Tazy, or the Central Asian (Turkmen) greyhound, is a breed of dogs that have been cultivated in Turkmenistan for more than a millennium and honored along with noble Akhal-Teke horses. The owners were proud of their pets and knew their pedigree almost to the first knee. The name of the breed is often mentioned in Turkmen folklore, and its representatives were cared for almost as family members. How did the Turkmen greyhounds deserve such attention and reverence, and what is known about modern Turkmen dogs?
The first representatives appeared several centuries ago, and the so-called “breeders” were nomadic tribes of Turkmens moving along the steppes of Central Asia. They were sensitive to four-legged helpers - horses and dogs, which remained after numerous raids of the Arabs in the 8th century.
Tazy is the result of the painstaking work of breeders who educated their pets, and also crossed the best representatives of various types of greyhounds. They managed to get a new breed, representatives of which, better than the rest, tolerated the hot, arid climate of the steppes.
The animals turned out to be very efficient; neither hot sand, nor lack of moisture disturbed them. Such qualities increased the popularity of the Turkmen greyhounds, and after a while another type appeared - Kazakh basins. Their pedigree differences are directly related to the climate and geographical conditions.
Description of the breed of pots
Dogs of this breed, despite living in a harsh climate, always received good nutrition, care and a good attitude from their owners. Dogs were admired not only by Turkmens. For example, there is a description of the basin, which was left by the Russian zoogeographer M.N. Bogdanov: “From the first glance at the basins, it becomes clear that this is a highly cultured animal obtained as a result of breeding. The dogs are graceful and their physique looks perfectly proportionate. ”
Unfortunately, the Central Asian greyhounds are still not recognized by the international cynological federation. But, as experts assure, the matter is not only in these magnificent dogs. It’s just that Kazakhstan has only recently become interested in cooperation with this organization. But naturally, breeders will have to refine the breed so that it will fully meet the FCI requirements.
Based on the situation, it is clear that an international pedigree standard basin does not yet exist. The local standard describes purebred representatives of the breed as follows:
- Tazy - a dog of dry, harmonious constitution, swift, elegant, characterized by high efficiency and grace. The growth of individuals varies from 55 to 70 cm, weighing 25-35 kg. Basins have a lifespan of 10-12 years.
- The head is dry, long, the skull part is moderately expanded. When viewed from above, it is pointed, wedge-shaped. The dogs have a poorly developed sagittal crest, the occiput is moderately pronounced.
- Stop in the form of a smooth, slightly pronounced line, the front of the head is dry, with a bevel in the lower region. If you look from the side - noticeably sharpening, but not too elongated.
- The teeth are well developed, covered with snow-white enamel, close in the correct bite by the type of scissors.
- The eyes are quite large, the amygdala shape of the incision is an advantage. The color of the iris is brown and is completely independent of the color of the dog. The look is expressive, confident.
- The ears are thin, drooping, it is necessary to have a cloak - long, wavy hair. Set at eye level or slightly higher, slightly raised on elastic cartilaginous tissue. At the ends, the ears are slightly elongated without a tubercle, they reach the corner of the lips.
- The lips are thin, well-fitting, neat.
- The lobe is black, in greyhounds with light coat, brown pigmentation is allowed.
- A neck of decent length, high set, rounded or slightly compressed on the sides. In some individuals, it may be slightly curved up.
- The chest is broad, round, with ribs lowered to the elbow joints. The withers are well pronounced, the back is wide, may be straight or with a small perezagina, muscular.
- The loin is shortened, straight or with a bulge, prominent muscular muscles. Croup of a decent width, clay, with sloping, moderately short. The abdomen line is highly matched.
- The tail is quite thin. Usually omitted in the form of a saber, its tip is necessarily folded in a ring or half ring (in the form of a steep hook). During movement, raised, but not higher than the back line. When the dog is calm, the tip of the tail reaches the hock joints or does not reach them 1-2 cm.
- The forelimbs have a strong skeleton, with muscular forearms, standing parallel to each other, elbows directed only backward. Pasterns elongated, slightly sloping. The hind limbs are straight, spaced wider than the front, the levers are long. Metatarsus are perpendicular. Paws in the form of elongated ovals. Fingers assembled, strong claws, sent to the ground.
Dog quality and possible colors
The pelvis has a single-layer wool, consisting of a short, soft, straight dog, with no undercoat. The auricles are covered with a silky awn, with a small wave, it extends 5-6 cm below the tips of the ears. There are tows on the back of the forepaws and thighs. The underside of the tail has an elongated, medium-thick suspension.
There are Central Asian greyhounds with a plain white, sex, red color and completely black dogs. The presence of speckles to the tone of the main coat is allowed, but exclusively on the extremities, and tan areas of light grayish or whitish tones. A solid black basin can have a small white spot on the sternum.
Character and temper
Greyhounds themselves are quite extraordinary dogs, and as for the Central Asians, they have some features. First of all, the character of the pet largely depends on the conditions in which it lives and who surrounds it.
At home, the dog usually imposingly, calmly lies in a designated place, depicting a chiseled statue, watching others, he is relaxed and lazy. But on a hunt or a walk, the dog literally changes, its agility, tirelessness and playfulness can only be envied.
The owners of the pots compare their pets with cats, and indeed, showing their positive attitude, the dog begins to rub on his feet with his whole body, like a cat. Naturally, this is how the dog behaves more often with the owner.
Owners of hunting dogs know that their pets are excellent hunters, but the watchman from them in most cases does not work. But this does not apply to the Central Asian greyhounds, the pots successfully serve as a watchman, guard and even a bodyguard - during walks the pet will not allow the warlike strangers to approach their owner.
Tazy is a self-confident dog with a well-developed dominant instinct. Therefore, at a meeting with his brethren, he will defend his leadership position. When walking, it’s worthwhile to prevent such situations where a mess is possible, although the greyhounds' agility and maneuverability allow them to emerge victorious from fights with larger and heavier opponents.
It is not worth keeping pots in a house with small animals - its hunting instinct will allow the dog to consider its “neighbors” exclusively as prey.
Training and education
By virtue of self-sufficiency and independence, all greyhounds are difficult to train dogs, and Central Asians in this case are no different. Such a pet should not be given to beginners unfamiliar with the characteristics of the breed. Experienced owners know that the approach to a greyhound should be soft, persistent, with mandatory motivation. Tazy has a very fine mental organization, and any coercion will cause a dog to protest.
To educate and train such a pet, the owner will have to allocate enough time. You will have to repeat the command over and over again, as the dog will not blindly execute it, thinking his own options in his mind. Greyhound at any opportunity will seize the initiative, therefore, the owner should control all stages of the lesson, not allowing the dog to lead.
Tazy needs constant intense physical exertion, training, outdoor games. Even if the owner does not intend to hunt with his four-legged friend, he must take him out into the countryside and give him the opportunity to run freely. This will allow the dog to maintain physical fitness, health, emotional mood.
Immediately before class, it is desirable to tire the animal, and this is not so simple. You can use aporting - the dog can tirelessly carry a stick or ball.
The pelvis has short hair, however, and it requires constant care. It is advisable to treat the pet 1-2 times a week with a comb or brush suitable for this type of dog. During molting, the number of procedures should be increased. Frequent combing will help to quickly rid the pet of faded hairs.
Greyhounds are washed infrequently, no more than 3-4 times a year. For minor impurities, you can use dry shampoo or wipe the wool with a damp cloth.
The oral cavity of the pet should be examined at least 2-3 times a week and do not neglect cleansing using a special toothpaste and brush. Of course, this procedure is not very pleasant for most dogs, including basins, but if you accustom to it from childhood, the dog will endure it steadily.
Eyes and ears are no exception to care, so they are periodically examined and treated for contamination. This helps to avoid eye and ear infections, often ending with improper care of any complications. If an unpleasant odor or purulent discharge suddenly appears, it is better to show the pet to a veterinarian.
The nails of the dog are trimmed regularly as they grow back. If this is not done, then excessively grown claws can lead to further lameness of the animal.
The life expectancy of pots largely depends on care and living conditions, so city dogs live less than their village counterparts. Quite often, these frisky dogs fall into dangerous situations, fleeing from their masters in the city.
The second common cause of the early death of Turkmen greyhounds is a disease of the cardiovascular system, we are talking about heart failure, congenital heart defects and other pathological conditions. That is why you should constantly show the dog to the veterinarian in order to identify possible heart ailments in time.
Most diseases of this breed are associated with poor quality care. Less commonly, pelvic pathologies develop by inheritance. Dogs are prone to developing the following diseases:
- food and atypical allergies;
- oncological diseases.
A greyhound cannot be walked after a meal, as it may cause a bowel twist - a dangerous condition that can lead to the death of an animal.
As soon as the puppy enters the new house, the owner needs to provide the pet with rational, balanced nutrition. It is worth noting - food from the master's table is contraindicated to him.
Modern owners often prefer ready-made diets, but at home in Turkmenistan, basins are fed mainly with natural food. The basis of the menu is meat, it is desirable to give it raw, cut into pieces and scalded with boiling water.
Also, the dog is given boiled, low-fat fish, raw and boiled, chopped vegetables, eggs - chicken and quail, pieces of fruit, sour-milk products. Porridge is also on the greyhound menu, but should often not be given. Of course, you should not treat your favorite pet from your table, give various sweets, pickles, marinades, smoked meats.
From 5 months into the diet of the pet, it is necessary to introduce special vitamin-mineral supplements, but after consulting with a veterinarian.
Conditions of detention
Tazy is a clean and neat dog that does not scatter food and behaves decently, which is not surprising, the pet has lived side by side with a man for centuries and he cared about the comfort of a four-legged friend. And the modern greyhound needs good conditions.
The dog has no undercoat, so it cannot live on the street. Both a country house and an apartment are suitable for her. Walking with your pet is necessary twice a day, but it should be long and active walks. It is recommended to use a leash - the dog is capable of jerking at any minute for any small animal, and if you take into account the incredible speed and excitement of the dog, then the owner has no chance to catch it.
Photo of dog breed pots
Puppy dog video
Outside of Turkmenistan, the breed is little known, partly due to the fact that it has not received international recognition. The second caveat - greyhounds are quite specific and do not fit any owners.
There are no large kennels breeding these amazing dogs in Russia. Future owners have several options: contact the breeders in the countries of Central Asia, here basins are quite popular. Or you can look for private sellers - in some Russian cities there are such.
You can buy a puppy that does not have documents for 10,000-12,000 rubles, but no one gives any guarantees of health and thoroughbred in this case. A child with a pedigree with good data will cost 25,000 rubles and more, depending on the titularity of the parents and other factors.
Tazy is an original breed that has passed more than one millennium of development and as a result has gained a luxurious appearance and excellent working abilities. By acquiring such a pet, the family takes into the house not just an animal, but a true friend and family member.