If you dream of a graceful pet resembling your predatory brethren, then the Maine Coon breed is simply created for you. It is difficult to confuse these cats with other representatives of cats - their distinguishing features are ears with tassels and a characteristic muzzle.
How did the Maine Coon breed
There are conflicting data on the origin of Maine Coons. The first story of the origin of animals tells of an English navigator who always took cats of long-haired breeds with him on his next sea voyage. In the ports of New England, this captain got off the ship and found his animals with wild local cats. As a result, long-haired kittens were born, which the captain was distributing to friends. He called the bred breed “Kuna's cats” - that was his last name.
There is a story that Maine Coon cats occurred as a result of mating cats of long-haired breeds with English shorthair animals
The second version of the origin is completely unrealistic, but it still exists. According to her, the breed appeared from a raccoon and half-wild domestic cats. Of course, this option is refuted by genetic indicators, but how else to explain the fluffy tail of animals and their black marble color, common among the breed. Another assumption is that their ancestors are wild lynxes with domestic cats. Probably, it exists due to the fact that cats have characteristic tassels at the tips of the ears.
According to the first two theories, it can be concluded that Maine Coons came from mating long-haired foreign cats with local short-haired pets. It is possible that the British brought the first, but still there is an opinion that the Vikings helped here in the eleventh century. The latter assumption is related to the similarity of Maine Coon cats with Norwegian forest cats, usually accompanying Vikings in swimming.
The Maine Coon breed is recognized by all felinological organizations. Each of these systems offers its own standard for a thoroughbred cat, but in the end they are all similar to each other.
Maine Coon Appearance
The external indicators of these animals are diverse. Their color may be dark and even red, but some distinctive features still remain unchanged. There are 2 types of Maine Coons - American and European. American cats have a rustic head shape, wide bone, squat. European animals are distinguished by longer tails (in length exceeding the size of the elongated hind legs of a cat), an elongated body and a wild look.
Maine Coons are unusually hardy and strong. This can be said for the characteristic appearance. The weight of an adult cat is 4.5–13 kg, and the length of the Maine Coon reaches one meter.
The cat has a square muzzle with high cheekbones. Its width and length usually go well with the size of the body and head. Seals are famous for their strong chin, showing a 90 degree angle in profile. The profile is soft, not involving a stop and humps.
The ears of the animal are large, set high and wide, pointed at the tips, have tassels. Maine Coons have large eyes, a little oblique and widely set, slightly convex.
The body of the animal is muscular, has a wide chest. Cats are smaller than cats. Their weight ranges from 4.5 to 7 kg, but in cats it usually ranges from 6 to 13 kg. Maine Coon's body is harmonious, long, not weak.
The legs of the seals are set wide, they are strong and straight, have an average length and are proportional to the body. Paws of cats are round and large, with tufts of wool. The base of the tail is long and wide, with abundant hair, and at the end the tail is narrow.
The fur of the cats is thick, fluffy, straight and silky. Almost all Maine Coons have a collar.
Eye color in the standard - from copper, golden green, gold, to green. Blue eyes are usually pronounced in bicolors and white Maine Coons. Animals come in the following color:
- black (Black);
- blue (Blue);
- red (Red);
- cream (Cream);
- marble (Classic Tabby Pattern);
- brindle (Mackerel Tabby Pattern);
- Torbi (Patched Tabby Pattern);
- silver (Silver Tabby);
- red tiger / marble / torbi (Red Tabby (classic / mackerel);
- black tiger / marble / torbi (Brown Tabby (classic / mackerel / patched);
- Blue Tiger / Marble / Torbi (Blue Tabby (classic / mackerel / patched), etc.
Defects of appearance
Maine Coons are not always allowed to participate in the exhibition. The following problems may be an obstacle to this:
- polycryptorchidism (undescended ovaries in the scrotum);
- the same length of hair on the back and stomach;
- The forbidden color of the following colors and their shades:
- blindness or strabismus;
- polydactyly (multi-fingered);
- crease or lack of tail, partial or complete;
- the presence of the xiphoid process;
- the presence of blue eyes, with the exception of cats of white color.
Closed and arrogant Maine Coons are excluded from breeding. Such cats are rare, since usually the animals of this breed are quite friendly.
My friend's maine coon has a tiger color. Now the animal is adult and quite large (the size of an average dog). But this pussy is so smart that it seems to understand perfectly. I am a frequent guest in a friend's family, so their pet perceives me as a family member. Sometimes he gets on my knees and waits for affection. And when she receives it, she makes such interesting sounds that you just want to kiss him from. Recently, I am also thinking about buying Maine Coon.
Photo gallery: Maine Coon seals with different colors
- White Maine Coons can have blue and golden eyes
- Maine Coon cats are black
- There are even Maine Coons with a red color
- The cream color goes well with the golden eyes typical of Maine Coons.
- Maine Coons can also have a tiger color, familiar to purebred cats
- Maine Coons silver color unusually beautiful
- Maine Coons of tortoise color can have yellow, green or golden eyes
- Blue Maine Coons usually have golden or green eyes.
The nature and characteristics of the behavior of Maine Coon
In appearance, the animal resembles a predator, however, in fact, cats are not aggressive. These cats are calm, balanced. They are loyal to the person.
Positive and negative qualities
Maine Coons do not need a lot of space, and the voice of these purrs also has its own peculiarity. Largely because of him, the Maine Coons received the nickname "gentle giants." These cats do not use ordinary cat sounds. Rather, they publish a guttural gurgling, which leaves no host indifferent.
Maine Coon is not an ordinary cat walking on its own. Unlike representatives of other breeds, these animals reckon with the opinion of the owner and will never take revenge if he chastises them for something. Such a pet can be easily accustomed to the toilet.
The owner can often watch Maine Coon watching the view from the window or watching TV. This is due to the natural curiosity of the animal.
Cohabiting cats with other animals
These cats get along well with other pets, but do not like rodents. The last domestic predators will get it anyway, even if the cage is far away.
Maine Coon relations with the owner and strangers
Oddly enough, but the loyalty of Maine Coons can be compared with a dog. They are peaceful and good-natured, get along well with children. Maine Coon is inherently self-entertaining, however, despite this quality, the animal also needs lively communication. Therefore, the owner should give the cat a day at least half an hour of his time. Maine Coons are responsive. Cats are wary, but not shy. In a situation with strangers, they will prefer observation rather than participation. These pets are well trained.
Maine Coon does not annoy his master and can find entertainment for himself
Maine Coon's health and longevity
Maine Coons can “boast” not only outstanding size, but also good health. They practically do not get sick, since they have good immunity from birth. Maine Coon cat can live 15-20 years.
To exclude urolithiasis, you need to show the pet to the veterinarian every six months. To prevent this problem, Maine Coon should eat properly and receive the necessary care.
Eliminate the onset of urolithiasis, characteristic of Maine Coons, will help proper nutrition and proper care of the animal
The animal may have joint problems. However, from the cattery, the kitten enters a new family, usually at the age of 12 weeks. At this time, joint pathologies are immediately visible. To exclude problems with the animal’s health, it is better to take it from those breeders whose reputation is impeccable.
Maine Coon has been living in my girlfriend's family for 3 years. During this time, the cat did not have any diseases, he is cheerful, cheerful and eats well.
Maine Coon Care and Maintenance Features
If Maine Coon is well-groomed, well-fed and satisfied, then the owner will not have to worry about the occurrence of health problems. Especially since by nature Maine Coons are strong and hardy.
Maine Coon food can be varied. This and cat food, and natural ingredients.
There are feeds that include special food lines for Maine Coons, designed to meet the needs of these animals. During their manufacture, special attention was paid to the size of the Maine Coon, the density and length of its coat. Such feeds are produced by the Royal Canin company. The owner can choose this food for your pet, taking into account age and health status.
The company "Royal Canin" presents a line of feed specially designed for Maine Coons
Dry food from Bosch Sanabelle is an option for large breed cats, which Maine Coon undoubtedly belongs to. This product is made in Germany, but it can not always be seen on stock on Russian shelves. The same can be said for Bozita Swedish-made feed. These food options for Maine Coons can be obtained only in large megacities of Russia.
All animals are individual, even if they have no differences in breed. Therefore, not always food suitable for one Maine Coon will be good for another.
My girlfriend feeds her pet exclusively homemade food, and he feels great. Of course, she spends a lot of time cooking dishes for her pet. But according to her, before buying a cat, they thought everything through and decided that they would either fulfill their chores well, or even abandon the idea of having an animal. The desire to acquire a thoroughbred baby turned out to be stronger, and I must say that my friend and her husband copes well with their roles.
Seals eat lean beef, turkey, domestic chicken. In addition to meat, the animal needs fresh vegetables, vitamin supplements, and sometimes fermented milk products (for example, home-made cottage cheese). Prepare pet food every 3-4 days as follows:
- Freeze the meat for five days, and then cut it into strips.
- Rub the vegetables coarsely and simmer for 5–10 minutes.
- Mix meat with vegetables, pack in portions and freeze.
- Before treating the animal, thaw the food and warm it to room temperature.
- Season the food with cottage cheese, vegetable oil.
You can add egg yolk to any homemade meal made for Maine Coon.
Photo Gallery: Natural Maine Kunu Feed Products
- Beef is low-fat meat, so it is allowed to feed Maine Coons.
- Maine Coon can include turkey
- Maine Coon Chicken Must Be Homemade
- Maine Coon Vegetables Must Be Stewed
- Maine Coon homemade food can be seasoned with cottage cheese
- You can add egg yolk to Maine Coon food
If the kitten appeared in your house at the age of 4 months, then up to 6-7 months you need to feed the animal 4-5 times a day. From seven months, the kitten is transferred to an adult diet, so it can be fed 3 times a day. From 10 months, the animal can eat 2 times a day. The amount of feed depends on the appetite of the kitten and its weight. At this age, Maine Coons are mobile, so you should not worry about their obesity. Maine Coon's daily diet should include meat and meat products at the rate of 110–150 g per 1 kg of animal weight.
Necessary living conditions
The door with the tray should be kept open, or the door intended for medium dogs should be inserted into it. In terms of dimensions, the tray should be from 40x80 cm, the height of its side is about 10 cm. You need to choose a tray with the edges bent inward, since Maine Coons like to scatter everything from the tray, and the owner is unlikely to like it. Maine Coons - cats are clean, they will not tolerate an untidy tray.
Maine Coons willingly choose a toilet instead of a tray
From the purchase of small bowls and saucers, which are planned to be used as dishes, it is better to immediately refuse. The ideal bowl for water is 30 cm in diameter and 10 cm deep. It is recommended to fill it with water by half. Change the liquid for the pet 2 times a day. On sale there are fountains-car drinkers created for cats-sloths.
The pet food bowl should be at least 15 cm in diameter and 6 cm deep. For dry food use a feeder or plates on a stand, designed for medium dogs.
Watching my friend’s Maine Coon, I can conclude that the animal definitely needs a quiet and peaceful place for privacy. Once, a friend bought a slide for her pet with a soft coating, in which there was a small house. He never entered it, because this shelter was in the very center of the room. But on the hill he was relaxing with pleasure, hanging one paw, like a real predator.
Hygiene and hair care
The pet must be healthy and happy. To do this, you need to properly care for it.
Hair Care Products
In order for the thick coat of the animal to be smooth and silky, the owner must acquire the following means:
- comb with rare and long teeth;
- comb with frequent and short teeth;
- a little puncher;
- a brush with natural pile;
- massage mitten;
- spray for cat hair.
You need to accustom the pussy to the procedure from the moment it appeared in your family. To process the hair of a kitten, a massage mitten or brush is used, and combs and a tuber are suitable for an adult animal.
My friend, who has Maine Coon, combes her pet for a long time, and this, I must say, gives him extraordinary pleasure. The cat constantly gets confused, gathering in lumps. According to her friend, if you do not comb the animal for a long time, then these wool balls can not be eliminated at home and you will have to go to the veterinarian. And the pet does not like to do this, and perhaps even experiences stress from such a change of scenery.
Photo Gallery: Means to Care for Maine Coon
- After unraveling the tundra with the hands of Maine Coons, a comb is used first with long and rare, then with short and frequent teeth
- After removing lumps from Maine Coon's wool
- A natural bristle brush is more commonly used for Maine Coon kittens.
- Massage mitten is often used to process kitten’s hair.
- Spray sprinklers on the body of Maine Coon
The ears of the cat should be examined twice a week. Normally, they are pink and clean. If sulfur has accumulated in the ears, which has a light yellow color, then treat the animal’s ear as follows:
- Lay the cat sideways on your lap, hold it to you.
- Open your cat's ear.
- Moisten a cotton swab in chlorhexidine or a special cat ear cleaning lotion.
- Gently wipe the inside of the ear without going deeper.
Maine Coon ears need to be processed when sulfur is accumulated in them
The owner of the Maine Coon must control the length of the nails of his pet, which is easy to do if they are transparent, without pigment. In the lumen in each of them are visible blood vessels reaching the tips with a normal length of the claws. If it is noticeable that the claws have grown, then they can be carefully trimmed without touching the vessels. To cut the claws of the animal, it is recommended to use special cat scissors. The haircut procedure should be carried out as follows:
- With your index finger, grab the paw pad located below the claw, and with your thumb, grab the skin over the claw, then squeeze your fingers a little.
- Make a cut carefully across the claw.
- Polish the sharp edge of the claw with a nail file or a piece of sandpaper.
Maine Coon claws need to be trimmed carefully without touching the blood vessels
Maine Coons have expressive large eyes, in the corners of which dirt often accumulates and a crust forms. It is strictly forbidden to remove it with your finger or fingernail. To eliminate dirt, it is recommended to use a cotton swab previously moistened in tea leaves.
Unlike other cat breeds, Maine Coons are less prone to plaque formation in the oral cavity. However, this does not mean that the condition of the mouth and teeth of animals does not need to be monitored. Maine Coon teeth need to be brushed with the help of specialized brushes and paste for animals.
Maine Coon teeth need to be cleaned with a specialized toothpaste and brush
Hygiene chemicals for these animals are strictly contraindicated.
Maine Coon Mating Features
Maine Coon must be one year old to mate. If you start mating earlier, then you can cause serious harm to the health of the animal or get weak offspring. From about a year, the animal is considered quite adult, its mating instincts begin to work. Maine Coon mating with other cat breeds is prohibited.
If the cat calmly admits the cat, then mating has occurred
When can an animal be neutered or sterilized?
It is possible to castrate or sterilize an animal in 9-12 months. Sometimes the Maine Coon body is formed already in half a year, and the doctor may prescribe castration or sterilization during this period.
Maine Coon Breeding as a Business
Some owners buy animals in order to breed them and make a profit from it. In this case, you need to buy a Maine Coon girl and take full care of her. You need to join the cat club with the animal, because otherwise its “babies” will be left without documents, which means that it will not be profitable to sell them. In this case, you need to make membership and entry fees for the year ahead. To receive the required papers, the cat must at least once take part in the international cat show, before paying the required amount. It is recommended that you do not just go to one event, limiting yourself to receiving an adjustable rating, but introduce the cat several times and close the title.
For mating, you need to pay a decent amount, as a result, you get an ordinary thoroughbred cat, since all the high-class "future fathers" are closed for mating on the side. The owners of some Maine Coons agree on the mating with the provision of all analyzes of the pet. There are others who do not require any documents, but they themselves do not provide.
It is possible that the litter will be too large, and it will be difficult for mother-maine coon to feed all kittens
It happens that a pregnant cat is ill or not at all pregnant. In this case, it is necessary to conclude a contract in which re-mating of animals will be indicated in case of nuances. At the birth of kittens, the following situations are not excluded, many of which can be foreseen and taken measures:
- during delivery, only 1-2 kittens are born;
- kittens die due to incompatibility with the parent blood group in the first 3-5 days;
- too much litter is born, and the cat does not have the opportunity to feed all the babies. In this case, it is better to invite a veterinarian, since most of the litter may die;
- after giving birth, the cat got an infection and the animal had to undergo surgery;
- the cat died during childbirth or after them.
How to choose Maine Coon and where to buy it
At the age of three months, Maine Coon kittens grow tassels on their ears, which means that a thoroughbred kitten can be recognized by them. At this age, kittens are slightly larger than other cats, their weight is 2–2.5 kg, while ordinary cats have 1–1.5 kg. Maine Coons, "Siberians" and Norwegian forest cats are similar in appearance - they all represent the image of a wild forest cat. In the “cubs” of the Norwegian forest cat, the ears are not so pronounced, but harmonious and set high - they have the lower part of the outer line of the ear as if continuing the line of the head.
Maine Coon kitten can be distinguished by wide-set oval eyes, while in the Norwegian forest they are larger and more open. Maine Coons have a moderate undercoat, a thick silky awn, and the integumentary hair is thin and yet elastic.
At the age of three months they can already be distinguished by the characteristic tassels on the ears
On average, the cost of a Maine Coon kitten ranges from 20 to 100 thousand rubles. The more interesting the color of the animal’s hair, the more expensive its cost.
In terms of buying Maine Coon, my friend was lucky: she was offered to buy an animal by a colleague whom she has known for many good years. Moreover, this same colleague made a good discount. My girlfriend didn’t even think about getting an animal. This is probably why she refused at first. And then, after telling her husband about the offer at dinner, she decided to buy a pet: it turns out that buying a cat was her husband's old dream. In addition, they really liked the breed in appearance. After reading information about the nature of the animal, the couple decided to purchase it, which they do not regret at all.
Reviews: Maine Coon owners about breed features
Breeders warned that with the onset of puberty, there will be a problem with the tail: very oily skin that needs to be degreased and often washed. This was confirmed, his puberty began very quickly (probably due to the proximity with our beauty Musa), so they did not have time to look back, and on the tail of the bald spot is small, and the skin is oily. The problem was solved, as a result, now the tail is a sight for sore eyes! But now the hair on the stomach is very oily, woolen lumps are formed, we suffer: comb out, wash, and sometimes one is unreal and have to be cut off.
Fedya is a very talkative girl. She constantly purrs and meows. Always when the husband comes home from work, he runs to meet him and barks until he takes her in his arms and starts stroking him. This is not just a cat, but a cat-horse, no particular accuracy in movements, like a small tank blowing everything in its path. She especially likes to jump onto the window and God forbid to leave there a flower pot in her path, she will immediately be on the floor. The cat is very curious and stubborn. If she’s interested in something, even if the count on her head is comic, you won’t drag her away from an activity that is interesting to her.
I have Maine Coon. Age 2 years. It is very difficult to describe what it is. I would say COMFORTABLE: touching, tenderness, devotion, kindness, intelligence, and at the same time unobtrusiveness. He is ALWAYS near the owner. But at the same time, he never gets on the keyboard, doesn’t wedge between his face and the book, he just lies next to him, he’ll be happy when you stroke him 🙂 I think I’ll start another one.
Video: what the future maine coon owner needs to know
A kind, sympathetic and loyal beast waiting for you from work is not a dog at all, but a Maine Coon cat. His deep, kind eyes and developed intellect easily conquer others. An animal simply does not have negative qualities of character - it does not require a lot of attention and will not take revenge if you decide to chide it a little. In general, the animal easily converges with other four-legged friends of the family, with the exception of rodents, and also makes contact with children without any problems. Buying a pet for them as a gift, you will not regret your choice, which, however, always remains with you.