Not all famous and fearless walk on two legs. Sometimes animals are able to surprise so much that they remain in people's memory for many years. We bring to your attention stories about the most famous animals in the world.
Cloned Sheep Dolly
July 5, 1996, this fluffy bunch of joy was born. Through the efforts of scientists in Scotland, the first official cloned animal was born. Dolly Sheep was born thanks to somatic cell nucleus transplant technology. Dolly died of lung disease at the age of six, but the cloning technique used to produce it was later applied to other larger mammals, including pigs, deer, horses and bulls. The disease from which Dolly died only appears in old sheep, but experts have not been able to prove that Dolly's death is associated with premature aging of cells. During her life, Dolly managed to give birth to six lambs.
Dove Cher Ami
During the First World War, this dove corresponded to its name and was a true friend to the American troops. Sher Ami delivered 12 messages while serving in the U.S. Army Corps in France, but none of them were more important than the message she delivered in early October 1918.
On that day, Major Charles White Whittlesey and more than 500 people were trapped behind enemy lines without food or ammunition. Fearing that his battalion would be killed by the Allies due to the accidental transfer of the wrong coordinates of the detachment, Whittlesey tried to send messages to his compatriots through a dove. The first two birds were shot down by the allies, but the French dove Cher Amy successfully passed fire to convey the message.
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During the flight, the bird was wounded, but she managed to fly over the enemy’s positions and reach the allies. The shelling ceased, and the troops were rescued. Thanks to this dove, 194 soldiers were rescued.
Space heroine dog Laika
Initially, the street dog Laika in the Soviet Union achieved fame after visiting space. Laika - was the only one that was consciously sent into space to certain death. To surprise the authorities on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of Soviet rule, the leadership decided to send into space a two-year-old mongrel named Laika. According to the plan, the dog was supposed to be in space for about a week, after which it was supposed to suffocate due to overheating of the cabin.
The dog went into space in 1957 aboard the Sputnik-2 spacecraft, which was not designed for a return landing. Unfortunately, in 2002, it turned out that Laika died during the first five hours of the flight, despite Soviet assurances that she quietly died in space within a week. It seemed that the stress of the launch and the rapidly increasing humidity and temperature caused her to die in torment.
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Yorkshire Terrier named Smokey
Another military story, again from the American army, but from a completely different part of the world. Smokey, the tiny Yorkshire Terrier, became the mascot of the U.S. Armed Forces after it was found by soldier William Winnomn in the battlefield of New Guinea in 1944. It turns out that the size for the exploits does not matter and Smokey has become an indispensable assistant to his master in many military operations.
One day, Smokey raised the alarm and warned of a kamikaze attack, which saved the lives of 9 soldiers. She was officially enrolled in the US Air Regiment and took part in 12 military operations. For 2 years of service, the dog received 8 battle stars and rose to the rank of corporal. After the war, she continued to live with Corporal William Wynn, participated in a television show and entertained veterans. In 2005, a granite monument dedicated to Smokey and other dogs of the war was erected in Ohio.
The turtle is Jonathan at least 179 years old and she is the oldest on the planet. This is difficult to verify, although there is photographic evidence to help confirm this information. The animal has been living on St. Helena since 1882. According to the latest data, Jonathan lost his sight and smell with age and mated with the male for the last 26 years. Because of this, the turtle has not had offspring since 1991. The fact is that turtles do not have such obvious sexual characteristics as cats and dogs, so it was quite difficult to determine who mated with Jonathan. Jonathan is even depicted on several local coins and on many tourist souvenirs.
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Unsinkable Sam is a cat who managed to survive three shipwrecks during World War II. The first sinking ship that Sam (then known as Oscar) managed to survive was Bismarck, who sank in a naval battle on May 27, 1941. Sam survived when more than 2,000 crew members died. He was the only survivor, he was picked up by the British battleship HMS Cossack, after which the cat was given the name Oscar. The British ship, in turn, was damaged by a German torpedo in the same year.
When he was towed to a safe place, an explosion occurred on the ship, which killed 159 people. Oscar survived and was taken ashore in Gibraltar. Now they called him Unsinkable Sam, he was brought to live in the HMS Ark Royal, who participated in the battle with Bismarck. He was also torpedoed, but in the end the cat was also saved. Sam was found "evil, but completely unscathed," floating on the board. Fortunately, Sam then stayed away from the ships, and eventually died at the sailor's house in Belfast in 1955.