The German boxer is a merry fellow with a warlike appearance who just needs discipline and boundless love from the owners. This dog can perform most of the duties, but being a pleasant companion does not bother her at all. What kind of breed is it and what are its features?
Researchers believe that the ancestors of the boxers were the ancient Tibetan Great Dane, which appeared in ancient Greece and Rome before the beginning of our era. On the territory of Greece, these dogs were used for breeding military dogs - Molossians, which quickly spread throughout European countries.
According to another version, dog-shaped dogs also lived in northern Europe, and it was the Great Dane that became the ancestor of the English mastiff breed. Later, the first boxers formed from mastiffs.
Northern hybrid dogs of the Great Dane family came to central European countries. For example, at that time, bullenbeysers, small and large, were in fashion in Germany. These dogs were also the ancestors of boxers. Having small dimensions, small bullenbeysers were fearless and agile, which allowed them to be used for bullying bulls, as well as for hunting large animals.
The appearance of the first boxers dates back to the 1850th year, it happened in Munich. Breeding activities with bulldogs, mastiffs and bullenbasers yielded results. Producers managed to breed a disciplined breed that combines healthy aggression, excellent physical data and developed intelligence.
Therefore, boxers can control themselves, possess obedience and are aimed at serving people. The complete formation of the breed occurred at the end of the 19th century, at the same time the standard was approved, and the first clubs appeared.
The breed got its fighting name because of the way its representatives played, sorting through the air with its paws, as if boxing in the ring.
German Boxer Breed Description
Dogs are of medium height, proud posture, stocky physique. They have developed, dry muscles, the relief of which clearly stands out under the coat.
Distinctive characteristics in appearance are as follows:
- The head of the dogs is quite compact, and the closer in size the width of the muzzle with the skull, the more ideal it is. There is a dark mask on the face. The lower jaw protrudes forward, giving the boxers a warlike appearance. The teeth are strong, set symmetrically, they are not visible when the mouth of the animal is closed.
- The nose is slightly upturned.
- The ears are high enough. If they are stopped, then they become acute.
- Eyes with a dark iris, a look without aggression, energetic and inquisitive.
- The body of the boxers is square, that is, the length and height at the withers are equal. The back and lower back are short, strong.
- The limbs of the boxers are massive, correctly set. Dogs are distinguished by wide croup, this is especially noticeable in bitches. The belly of the dogs is lean, fully matched.
The coat of the boxers is short, hard, and fits snugly to the body. There are two colors:
- red (from saturated red to light yellow);
- brindle (from golden to dark, gloomy tone).
Stripes according to the standard should have clear lines. White markings are allowed, they even make the appearance of dogs more aesthetic. Dogs with a different coat color - white, gray, black, with a lot of white and others are marriage.
See also: why a dog drools from his mouth .
In the character of a boxer, a fighting spirit must be present, this instinct is called functional. Dogs fight selflessly and with pleasure. Moreover, this quality manifests itself already in infancy. Gradually, the games are becoming tougher, turning into a real battle. But if you often satisfy the dog’s need for a splash of emotions and a show of strength, the dog can become overly pugnacious.
Representatives of the breed are found with a low threshold of irritation and constant readiness to fight. They can be dangerous, but mostly thoroughbred dogs believe in their own strength and use them exclusively in times of danger.
Photo of a German boxer
Boxers are merciless to enemies and infinitely loyal to their family. Due to their playfulness, they are excellent companions for children, they can play tirelessly. And thanks to the natural instinct to protect the weak, the dog will never touch the child and will forgive any awkwardness, even causing pain. If the baby begins to bother a lot, the boxer will get away somewhere far away.
Dogs of this breed need a constant presence near the owners and very difficult to tolerate separation. But unfamiliar personalities cause boxers to distrust and wariness. No, the dog will not attack unreasonably, but will not let the rookie out of sight. In case of danger, he will certainly show his fighting qualities.
Do not believe the fables that boxers are dumb. In fact, these dogs are very smart and smart, their training will not cause difficulties even for a beginner.
Power and stamina allows the use of boxers as service dogs. They can accompany a moving bike or a galloping horse.
How to care for a boxer
Caring for a boxer is not at all troublesome and uncomplicated. It is worth paying due attention to the folds of the skin in the face and nose, they must be wiped daily, cleaning from moisture and food debris.
The dog should comb out the hair a couple of times a week using a rubber or silicone massage brush. Such care will ensure the removal of dead hair and epidermis, remove pollution. In addition, combing will improve blood circulation and have a relaxing effect on the pet.
Dog breed German boxer pictured with the owner
The weak point of thoroughbred representatives is the paw pads, and, despite their hardness and strength, they are often injured. It is recommended after a walk to examine the pet's paws, whether there are wounds, cuts, abrasions on them. Many professional breeders lubricate the paws of dogs before and after walks. This is especially true when it comes to a puppy, a young or aging animal.
Since boxers are designed to live in a house or apartment, they need regular clipping of their claws . This will save the pet from uncomfortable sensations when moving and prevent rotation or distortion of the nail plate. The procedure should be performed once a week.
Boxers do not need to be washed frequently, it is enough for them to take a bath once every six months. Naturally, with severe contamination, additional unplanned bathing is necessary. To wash the pet will need warm water, but not higher than 32 ° C. At the same time, the bath procedure should not be too long. To care for the boxer's coat, it’s worth buying special shampoos for dogs whose pH level is lowered.
Boxer refers to hyperactive dogs, however, this does not interfere with his life in the human home. Many owners of small apartments are confused by the size of the representatives of this breed, but the long years of adaptation allow boxers to have modest demands on the size of housing.
Of course, the lounger for the dog should be spacious, despite the fact that most often boxers like to sleep curled up. And one more nuance, these dogs have a habit of observing and keeping abreast of all events, their socialization is at a high level, so their place should not be located far from everyone.
Boxers are short-haired dogs . Their hair is able to protect the animal from cold at low temperatures only in cases where the pet is moving. Therefore, long walks in bad weather are not recommended. And at home, you should have a pet's berth away from drafts.
During the off-season, when it can be cool at home, it is advisable to wear a vest or other dog clothes on the boxer.
How to train a dog
The boxer is perfect for training, as he understands the owner at a glance. If you give commands, clearly pronouncing the words, then the dog for a long time remembers the information. The recommended age for starting training is 3 months.
During this period, you can independently train a puppy or seek professional help. If we are talking about an adult dog, then it is better to entrust its education to people who know dog psychology. Boxers are also capable of being trained dogs.
The purpose of the training is to ensure that the pet executes commands the first time under any conditions. Dog handlers recommend that owners of boxers take a special training course that allows them to teach the dog to protect the owner. If you plan to get not only a companion dog, but also a bodyguard, then you can not do without it. Learning will increase the animal’s self-control. Especially if the dog is fearful, then this unacceptable quality will disappear.
The basic commands of a boxer can be taught even by a child, provided that he is over 12 years old. Dogs quickly become accustomed to a street toilet. They are easy to wean from spoiling things and biting in the game of arms and legs. Also, representatives of this breed quickly learn that it is impossible to pick up something from the ground, as well as take a treat from the hands of strangers.
Difficulty can arise when establishing behavioral rules, that is, fixing the owner of a dog as a leader. But if the owner shows kindness and severity at the same time, plus shows perseverance, then the pet will obey the requirements.
A boxer can be a child’s dog, but adults are required to help a small owner raise a pet.
Teams for a boxer:
If we are talking about a dry diet, then the protein should be no more than 30%. Higher rates are acceptable when feeding dogs with high physical exertion or growing babies.
When a pet receives natural food, half of the diet should consist of foods that are a source of protein. From meat, the best option is raw beef and boiled offal. Before serving, cut the meat into small pieces.
Boxers are recommended to give raw vegetables - pumpkin, zucchini, carrots. Of the cereals for the dog, buckwheat, hercules, corn grits are useful.
Like dogs of other breeds , boxers should be fed twice - morning and evening, and in hot weather the number of meals can be reduced to once. Read the article about how many times to feed a dog .
German Boxer Puppy
German Boxer Video
How much does a German boxer puppy cost
Today the breed has somewhat lost its former popularity, therefore, nurseries are located mainly in large cities of the Russian state. The cost of a boxer puppy starts at 20,000 rubles. From the hands of a pet with a pedigree, you can buy for 8000-10000 thousand.
Boxers are loyal and faithful friends, as well as excellent defenders with excellent mental data.
German Boxer Nurseries
Boxers Nursery in Moscow and the Moscow Region: www.aivengo.ru
Nursery in St. Petersburg: www.nikink.ru
Nursery in Ukraine: www.eleve-boxers.com