British women are one of the most popular domestic cats. But these cats, in addition to the "branded" plush fur, can have a completely different - fluffy, long - almost like a Persian. This breed is called British Longhair.
History of breed origin
The British are sincerely proud of the strong and beautiful cat with blue plush hair and huge amber eyes. The British Shorthair - and it is precisely about it - has become one of the symbols of foggy Albion. According to legend, the ancestors of these cats got here almost two millennia ago - they were imported by the Romans.
Over time, the animals assimilated into the local cat population and phenotypically adapted to new living conditions - a cold, humid climate. Cats of native breed, which gradually developed in Britain, had a strong body, thick fur and independent disposition.
This wonderful cat is Britain's national pride
In 1889, a magnificent white cat was presented to the public at a large London exhibition, with which the British breed led the official countdown. In an effort to further improve her hair, breeders at the beginning of the last century actively crossed shaving with Persians, but nothing good came out of this experiment - hybrids often had curved skulls, and their hair became softer, knocked and curled.
The breed, whose phenotype and genotype were spoiled, had to be restored, but after some time the breeders again had to resort to interbreeding. The fact is that World War II dealt a blow to the number of British cats, which was reduced to a critical minimum. The rush of Persian and Cartesian blood this time saved the situation. But since then in the litters of the shorthair British kittens with long fur began to appear every now and then - they were considered a breed marriage.
British longhair cat - brit and pers in one "bottle"
It would be unfair to ignore such beauty. And in 2001, a long-haired British cat entered the official TICA and WCF lists as an independent breed, and three years later it received its first standard. These fluffy beauties are often called British, unlike the plush "sisters." And on the American continent, they are better known under the name Highlander (or Lawlender).
Appearance of British Longhair
Highlander - a new implementation of the old breed, which has so many fans. The British cat remained so British - according to all its external articles. She only “dressed” in another coat - more charged and richer.
The impressive dimensions of these pets immediately attract attention. A large, stocky, tightly knocked-down body is equipped with developed muscles; significantly adds volume and long thick fur. Longhair not only looks, but is actually a big cat - the average weight of an adult is seven to eight kilograms.
The CFA standard describes the British Longhair as a cat with a wide skeleton, strong short legs and a short, very fluffy tail, bent at the tip. The head is round, with a pronounced powerful chin, puffy cheeks and a neat, straight nose. Eyes do not have to be painted in yellow - it is preferable that their color is in harmony with the basic color tone.
The main asset and distinguishing feature of the highlander is its magnificent coat. It is not "cottony", like the Persians, but softer than the shorthair shaving. The length of the outer hair is not less than four centimeters. Due to the large amount of the down, the fur does not adhere to the skin, but sticks out almost perpendicularly. In the area of panties, collar and tail, the hair is longer.
The increase and variety of breed colors is the development strategy that breeders have chosen for the British Shorthair. Now the breed has about three hundred color and patterned variations - and this is far from the limit.
The most common among highlander groups is the one-color, or solid (solid) colors, in which color uniformity is valued, and each hair from root to tip should be dyed evenly. Here are the main colors from this group:
- the black;
Red cat out of competition in any breed
British Blue - breed classic
White Briton - just like a cat breed began
Chocolate Briton - a rare and sought-after color
Cream Brit - tenderness and sophistication
Purple Briton - exclusive and sophistication
Smoky (smoky) colors are rare in any breed. They are especially good on long fur with a contrasting combination of colors. Therefore, “black smoke” remains beyond any competition, and the beauty of the color is revealed to the maximum in the movements of the cat. Color gradation is achieved due to the fact that the ends of the coat are dyed darker than the roots. The stomach is always lighter than the back.
The color "black smoke" is spectacular and very expensive.
The following color options are popular:
- black smoke;
- chocolate smoke;
- red smoke;
- purple smoke.
Like all cats, only females can have a tortoise color - well, and a small number of mutant cats. Each such cat wears an exclusive fur coat - two identical patterns cannot be found.
"Turtles" are unique and inimitable
“Turtles” is a globally recognized talisman of luck. But this tricolor fluffy mascot may look different. The following color types are distinguished:
- tortie - color spots randomly mixed into a scaly pattern;
- calico - three colors are combined in a patchwork technique;
- tortoiseshell with white - a kind of bicolor, combining white wool with colorful spots of cake.
Tabby colors are relatively rare in long-shaven shaving - except perhaps marble patterns, made in contrasting colors. The fact is that a small pattern (for example, mackerel) is crushed and blurred on a long thick coat, which makes it look not very presentable. Such options are not in high demand - namely, demand, we will be frank, and largely determines the direction of development of cat breeds.
Photo gallery: tabby-variations of the colors of long-haired British
- Marble patterns are popular with British women.
- A variant of the "wild" color - black marble on gold
- The mackerel pattern on the long coat is inexpressive
- The color black marble on silver looks amazing
- Color-point color may have tabby elements
Two-tone colors “to face” the fluffy British - due to the white, they look very elegant and positive. And color spots can be both solid, and carry elements of tabby or cake.
Photo gallery: bicolor colors of British longhair
- A blue and white cat is beautiful and elegant
- Tabby elements can be in bicolor
- Bicolor with chocolate - a rare combination
- Black and white is always a win-win
Color Point - an acromelanic color that is traditionally called Siamese - changes the appearance of a long-haired British cat literally beyond recognition, which brings additional variety to the breed. Moreover, both the main background and the points with this color have many color variations.
Photo Gallery: Color Point British Longhair
- Highlander classic color point that many buyers like
- Color point in white "socks" causes emotion
- Highlander cream color point decorate tabby elements
- Highlander smoky color point - exclusive color
Chinchilla is a relatively new and very beautiful color. A special visual effect is achieved by the fact that the tips of most of the outer hairs are dark. This is pronounced on the back and tip of the tail, and the fur on the stomach and chest is significantly lighter.
Photo Gallery: Long-haired British Chinchilla
- Highlander Red Chinchilla - Contrast and Spectacular
- Highlander silver chinchilla - exquisitely and gently
- Highlander white chinchilla - bright, elegant, unique
- Highlander golden chinchilla - truly royal color
Nature and behavior
Combining the blood of a proud British woman and a swaggering Persian, the highlander got a wonderful character as a result - friendly and sociable, but at the same time calm and unobtrusive.
Positive and negative qualities, preferences
Owners of British Longhair consider their pets ideal, but you and I know that this does not happen - and this breed also has both advantages and disadvantages.
Pros and Cons of a Longhair British Breed
|Advantages of the breed||Disadvantages of the breed|
- beautiful appearance;
- attached to the owner;
- patient and self-sufficient;
- affectionate and obedient;
- get along with other pets
- strongly fade;
- are stubborn;
- prone to overeating and obesity;
- frequent digestive problems;
- difficulties in toilet training happen
Relationship with people
The owner and his activities are always interesting to this cat - she is ready to accompany her main person everywhere and watch him. Family, good relations between households, peace and comfort are very important for a long-haired British woman; in critical situations, she often takes on the role of a peacemaker. Patient in relation to too active young children, but he will not tolerate familiarity from strangers, although he behaves smoothly and hospitable with everyone who comes into the house.
Cats of this breed are very attached to the owners.
Liveliness with other pets
The British are absolutely non-conflict, and in case of misunderstandings in a large company they often act as peacekeepers. They get along well with other cats, and even with dogs, but on one condition - no one should encroach on their rights and territory. But it is better not to leave the birds and small rodents alone with these cats - the hunting instinct, which is very strong for them, may suddenly work.
British Longhair cats health
The indigenous roots provided this young breed with enviable health and reliable immunity. But British Longhair has its own characteristics, which must be taken into account.
The British breed has a phenomenon that is very rare in other cats - Britons can have blood of two different groups - A and B. In both cases, the animals are healthy and can give offspring. But the incompatibility of blood in a parental couple can turn into a tragedy for posterity - receiving antibodies from the mother with her milk, the babies die before the age of three days.
Breastmilk with blood incompatibility can be harmful to kittens
To reduce the risks of incompatibility, manufacturers are tested for blood type. But the domestic rapid test has a large error, and accurate studies are so far only available in the United States. You can save kittens if you transfer them to artificial feeding immediately after birth.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is an incurable hereditary disease that is caused by a pathology of the heart muscle and can be fatal. Timely diagnosed illness will allow the animal to maintain health medically and in other ways (diet, decreased physical activity, etc.). For this, the pet is recommended to conduct an ultrasound examination of the heart every six months until it reaches the age of eight.
Regular examinations by your veterinarian will help you avoid many serious illnesses.
To avoid such an unpleasant phenomenon as helminthiasis, it is necessary to carry out complex antiparasitic treatment of the animal at least twice a year, and in cats that are often on the street, “drive off” helminths every three months.
The appearance of tartar indicates an incorrect doctrine of nutrition or digestive disorders. After consulting with a veterinarian, you need to review these factors and remove tartar - there are modern painless methods for this.
Lack of tartar is a sign of good nutrition and good digestion.
Content and features of care
With proper and proper maintenance, wonderful Britons will delight you for a long time, at least twenty years; these cats are centenarians.
Not only the beauty of the coat, but also the health status of your pet depends on a properly selected diet - regardless of which feeding concept you prefer: natural or ready-made feed. A common mistake of many owners is overfeeding British women. Representatives of this breed do not complain about appetite and are immoderate in food. Owners are happy to indulge their gluttony, and these good intentions do not end in anything good.
This bbw is overweight from malnutrition
Outwardly cute fat cats are actually obese, which negatively affects the functions of almost all body systems. It is impossible to overfeed British cats, but regular exercise and feasible physical activity will only benefit them.
In the lines of some brands there are feeds specially developed for the British breed or for a group of long-haired breeds. But when choosing a diet for pets, it is more important to take into account their individual qualities:
- health status;
- activity and lifestyle;
- sensitivity and allergy;
- features (for example, in sterilized individuals);
- taste preferences.
Based on this, it is necessary to choose a complete feed - only high-quality, from a reliable manufacturer. It makes sense to consider a proposal of the level of superpremium or holistic. In the rating of super premium, such cat foods are in the lead:
- Brit Premium (produced in the Czech Republic, ~ 286 rubles per 1 kg);
- Organix (produced in the Netherlands, ~ 308 rubles per 1 kg);
- Probalance (produced in Russia, ~ 195 rubles per 1 kg);
- Ontario (produced in the Czech Republic, ~ 338 rubles per 1 kg);
- Science Plan (produced in the Netherlands and the Czech Republic, ~ 480 rubles per 1 kg).
Super premium feed is a good choice for your pet
It’s definitely not worth saving on food, and therefore on the health of your pet, so it makes sense to consider the best food in the holistic class for his menu:
- Acana (produced in Canada, ~ 847 rubles per 1 kg);
- Carnilove (produced in the Czech Republic, ~ 612 rubles per 1 kg);
- Go Natural (produced in Canada, ~ 734 rubles per 1 kg);
- Grandorf (produced in Belgium and France, ~ 675 rubles per 1 kg);
- Farmina N&D (produced in Italy and Serbia, ~ 699 rubles per 1 kg).
Holistic feed is the best: what can you offer your cat
Do not overfeed your British women and do not offer them “human” food - the natural menu for a cat looks completely different. It, for example, may include such components:
- boiled chicken or raw frozen beef;
- boiled offal;
- raw quail eggs;
- dairy products (primarily kittens);
- boiled cereal mixed with meat;
- vitamin complex.
Human food doesn't fit the cat at all
And here's what you don’t need to give your cat for lunch:
- tubular bird and fish bones - such a “complementary feeding” may result in the cat being corny choked, or perforation (perforation) of internal organs will occur.
- foods that are not absorbed by the stomachs of small predators - all legumes and potatoes.
- fatty, smoked, spicy, sweet, salty - threatens metabolic disorders.
Give preference to fractional nutrition - feed the cat in small portions three to four times a day. And be sure to introduce fresh weed into the diet to cleanse the stomach of lumps of wool. Such a vitamin supplement can be grown on your own or purchased at a pet store; special pastes are also offered for the same purpose.
There should be fresh grass in your pet's diet
Necessary living conditions
All cats are territorial animals, and your Briton should have her own corner in the apartment, equipped with a cozy couch, scratching post, and favorite cardboard boxes. Here, your pet will begin to store all her toys.
The cat in the house must have its own territory
Hygiene and hair care
It is not worth bathing highlander with shampoos more often than three to four times a year. During breaks, use gentle means for cleansing the coat, with which you can do without washing - and, therefore, without too much stress for the animal.
Video: bathing a dirty cat
The owner of the highlander should stock up on a good puncher and furminator, and combing out should be done with a daily procedure. Although the hair of this breed is not as problematic as that of the Persians, it is not difficult to launch it, and then only radical haircuts will save the cat.
Even such a creative haircut is a necessary measure to save lost wool
Video: comb the cat correctly
Table: the best makeup for long-haired british
|Name of facility||Appointment||Manufacturer||Estimated price|
|Mr.gee||shampoo for dry washing and degreasing||Russia||327 rub over 95 g|
|Baldecchi Cat Line Sgrass||degreasing paste for long thick coat||Italy||1100-1200 rub. over 250 ml|
|Iv san bernard purifying shampoo||Dead Sea Salt Cleansing Shampoo||Italy||720-750 rub. per 1000 ml|
|Phytoelitis||tart shampoo||Russia||67.6 rub for 220 ml|
|Ms.Kiss "Luxurious Lioness"||conditioning shampoo for long-haired breeds||Switzerland||175 rub for 200 ml|
|Herba vitae||regenerating shampoo for long-haired breeds||Bosnia and Herzegovina||69 rub over 250 ml|
|Ring5 Deep Black (Black Out)||shade shampoo for cats of a dark color||USA||770–780 rub. over 350 ml|
|Iv san bernard cristal clean||shampoo for white and light colors against yellowing of the coat||Italy|
Ear and eye cleaning
Long hair increases the risk of infection in the eyes and ears, so they need to be cleaned at least once a week. For the procedure, ordinary cotton pads soaked in warm water are suitable; You can use special lotions.
Keep your ears clean - this is a weak point in the health of British Longhair
The claws of this breed grow quickly, so they will have to be cut. Using the guillotine clipper, this procedure is easy to carry out, but cats usually do not like her.
Sometimes claws are cut with care
Anti-scratches are multi-colored caps made of silicone, which are glued to the claws and change every two to three weeks. But such a fashionable manicure is also not suitable for everyone - many cats gnaw at the "beauty" on the very first day.
Anti-scratches for cats have their pros and cons
Features of mating and breeding
The new breed is still few in number, so it is not easy to form a successful pair of producers: they must have one blood group, not carry bad heredity and combine well in blood. In the interests of the breed, it is better to leave the breeding to professionals - experienced breeders.
Only absolutely healthy animals with a certificate of pedigree compliance can participate in breeding. If you do not have such plans, it is better to sterilize your pet in a timely manner; the optimal age for this is from nine months to a year. If you want to get offspring from your cat, take your time with the first mating - it must be done no earlier than the third estrus, when the expectant mother is already fully formed.
Be prepared for the fact that litter can be prolific, and kittens will grow up slowly - this happens often in large breeds.
Cats of this breed take care of babies for a long time, which develop quite slowly.
How to choose a kitten
Breeding paradox: a long-haired baby can be born not only in highlander, but also in short-haired British women - in this case it will be considered as a breed marriage and cost much less. The average price of a show class kitten is one and a half to two thousand dollars. For that kind of money (or slightly cheaper), scammers can offer you a charming puss “with documents”, which will have nothing to do with the breed.
British Longhair kitten - isn't he charming?
Learn the breed standards - only at first glance all fluffy kittens are alike. The British Longhair kitten is most similar to the British Shorthair kitten, which is less difficult to identify. Just imagine the baby offered to you in a fur coat with a short fur - this will help.
British kittens, long-haired and short-haired, similar, like twin brothers in different fur coats
But it’s more correct, of course, not to rely on your observation skills, but to buy a baby in a reputable nursery and conclude a formal contract with the breeder, which can largely guarantee your baby’s breed and its hereditary health.
the cat is very kind, never scratched or bitten - even if we treat it, it is an ideal cat for children.
There have never been health problems. Wool, if combed out, will not roll around the house. Patiently washes and combes out, walks on a leash, loves people, especially children.
She loves to sit on the windowsill and look at the birds flying by. The character is calm, one might even say royal.
Speaking briefly about the character, it is ideal for busy people, they do not need a lot of attention, the main thing is that the owner should be nearby
Very picky in food - does not eat anything except bags with canned goods, and even more special tastes. He has an independent character - a real lord, he will never sit in his arms if he does not want to.
Affectionate kitty, but very gluttonous. She eats a lot. It is played a lot. Loves her husband to stupefaction. Only he will lie down and she is by his side. where he goes, there she is. And rumbles, rumbles, rumbles.
He doesn’t like to wash and does not let his belly comb out, so there are tackles that cannot be removed on their own. Have to cut for the summer. But in general, I am very pleased with my choice, I love him very much and do not regret that I started this breed.
From childhood, he hisses, growls, does not like guests, trips to the veterinary clinic end sadly, either I or my husband go to the emergency room after the veterinarian (Once he bit my finger when he was vaccinated (
Very clever. Loves children. but only ours)). If I raise the tone for a child (one is 18 years old, the second is 11) the cat rushes, it becomes between me and the child and starts to meow loudly! Type: do not yell at children !!!
The cat, which instantly turns into intonation, does everything if asked affectionately and nothing if rude. Sometimes I think, here is an example of an ideal female character. Looking back, I can’t even imagine how life would have been fresh and mundane without my cat.
British longhair cats are a very beautiful and interesting breed. Keeping a highlander at home will bring you a lot of joy and new experiences.