Ecology is a science of nature, which, first of all, studies the laws of interaction of living organisms with their environment. The founder of this discipline is considered to be E. Haeckel, who first used the concept of “ecology” and wrote works devoted to the problem of ecology. This science studies populations, ecosystems, and the biosphere as a whole.
The goals of modern ecology
We can talk for a long time about what ecology studies, what are its goals and objectives, so we will focus on the main thing. Based on various scientific studies, the main objectives of environmental science are as follows:
- the study of patterns and the development of rational interaction of people with the natural world;
- development of acceptable ways of interaction between human society and the environment;
- forecasting the impact of anthropogenic factors on the environment;
- preventing the destruction of the biosphere by people.
As a result, it all comes down to one question: how to preserve nature, because a person has already done so much damage to it?
Tasks of modern ecology
Previously, people organically fit into the natural world, revered it and only used it a little. Now human society dominates all living things on earth, and for this often people get paid by natural disasters. Probably earthquakes, floods, forest fires , tsunamis, hurricanes do not just happen. If people did not change the regime of rivers, cut down trees, did not pollute air, land, water, did not destroy animals, then some natural disasters might not have happened. To deal with the consequences of the consumer attitude of people to nature, ecology poses the following tasks:
- create the theoretical basis for assessing the state of all ecosystems on the planet;
- conduct population studies to control their numbers and help increase biodiversity;
- control changes in the biosphere;
- diagnose the dynamics of changes in all the constituent elements of ecosystems;
- improve the environment;
- reduce pollution;
- solve both global and local environmental problems .
These are far from all the tasks that modern ecologists and ordinary people face. It should be remembered that the conservation of nature directly depends on ourselves. If we take care of it, not only take it, but also give it back, then we can save our world from catastrophic destruction, which is more important than ever.