Dogs often have skin diseases: allergies, dermatitis, infection by insects and ticks. Lichen in dogs is one of the skin diseases called dermatophytosis. It is caused by fungi and other types of pathogenic microorganisms.
Dog deprivation is one of the skin diseases called dermatophytosis.
Causes of lichen in dogs
Every dog should know what lichen looks like in a dog. This is necessary so that the disease does not spread from sick animals to healthy ones. In addition, it is important to know that the ringworm that has appeared in a pet is contagious to humans. Therefore, it is not necessary to contact children and the elderly with a sick four-legged friend.
When treating depriving at home, adults need to take precautions, treat the room with bleach, and use gloves. Having found the symptoms of the disease, it is important not to delay the treatment.
The lichen itself is not life threatening, but the infected animal becomes a target for other pathogenic microorganisms.
What to do if signs of lichen are found? In such a situation, contacting a veterinarian and treatment should be immediate. Fungal colonies cannot be allowed to grow.
There are 2 ways of infection:
- the fungus is transmitted from a sick animal, if a healthy individual lay on a litter or ate from a patient’s bowl, played with toys;
- pathogenic fungus gets on the wool from the soil.
The risk of infection increases if the four-legged friend has a weakened immune system, which happens in such cases:
- The female has puppies for feeding.
- The postpartum period.
- Poor nutrition.
- Past viral disease.
- Oncological disease.
Lichen in dogs and cats is more common among young animals (under the age of one year) and in adults with weak immunity.
Every dog should know what lichen looks like in a dog
In a dog, the focus of the disease first appears in any one place, then spreads further through the body. The behavior of the animal changes: it becomes lethargic, apathetic. Depriving of the hair of dogs drops out, the skin becomes covered with crusts, cracks and peeling are possible. Most often, symptoms are observed on the extremities, muzzle and below the abdomen (underbelly), claws can crack. In a puppy, lichen appears on the head and limbs.
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Deprive cats and dogs (video)
Types of lichen in dogs
These types of dermatophytosis are differentiated:
- Pink lichen. This is the most dangerous species. From a sufficiently large spot called maternal plaque, small yellow-pink spots form. Bald skin is peeling. With such deprivation in dogs, drug treatment may not be necessary, because the disease often goes away on its own after 1-1.5 months.
- Ringworm (trichophytosis). It is trichophytosis that a person is infected from a pet. Called by two types of fungi. The disease can be observed on the body, head, face, legs, including claws.
The manifestations of ringworm in dogs are as follows:
- the pet refuses food;
- a rash appears, accompanied by itching;
- alopecia appear oval or round;
- if boils form, the outflow of pus forms crusts.
Lichen in dogs and cats is more common among young animals
The disease got its name because in the affected areas the remnants of the hairs look like trimmed. A dog needs ringworm treatment.
Other types of disease:
- Soaking lichen. It is not contagious because it develops as a result of an allergy. In this case, there are: swelling, rashes, vesicles that burst, contents, scratches, cracks, crusts flow from them.
- Pityriasis versicolor. This is the most common form of the disease among dogs. Starts with a pink speck. With pityriasis versicolor in dogs, the affected areas of the skin can have a color from yellow to brown, so this lichen is called multi-colored. It is observed on the neck, back and limbs.
- Shingles. It is caused by the herpes virus. Initially, itching appears in the costal part and on the stomach. Later, bubbles with liquid contents appear. Bursting bubbles form crusts. Herpes can occur anywhere.
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Dog depriving treatment
How to cure lichen in a dog should be known to everyone who has a four-legged pet. Comprehensive treatment is necessarily carried out, which includes local and systemic (using drugs in the form of tablets and injections) therapy.
From lichen for dogs, there are many good drugs:
- Antifungal ointments: Ketoconazole, Dermatol, Yam, Exoderil, sulfur ointment.
- Tinctures and extracts: Juglon, tincture hellebore.
- Sprays: Fungin, Zomekol.
- Antibiotics and antifungals: Fluconazole, Griseofulvin, Ketoconazole.
When treating depriving a pet, it is important to increase the body's defenses. For this purpose, vitamins, immunomodulators are additionally prescribed, antihistamines are used to prevent allergies to medicines.
If the dog has a lot of hair or shreds, it is recommended to use special shampoos: Nizoral or Imaverol.
When treating at home, it is necessary to take precautions: after caring for the animals, be sure to wash your hands, disinfect tools. It is better to apply the drug with gloves.
Before starting to treat ringworm, it is necessary to cut off the hair around the bald spot by 2-3 cm. Before each application of the ointment, it is necessary to treat the skin with iodine.
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The ointment from the disease is applied not only to the affected area, but also to healthy skin around the spot. It is necessary to observe the animal so that it does not lick the medicine. There is a special protective collar for this.
How to cure a dog’s lichen with folk remedies (video)
Other methods of treatment and disease prevention
There are many ways to treat the described disease in a four-legged friend using alternative methods. A good result is the lubrication of the affected skin with such substances:
- 5-6 times a day with apple cider vinegar.
- Tar three times a day.
- Used engine oil.
- Finely grated garlic.
When treating at home, you can use garlic to lubricate the stains in such combinations:
- a mixture of garlic juice with honey (several times a day, the course lasts 1 week);
- a mixture of garlic juice with wine vinegar (3-5 times a day until recovery);
- garlic juice diluted in half with camphor oil (3-4 times a day).
Treating ringworm is troublesome and expensive. Therefore, the disease is better to prevent. For the prevention of dermatophytosis, it is necessary:
- regularly inspect the coat and skin of the pet;
- handle dog things from parasites;
- Avoid contact with stray or sick animals.
To prevent ringworm in dogs, a veterinarian can offer vaccination with special drugs (Wakderm, Mentavak).
It is important that the treatment be brought to the complete recovery of the pet, and not stop after the first positive results.