Servants or servants are Arabian greyhounds, which, like other representatives of this type of hunting dogs, have an elegant appearance, unique working abilities and a very wayward character. Hunters appreciate the sluts for their unique ability to track the beast only with their eyes, and dogs can work with a variety of game - from gazelles to fenech foxes. Fans of greyhounds are delighted with these beauties - handsome, muscular, colorful, but for beginners it is better to choose more complaisant dogs as pets - the temper of a servant is cool.
Origin of breed
Historians are unanimous - Arab greyhounds are representatives of the oldest breed. They were highly regarded among the Arab nomads, the Bedouins, and were not just helpers, but practically members of families. In addition, packs of these dogs contained sheikhs and hunted various game with them. Often, the servants worked in tandem with feathered hunters - falcons.
The first discovered images of the Arabian greyhounds date back to 1000 BC. In Tunisia, even more ancient artifacts were found - 6000g. BC, and in Egypt, the finds were the mummies of these animals. The name of the breed comes from the village of the same name in Tunisia.
In European countries, the first servants appeared when the war in Algeria ended, then they left the country with the owners, French soldiers. After 30 years, the popularity of these greyhounds increased, and this was facilitated by the Dutch artist Legras, who depicted servants on his canvases. However, due to the French occupation and the rabies epidemic, the number of individuals of this breed has decreased significantly.
In 1935, the Arabian Greyhound was recognized by FCI, but the adoption of the standard occurred only after half a century.
Description of the breed of mica
The birthplace of the breed is Morocco, it was here that these extraordinary dogs appeared, and to this day they are most common in this North African state.
Experts consider the males to be the most thoroughbred greyhounds, having a special run, thin skin and dry, well-developed muscles. These dogs are aristocratic and arrogant, while strongly attached to the owner and will protect him in any danger. The dog has a strong hunting instinct, which ensures long-term performance.
Arabian greyhounds are not the tallest dogs of their kind, but they cannot be called undersized. Male growth varies from 66 to 72 cm, bitches - from 61 to 68 cm. An important aspect is the proportionality of the structure. The ideal height of males is 70 cm, the body length should be 67–68 cm, in females this indicator is 65 cm with the body length 62–63 cm. The specialization of the Arabian greyhounds is rutting.
In the standard, purebred individuals of this breed are described by a peculiar appearance:
- Head - when viewed from the side, it is noticeable that the dog has an elongated, elegant profile, while the head is distinguished by elegant lines, but not without power. When viewed from above, its shape is similar to an elongated, pointed triangle. The skull is wide enough, the muzzle tapers significantly to the nose.
- The eye hollows are slightly protruding, the nose is weakly pronounced, and the occiput is well developed, rounded. The muzzle is elongated; its length is approximately equal to the size of the cranial part.
- The nose is large, pigmented in black, a little heavy. There is no bone at the tip of the nose; it has a slight downward bend.
- Lips are covered with soft, delicate skin, they perfectly fit to the lower jaw. It is desirable that the angle of the mouth is invisible. The jaws are strong, of regular structure, resembling forceps in shape. The mouth is rectangular.
- The eyes are large, deeply recessed in the eye sockets, in some individuals they can be slightly covered for centuries. The look of the servant is soft, a little melancholy, brooding. In greyhounds with light hair, eyes with a bright, amber iris, in rarer, darker individuals, it has a brown color.
- Ears of medium size, located high, hang on the cartilage, fit well on the sides of the head. The shape is triangular, with rounded tips.
- The body of a servant with a long neck with a graceful bend, it is slender, muscular, slightly curved in the upper part. The back is shortened, almost horizontal. The posterior side of the thighs is dry, wide, slightly convex, the croup is bony, with a noticeable bevel.
- The chest is not very wide, lowered to the elbow joints, a decent depth. Ribs flattened, attached to a long, tightened chest. The abdomen is well tucked up, the sides are lean.
- The tail is not thick, located lower than the line of the spine. According to standard requirements, the minimum length reaches the hock joints.
- Extremities - front long, strong, with noticeably sloping shoulder blades. Bony forearms. The paws are oval. Many representatives of the breed of lightweight type, they have a shape similar to the paw of a hare. The nails are strong, pigmented in black or dark.
- The hind limbs are with flat gachas covered with voluminous muscles, the legs are slender, of decent length, with clearly visible, strong muscles. The hocks are strong, with good curvature. The ankles are strong, there are no false claws.
Servants move step, trot or gallop.
Quality of coat and color
The body of the Arabian greyhound is covered with a short, smooth dog, thin, perfectly adjacent to the skin. The following colors are found: sand, light sand, with wool shades of “red sand”, “gray sand”, with tan marks. Individuals may have a black mask on their faces, a black collar or be without a similar color.
Character and temper
Outwardly, all greyhounds, including the Arab ones, look gentle, refined, but their appearance is deceptive. These are hardy, efficient and very independent animals. Life in the desert made the dogs ascetic, accustomed to hardships, able to endure difficulties without losing activity. When bullying, they can develop incredible speed, dogs are very reckless and tough during operation.
Naturally, all this left an imprint on the character of the servant - they are independent, restive, but at the same time the pets are so attached to the owner that they literally have an emotional connection with him. Arabian greyhounds are very stressed if a change of ownership occurs for any reason.
Even selflessly loving "his" man, the greyhound will not overly show feelings - to jump around at a meeting or topple over on his back, bobbing his paws. The dog believes that it’s enough to wave his tail in a welcoming manner and turn his face to stroke it to express joy.
The servants are silent, she rarely barks, treats strangers wary. Among greyhounds, she is the most distrustful of strangers, which makes her an excellent, vigilant watchman. Although the dog will obey only the owner, he treats the household kindly. He gets used to all family members and considers himself part of this mini-team, which is very deserved.
For the servant, constancy is important - one owner, family, atmosphere, established daily routine. Any changes, even minor ones, can cause stress in the pet, the dog will immediately feel discomfort. Therefore, such a pet is not suitable for families, often changing their place of residence.
Greyhound appreciates a harmonious, friendly home environment, without scandals or quiet hostility. She will feel the slightest negativity. Servants do not like to be alone for a long time, such forced solitude will negatively affect the behavior and character of the pet, he becomes uncontrollable, destroying everything that he can get to.
As for livability, the dog is perfect for families with children, especially older ones, who can become companions for games and fun. He can find a common language with other pets, but only if the greyhound grew with them.
The hunting instinct is highly developed among the males, so a small beast, including cats and small dogs, is not the best company for these dogs. The dog will not deny himself the pleasure of driving even the living creature with which he lives side by side, he will always consider alien small animals only as a possible prey.
Training and education
The servants are highly intelligent and can decide for themselves how to act, but, like other greyhounds, they are unyielding and masterful. A beginner will certainly encounter difficulties during the training of such a four-legged friend, and most often at a certain point the process will stall.
An Arab Greyhound trainer should be patient, fair, demanding, but not cruel. The dog immediately feels the negative attitude of the owner, and an undeserved punishment will certainly provoke an understandable protest. Not only will the dog refuse to carry out the commands, it will also hold a grudge for a long time.
The owner should not expect quick results, the same exercises will have to be repeated many times, getting the perfect obedience from the pet. To people who are not familiar with the habits of the greyhounds, it may seem that these dogs are stupid and uneducable. However, this opinion is far from the truth, on the contrary, these dogs are self-sufficient and do not consider what the owner offers, really deserves their attention. The goal of the trainer is to convince the greyhound of the importance of the teams.
Any, even the smallest, success should be supported by praise, affection or treats. The pet will immediately catch, for which he gets such benefits. It is quite difficult to teach the servants to cope with needs on the street, often the owners use a special cage. A similar method is acceptable, but should not be abused, representatives of this breed are afraid of enclosed spaces.
The Arabian Greyhound has a short coat, but it also needs some care. It is recommended to comb the dog 1-2 times a week with a comb with frequent teeth or a brush with natural bristles.
Greyhounds are rarely bathed, usually when necessary. For minor impurities, you can use dry shampoo or wipe the wool with a damp cloth. The rest of the care for the dog is standard - ears, eyes, are regularly inspected, if necessary, cleaned with decoctions or medical devices.
Teeth are cleaned of plaque and stone weekly with a special paste. A puppy is taught to this procedure from early childhood. You can also use large bones, granules of dry food. Claws are trimmed as they grow with a claw cutter, but if they grind on their own, then you do not need to trim.
It is important to visit the veterinarian periodically to examine and vaccinate the pet.
The breed can be called healthy - a harsh habitat contributed to this. The most common disease diagnosed with mica is progressive retinal atrophy. Owners should know that dogs of this breed are highly sensitive to anesthesia and are not adapted to life in cold climatic conditions.
Dogs of this breed are fussy and do not eat everything that falls into their bowl. And if they do not require special care, then the owner will have to approach the issue of feeding as seriously as possible.
The diet of mica should consist of a variety of products that are sources of energy - meat, offal, fish, vegetables, fruits, dairy products, eggs and cottage cheese. Also, these dogs can be fed with prepared premium foods or super-premium class, which is suitable for representatives of this breed.
It is advisable to adhere to certain rules:
- give food to the dog at the same time;
- the animal must have a strictly designated place for a meal;
- you can’t feed the dog between meals (the exception is classes during which the dog receives a well-deserved treat), especially if you give food from your own table.
In addition, with the veterinarian should decide on the introduction of feed in the form of preparations with vitamins and minerals. The servants are very clean and if you follow the recommendations, the pet will eat calmly, accurately. With improper feeding, the greyhound will gain weight, its mood and overall health will worsen.
Conditions of detention
Any greyhound is not the best option for living in an apartment, and servants are no exception. The best conditions are a country house with a spacious courtyard and equipped aviary. However, a dog that does not have abundant hair should not be outdoors all the time. In addition, it is undesirable to have a pet for people living in countries with a cold climate.
Servants - 100% hard worker who can not live without daily intense stress. It should be taken out 2-3 times a week to the site, walking twice a day, and each walk should last at least an hour. The dog can be taken for jogging, but it should be borne in mind that the pet can be distracted and escape for the arisen goal, while developing a speed of up to 60 km / h. Therefore, it is necessary to walk it on a leash.
Photo of a breed of dog sluts
Video about the dog breed
Servants outside Morocco are not widespread, therefore it is rather difficult to get a puppy of this breed. Today, there are no official monobreed nurseries in Russia, although more often greyhound breeders begin to work with this breed. Therefore, if you do not immediately buy it, then it is possible to reserve the baby you like, but, most likely, outside your city. The cost of an Arab Greyhound puppy is quite high - it starts at 40,000 rubles.
Servants - a greyhound, which is somewhat similar to other representatives of this type, but not without personality. This is a specific pet, which is not suitable for everyone, people familiar with the characteristics of the breed will be delighted with these proud, restrained and devoted four-legged friends.