Mountain Dog, lives and works next to him. They will not work out as a good watchman - they are too good-natured, but immediately come to the rescue, natural heroism is one of the main features in their character. They are non-conflict, easily get along with other animals in the house, even acting as a guardian
- Monogamous - as a puppy, Newfoundland becomes attached to its owner, although more precisely - to the family where he lives. This attachment is for life, they are very hard on a change of owners, in a new family they can simply become isolated
- love for children - as in the case of bullmastiff and beauceron , kids can do almost anything with a newf, you can only envy such patience.
- socialization - they need communication, people, they are used to living next to them. They are not afraid of the city, trips and crowds.
- curiosity - newfies are not afraid of transport - for them it is interesting and informative, this is an adventure, they will always stick their nose where there is something new
- poise - they may seem inactive, even lazy, lethargic or phlegmatic. But right up to the moment when the threat to the owner arises - they immediately turn into a fast, lightning-fast lump of muscles
- intellect is a very, very smart dog with a grand memory, it can be easily trained and trained . At the same time, she often decides herself what to do best, sometimes even ignoring the orders of the owner
Newfoundland prefers the role of a gentle and caring nanny and rescuer, taking under his guardianship any living creature that falls into his field of vision
Newfs are born rescuers, they swim very well, pulling the victim to the shore, they are not afraid to jump into the water from a boat, to swim to a sinking with a life buoy.
Strong dogs, they can easily tow a boat, in the north they are actively used to transport heavy loads on a sleigh.
But still, their main purpose is a companion dog, a friend for the whole family.
Newfoundland is, first of all, a rescue dog, accustomed to making decisions and acting independently in critical situations
How to choose a puppy
A good puppy, like a small mountain dog , is agile, sociable, has a good appetite.
In addition, he has a shiny coat, no rashes, clean ears and eyes, a wet nose and a soft stomach.
An important indicator of the exterior is massive paws.
In addition, the Newfoundlands require attention tail, acting as a rudder when swimming - it should be wide at the base.
Signs of marriage - excessive aggressiveness, smoothness, malocclusion, non-standard color (any spots except white).
From such "fluffy lumps" of Newfoundland loyal family members and reliable rescuers will grow
Newfoundland wool requires regular grooming .
To protect the soft and thick undercoat from tangling, it is necessary to comb the hair 3-4 times a week.
For this you need a glove-massager and a furminator .
Koltuny (felted wool) can ruin the life of a dog - they cause itching and hurt the skin.
It is better to try to unravel them, cut dense woolen balls in extreme, completely neglected cases.
Newfoundlands molt abundantly all year round, but twice — in the fall and spring — they completely discard the undercoat, the amount of “creeping out” undercoat is striking in considerable volumes — the dog has to be combed daily.
To keep Newfoundland's fur as smooth and flawless, one should not forget about regular brushing of the pet with a hard brush
Newfoundland's wool is coated with natural lubricant; its composition helps repel water and dirt.
Therefore, these dogs themselves are clean and do not require frequent bathing.
On the contrary, too frequent water procedures (using special shampoos and other chemicals) adversely affect the dog’s coat - it becomes thinner, and the glands stop releasing natural lubricant.
Claws are sheared once or twice a month, as needed.
Caring for your ears and eyes is simple - they just need to be checked for secretions (this is a sure sign of infectious diseases) and wiped with a slightly damp cloth.
Newfoundlands are extremely calm, prone to a passive, measured lifestyle.
Other dog breeds that are not very active can be found in the article https://kot-pes.com/10-porod-sobak-dlya-lenivyx-xozyaev/
Given the tendency of the breed to be overweight, Newfoundland requires systematic physical activity - this will help to avoid obesity and the resulting health complications.
Therefore, you need to walk them at least twice a day - in the morning and in the evening.
Newfoundland is always against playing, fun to run and jump
For such a large and heavy dog, a slow and long run or just active walks is preferable.
Hyperactive classes such as agility Newfoundland is not suitable.
They can run in the company of other dogs, but if you provide them for a short time, they will immediately find a suitable place to lie down.
They can move a little energetically with children, but the older they get, the more passive they behave.
However, with all this, they are real fans of swimming, if there is a pond nearby (river, lake, even a swimming pool) - the dog will immediately go into the swim.
Puppies (8-10 weeks) are fed 4 times a day (breakfast, lunch, dinner and before bedtime) - half a cup (115 g) of special, for puppies, dry food , diluted with 15 g of distilled warm water.
If you notice that the puppy is gaining excess weight, the serving can be slightly reduced.
Having grown up (from 10 weeks to 3 months), the dog is fed at least 3 times a day (breakfast, lunch, dinner) - one and a half (345 g) cups of dry food for puppies with the addition of 45 g of distilled warm water.
An adult newf is fed 2 times a day, the daily norm is up to 1 kg of dry food, but the serving may vary depending on the activity and weight of the dog.
Foods specially formulated for Newfoundland are widely represented on sale, but when choosing natural nutrition, the following should be considered:
- meat should make up 40-50% of the dog’s diet, preference should be given to veal, beef, lamb or rabbit meat, pork and poultry meat are not recommended
- offal - liver and beef heart
- cereals - oatmeal and buckwheat, but the content of potatoes and rice should be minimized
- once a week you need to give sea fish (raw or boiled), but river - only boiled
- necessarily cottage cheese, 150 g will replace 100 meat
- natural oils can be added to food - this is useful for thick dog hair
- from vegetables - cabbage, including sauerkraut, carrots, a little beets
- greens - parsley, nettle, dill, salad. Scald with boiling water before serving
- bread - only in the form of crackers
- nothing hot, smoked, as well as sweets and chocolate
As with other massive, large breeds, the weak point of Newfoundlands is the musculoskeletal system, arthritis and hip dysplasia are very common.
Lack of mobility leads to dog obesity and heart disease. Other common health problems:
- eye diseases - cataract , eyelid inversion (entropion), eyelid inversion (ectropion)
- intestinal inversion (bloating)
- aortic stenosis
- ectopia of the ureters
Newfoundland is a companion dog and it is vital for him to be near a person
Like any northern dog, Newfoundlands do not tolerate heat, can easily get heat stroke.
At this time, they should be bathed more often, they should always have water in a bowl.
Useful information on how to properly water a dog can be found here: https://kot-pes.com/kak-pravilno-poit-sobaku/
The main signs of heat stroke are lethargy, a dry, warm nose, and loss of appetite.
The temperature of a healthy dog is within 38-39 degrees.
The dog is vaccinated for the first time at 9 weeks, and again at 12 weeks.
Adults are vaccinated once a year, it is better to maintain the interval, approximately at the same time.
10 days before the vaccination, worm preparations are given. All vaccinations must be recorded in the passport.
Due to the thick coat, membranes between the fingers and the love of swimming, Newfoundland is sometimes called a "diver"
The standard defines three types of Newfoundland color - brown, black and black and white.
So when choosing a partner for mating, you should choose a dog of the appropriate color.
Important: black and white Newfoundlands should not be knitted with brown.
Newfas love talking to people and other dogs.
Since black color is dominant in relation to others, homozygous dogs of black color are suitable for mating with individuals of other colors.
You can look at the most unusual colors of dogs in the article https://kot-pes.com/neobychnyy-okras-sobak/
Problems can occur in heterozygous black dogs obtained from parents of different colors.
In this case, the Newfoundland should be knitted exclusively with black individuals.
As an option - with the newfs of this color, if they have a recessive gene.
Newfoundland dog breed - a true friend and a courageous lifeguard: description, character, care
Adult Newfoundland - a large beautiful dog, a charming bear in a luxurious fur coat.