Worms in cats - a very common problem. And you should not be afraid of it. But the owner of the animal must take a set of measures that will help the four-legged friend. The appearance of worms is a disease that can be really dealt with with the help of medicines and folk remedies. However, to consolidate the success of treatment should not be limited. In order to avoid relapses of the disease, it is necessary to reconsider some habits of not only a pet, but, first of all, its owner.
Where do worms come from
Mice also carry worms
For many cat owners, the news of the appearance of worms becomes a shock. How did worms come from a pet that spends days in a city apartment?
Alas, there is where to come from. Especially in the summer, when helminth carriers, flies, fly directly into the apartment (even with mosquito nets on the windows), which fly directly to food, including, as if specially prepared for them, cat-food bowls.
Flies are a much lesser evil compared to how much infection the animal owner brings to the house on his shoes and clothes. The mustachioe-striped is always interested in sniffing at the feet of a host who has been missing for a whole day. And the beast, of course, is completely unaware of the threat - entire colonies (up to a thousand eggs) of helminths, which a person collects throughout the day everywhere: from public transport to a supermarket.
As a result, the eggs and larvae of the worms “move” to the cat's fur coat. And then - when licking the hair - the infection of the animal occurs.
There are several reasons for the appearance of worms in a domestic cat. Among them:
- Infection through raw fish and meat.
- Bites of insects (for example, mosquitoes), which is fraught with the appearance of heartworms.
- Even the shortest walk in the yard, which is accompanied by contact with grass, sand and waste products of other pets.
- Worms "inherited" - the result of intrauterine transmission from a mother cat.
There are many types of worms that cats suffer from.
The habitat of the parasites may vary. Some species choose the intestines of the animal; others prefer the liver or lungs. Heartworms live in the heart bag of an animal. These are round worms one and a half millimeters thick. Females are more dangerous - usually they are twice as large as males. The result of their appearance in the body over time can be damage to the central nervous system of the animal and impaired blood flow. The peddlers of these worms are dogs. If in time to identify parasites and start treatment, then the animal will still be able to save. But the problem is that the symptomatology of the disease is almost imperceptible, and then the beast rapidly dies away.
No less insidious are flatworms. Often they are even called the most dangerous of the parasites. Their appearance is deadly to the animal. They affect the liver, bladder, lungs of a pet and act destructively on tissues and internal organs. The length of such a worm reaches up to 15 millimeters. Their larvae most often enter the body thanks to the eaten raw sea fish.
By the way, a person is not safe from such worms if poorly prepared seafood gets into his diet.
Pulmonary helminths choose the animal's lungs as a habitat. The infection enters the body of the animal along with the eaten mouse or bird, which previously had contact with the parasite peddlers - snails or slugs. As a result, the larva of the pulmonary worm appears in the intestines of the cat, then enters the bloodstream and, together with it, reaches the lungs. Here the larvae ripen to adult worms and egg laying. Next, the process of spreading the parasites begins: the cat, affected by the disease, coughs hard and hard, sending out new mature larvae, ready to infect other animals. For the cat itself, the presence of such worms is fraught with numerous complications, pathology and a transition to a chronic condition, which is accompanied by an ongoing cough.
Another type of worms from which tetrapods suffer is called flukes. Fortunately, they are not so common. Dangerous to the liver and pancreas of the beast. They can affect the gastrointestinal tract and heart, sometimes lead to very complex conditions of the pet and even his death.
As for the eggs of worms, they are of microscopic size. To detect such with the naked eye is unrealistic. Often for this lacks the power of microscopes. Those that are observable have different shapes and colors. According to these indicators, doctors determine what kind of parasite settled inside the pet.
In some cases, worms can be detected after the animal goes to the toilet. Usually they are white, a little less than a centimeter in length and in shape resembling a leaf of a tree.
How to determine if a cat has worms
A cough in a cat can be a symptom of not only worms, but also other diseases
Alas, unlike a person, a domestic animal cannot tell about what and how it hurts. It will be possible to determine the presence of worms in a pet only by how the behavior of the four-legged has changed. In some cases, the appearance of parasites is expressed in coughing or vomiting (and even with foam), in others - in sharp changes in behavior, diarrhea or high temperature. Almost always, the animal prefers to lie, choosing for this some remote corner in the room.
A sharp and inexplicable change in the mood of the cat (which usually plays, purrs, runs around the apartment and eats well) should be alarming. The four-legged will have to measure the temperature, which in the normal state is equal to 37.5 - 39 degrees.
You should pay attention to other features of behavior. For example, on a hiccup that suddenly appeared. Other signs include changes in the cat's coat (becomes faded), shortness of breath, or severe thirst.
An alarming sign is the active secretion of saliva. And also a sharp change in how the beast goes to the toilet: prolonged constipation suddenly gives way to incessant diarrhea.
Sometimes worms themselves come out with waste products. But these are already the most difficult cases when help to an animal is required “here and now”.
For some types of worms, special studies are necessary (not only the analysis of animal feces). The presence of a heartworm will be told by indicators of a blood test. And the fact that the cat suffers from pulmonary worms can be precisely understood not only by the cough that exhausts the beast, but also due to the x-ray of the cat's chest cavity.
A separate topic is worms in the eyes of cats. According to science, such a lesion is called telaziosis. It is found infrequently. The reason in most cases is the infection brought along with the wind. Such worms are white. Their habitat is the lacrimal ducts. The owner of the animal can make out them, even without resorting to any equipment: at times when the worms begin to move around the eyeball, while it is very unpleasantly wriggling.
Why are they dangerous?
It is important to start treatment in time, so as not to start the state of the animal
Worms are dangerous not only because they “drink” the blood of an animal. But also by the fact that they cause serious harm to the whole body of a cat or cat. Often a large number of worms in the body simply does not allow the animal to empty the intestines. The metabolic processes are disturbed, the immune system weakens, allergic reactions begin, toxic substances are released into the body, which lead, including to the most tragic consequences - death.
Owners of animals are interested in whether they can catch a disease from a four-legged animal, being in constant contact with it? Yes, that could happen. In this case (in addition to treating a pet) - one: compliance with generally accepted standards of hygiene. He stroked the pet - wash his hands.
Although it is worth noting: humans and cats do not have many common helminths. That is, most parasites living inside tetrapods do not live in humans. Or they cannot survive in it, because, getting into the human body, they find themselves in an environment too hostile for themselves.
Several years ago, Russian researchers talked about the results of their observations of two thousand domestic cats. Bottom line: six hundred of them showed worms. Of these six hundred and two hundred cats were struck by species of parasites that cannot be transmitted to humans, and about three hundred four-legged cats suffered from parasites that are really dangerous for animal owners.
It is believed that helminths in cats and cats are of particular danger to children and pregnant women.
Only a veterinarian can correctly determine what kind of worms a cat has and methods of dealing with them
If similar symptoms are found and the cat's condition changes, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian and begin treatment. To solve this problem, there are various drugs and folk remedies.
Worm preparations for cats
If you can’t give the cat a pill, you can disguise it in your favorite pet treat
The treatment should be carried out exclusively by a specialist - amateur activity is unacceptable. Of course, on the shelves of veterinary stores you can find a variety of "superfoods", which, according to the labels, will quickly help the four-legged patient get on his feet. However, without the advice of a veterinarian and without a diagnosis, they should not be taken.
Before proceeding with treatment, you need to understand exactly what to fight with. The owner of the cat will have to collect the feces of the pet, place them in a special jar for analysis and take it to the veterinary clinic for research. In the laboratory, it will be possible to determine what type of worms prevents the pet from living, which will allow you to prescribe the right medicine for treatment, as well as calculate the dosage.
Alas, the parasites are very tenacious. Therefore, drugs to combat worms usually have a fairly strong effect. An important task for the veterinarian is not to make a mistake in calculating the dose of the medicine so as not to harm the four-legged.
The arsenal of tools in the fight against parasites today is vast.
- Tablets. Most veterinarians are inclined in their favor. After all, the animal itself knows how much and what it needs. Therefore, an excess of medication will necessarily come out with the help of vomiting. You can’t say the same about injections or ointments. In their case, overdose is more difficult to avoid. Oral agents should be given in the morning and on an empty stomach for better absorption.
- Suspension. It is considered one of the most reliable remedies for worms. Although the reaction to the medicine often scares the owners of the animals, a terrible cough begins almost immediately in the beast, and, without stopping, foamy saliva pours. Bottles with a suspension are traditionally equipped with a dispenser; they have a pleasant taste for cats, which facilitates the treatment.
- Drops. They vary depending on the age of the pet. Preparations at the withers relieve not only worms, but also insects living on wool.
- Injections. They can only be done by an owner with a medical education. Injections - in several stages. The course of treatment can take up to two weeks.
- Pasta . This is a mixture of crushed tablets that can be added to food and cat's treat. Opinions of experts regarding this drug vary. Some consider it a good preventive measure, but not a cure.
It is important to remember that such treatment is best done outdoors and away from flammable objects.
Helping a sick beast is a painstaking process and not the easiest. The beast must be prepared for therapy and remember that a few minutes after the pet was given the medicine, it will most likely defecate. Together with the feces, the parasites living inside will also come out. If this does not happen, you will have to give the patient also a laxative.
And another important point - after the first dose of the drug, only large worms come out. And the eggs laid by them will remain inside the cat. The medicine will have to be given again to get rid of the parasites that appear from the eggs.
Some folk remedies for worms that people use are suitable for cats.
Those who do not like "chemistry" hope that folk remedies will be more effective in treating animals. Including those that people use in the fight against worms. And here it is very important to note: a caring owner will never try to help his cat with "home" medicine, in which celandine is added. After all, what is good for humans is really dangerous for the animal. An overdose of celandine can be fatal for moustached.
Other medicines in many ways resemble folk remedies used by humans. For instance:
- Pumpkin seeds. They must be crushed into powder, mixed with sunflower oil or pork fat, and then given to the animal for five days.
- Infusion of tansy. Dry flowers of the plant are infused with boiling water (one hour is enough). The tool must be injected into the mouth with a syringe without a needle a couple of times a day. The course is designed for a week.
- Chamomile broth. It will also have to be given to the cat by injection. Although some animals agree to the procedure and voluntarily.
Anthelmintic newborns are prescribed no earlier than 21 days of life
Treatment of pregnant cats also has its own characteristics. Many drugs can harm future offspring. Veterinarians note that the most dangerous drugs in the first stage of pregnancy, when the main organs and all the systems of the kitten are formed. The veterinarian will be able to choose the right drug.
Newborn kittens infected in utero are also given very carefully medications. And along with kittens - and nursing cats, because through milk they can share with the kids the dose of the drug.
It is necessary to constantly monitor the condition of the animal and do not forget about vaccination
The process is not limited to one treatment. It is important to carry out regular prophylaxis. Once every three to four months, give cats complex preparations. Typically, preventive procedures in pets are carried out twice a year - in autumn and spring.
Cats need to be wrestled with, and it is not worth putting off for later. Also, for the benefit of the pet and himself, it is necessary to arrange regular cleaning in the apartment, which will affect even the farthest corners of the house. It is important to clean the tray behind the animal in time. After this procedure, the owner of the four-legged must not forget about washing his hands.
And, of course, it will be useful to radically change the diet: to exclude raw fish and cheese. Organize a healthy and varied diet for your pet, which will contain vitamins, and boiled meat, and eggs, and olive oil useful for them (neatly added to cat food).