Horses have accompanied humans for many centuries. The most interesting facts about horses are dedicated to the work of these animals next to humans, their sporting and circus achievements, character traits, and unique breeds.
Horses have accompanied humans for many centuries.
In the service of people
Although law enforcement officers ride motorbikes and patrol cars these days, police horses still exist. In many countries there are mounted police units. They are involved in various street gatherings and events. The advantage of mounted police is that an animal in pursuit of a criminal can enter where the vehicle will not pass. Animals for service are carefully selected and trained for a long time. The best police are considered geldings, as they have a calm and complaisant disposition.
Horses not only carry people, they can still drive them. For the training of assistants to blind people, the miniature breed Falabella is the best suited - the shortest species of pony. Candidates are rigorously selected and must meet the following criteria:
- move your ears well;
- quickly remember what he saw;
- have a calm disposition;
- have a quick reaction;
- Do not be afraid of people and animals;
- Be able to avoid obstacles and barriers.
These unusual horses, like guide dogs, live in the owner's house. They are clean and trained to use the toilet in a specific place. Special noiseless shoes are even made for them. A guide horse is well-versed in large cities. In addition, the pony lives for more than 30 years, which is another of its advantages.
Throughout history, horses not only helped people, but often saved them from starvation. Today, horse meat is negatively consumed only in the USA. In Russia and many European countries this type of meat is also not very popular, although in France they like to eat not only horse meat. Some internal organs of the animal, such as the kidneys or heart, are considered a delicacy there. But during the war, horse-drawn soldiers did not disdain. She was fed by Napoleon’s soldiers in devastated Moscow, as well as the field troops of Field Marshal Paulus, who were surrounded near Stalingrad.
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The famous horse smile is the so-called Flemen syndrome. In fact, the animal does not smile like that, but tries to sniff someone. When the horse lowers its head, raises its upper lip and exposes its jaw, the sense of smell intensifies. Interestingly, Flemen's syndrome is most common in horses.
Throughout history, horses not only helped people, but often saved them from starvation
Unusual horse gaze. The eyes of this animal are the largest among all mammals. They are arranged so that the upper retina works like a magnifying glass, and the lower one like binoculars. A horse raises its head when trying to see something on the horizon. When the gaze is down, the animal looks at a nearby object. But these animals can immediately see everything that happens from 2 sides and even from behind. Horses see the world in color, but they do not distinguish between red and blue colors.
Horses are smart and caring animals. Their intellectual abilities are only slightly lower than those of primates. Animals perfectly remember the owner and respond to affectionate treatment with great affection. They are very kind to their offspring. If in most animals the female takes care of the offspring, then both a mare and a horse can grow foals.
The memory and feelings of horses are very well developed. There are many cases when a lost animal traveled a long distance and returned home, guided by the smell. The sense of smell helps blind animals to navigate in space. In addition, horses are able to intuitively leave unfamiliar places. Animals perfectly sense the mood of the owner, they understand and remember a bad or good attitude towards themselves. No wonder there are trained horses in any circus, because it’s easier to train them in various actions than many other animals.
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Gallery: horses (25 photos)
The largest horses are representatives of the Shire breed. These ancient heavy trucks lead their history from war knightly horses. The breed was improved by the addition of blood to other breeds. As a result, we got strong shires that were used in battle, and later on heavy field work. Sampson, the largest heavy-duty gelding, was born in England in 1846. He weighed more than 1,500 kg and reached 2 m 19 cm at the withers.
Horses are smart and caring animals.
On average, horses live 30 years, but among them there are also centenarians. The absolute champion in life expectancy was the horse Billy, who was born in 1760 in England. Billy towed barges all his life, but he was in such good health that he lived for 62 years. If you translate the horse years into human age, then we can say that Billy lived to about 170 years.
In equestrian sport, horses have set many records. Usually, horses in competitions do not jump over barriers above 2 m, but the stallion Wasso set a world record in 1949 by taking a barrier 2 m 47 cm high. And in 1975, the stallion Samting jumped a ditch with water whose width was 8 m 40 cm .
Horse racing is the sport of aristocrats. For a long time frisky stallions competed in speed. The absolute record belongs to a stallion named Beach Rekit, who developed a speed of up to 70 km / h in a short distance. The pacifier Kambest is the best at a distance of 1 mile. In 1993, he covered this distance in 1 minute 46 seconds.
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10 facts about horses (video)
Facts from the story
You can find out something unusual and interesting about horses if you turn to history. For example, modern wild horses are only feral animals. The only species that humans could not tame was the Asian wild horse. But the famous wild mustangs are the descendants of the horses that the Spanish conquistadors brought to America.
Skakunov tamed 6000 years ago, but even before that time they were at a premium. From time to time, archaeologists find burial places where his horse is located along with the owner. These animals in the eastern countries were sacrificed to the gods. In the Caucasus, this tradition was observed until the middle of the XIX century. Many horses went down in history.
For example, the rebellious Bucephalus of Alexander the Great, Napoleon’s favorite is the Arabian horse Marengo, the war horse of Babiek, whose master was the hero of the Reconquista El Cid.
Horse racing and chariot competitions were favorite pastimes of the ancient Greeks and Romans. The interest in equestrian tournaments in the Middle Ages did not fade, although the rules for their holding were very different from modern competitions. The active development of modern racing began in England, where horses were always especially appreciated. The first hippodromes and jockey clubs were also opened there. Horse racing appeared in Russia thanks to Count Orlov, a passionate lover of thoroughbred horses.
Thoroughbred horses were always appreciated, because for a long time these animals were the only means of transportation. A good horse was worth a fortune, so only representatives of the upper class could afford a thoroughbred animal. And only the members of the royal families and very wealthy aristocrats had their own stables. A thoroughbred horse, like an expensive car today, was an indicator of owner status. The breed of the Arabian horse was considered the cleanest and most unique.
In the United States, many laws regarding horseback riding have been preserved. Although no one uses this mode of transport, many laws still apply. For example, in Utah, a woman can go to jail if she is seen riding a horse on Sunday. And in some states, bachelors are forbidden to ride a horse alone.