Mixed forests are found in different parts of the world. Due to the value of the species and the need for wood as a building material, trees are constantly being cut down, which leads to changes in the forest ecosystem. This contributes to the extinction of many species of flora and fauna. To preserve the forest, in many countries reserves of mixed forests have been created, which are under state protection.
The largest reserves of Russia are Bryansk, Prioksko-Terrasny, Tsentralnoye, Volzhsko-Kama, Zavidovsky, Oksky. In these reserves spruce and ash, linden and oak grow. Among the bushes there is hazel and euonymus, and among the berries - raspberries, lingonberries , blueberries. Forbs are also represented here. They are home to various types of animals:
- field mice;
- ordinary proteins and flying proteins;
- brown bears;
- wild boars.
There are many birds in the forests. These are owls and sparrows, partridges and grouse, capercaillie and cranes, magpies and peregrine falcons, black grouse and golden eagles. Ponds are full of fish, toads and turtles. Snakes and lizards crawl on the ground, and various insects fly in the air.
European nature reserves
One of the largest reserves in England, where there are mixed forests, is New Forest. It has a huge variety of fauna and flora. On the territory of Poland and Belarus there is a large reserve "Belovezhskaya Pushcha". Coniferous-deciduous trees and shrubs are also found in it. In the Swiss reserve Rogen there are dense forests.
The famous German forest reserve with mixed tree species is the Bavarian Forest. Here grow spruce and fir, blueberries and ferns, elms and alder, beeches and maples, woodruff and lilies, as well as Hungarian gentian. Huge flocks of birds live in the forest: woodpeckers, eagle owls , crows , owls , capercaillie, flycatchers. Lynxes, martens, red deer are found in the forests.
American nature reserves
In America, there is a reserve Great Teton, in which coniferous-deciduous trees grow. In the Zeon National Park, dense forests are spread, where several hundred species of fauna live. The forest reserve is the Olympic National Park. Small forests along with other natural areas are found in the reserve - Rocky Mountain National Park.
In the world there are a huge number of mixed forest reserves. Not only the state should provide them with protection, but, first of all, people themselves can make a huge contribution to the conservation of nature.