In Russia, there are a huge number of birds; you can meet birds in all natural areas of the country. These are water and forest, field and city birds of the tundra and the Arctic. A lot of birds are rare and endangered species, so they are listed in the Red Book. Unfortunately, there are birders who sell birds at the zoo markets. Those people who care about the conservation of nature should not buy birds, because otherwise they will finance this criminal and destructive activity for the fauna.
Birds find a home in various places: both in a thick forest, and in noisy cities. Some species have adapted to live nearby human settlements, and over time have become full-fledged inhabitants of cities. They had to change the rhythms of life and diet, find new places for nesting and new materials for their arrangement. City birds make up about 24% of the total avifauna of Russia.
In the cities you can meet the following types:
Birds living in cities make nests in buildings and structures, in the crowns of trees growing in the courtyards of residential complexes, in squares and parks. In addition to the above species, in various places you can find ravens and tits, jays and magpies, black-headed oak-bumps and jackdaws.
On the banks of rivers and seas, lakes and swamps, one can find numerical flocks of waterfowl. The largest representatives are mandarin ducks and stones, sandpipers and seagulls, loons and coots, kingfishers and turpans, storm petrels and hatchets, guillemots and cormorants, ochachny chistiki and dead-end rhinos. These species feed on marine, river small animals and fish.
Dead end rhino
On the rocky shores of some islands and on the shores of the seas, huge bird markets are often found. They are inhabited by a variety of species that get along well with each other. These are mainly gulls, cormorants and guillemots. The territory of bird bazaars is quite safe and protected from predators, and in case of danger, birds give alarm sounds. During mass congestion, birds make their nests, lay and hatch eggs, and then grow their offspring.
Birds are inextricably linked with plants such as trees, because in the branches they find protection and a house, so they live in forests. The species diversity of avifauna depends on the forest, whether it is coniferous, mixed or broad-leaved. The following bird species live in the forests:
This is not a complete list of all the inhabitants of the forest.
Among field and meadow birds are the following representatives:
Golden feather pheasant
These birds not only fly, but jump and run fast, jump and fuss, chasing and hunting for someone. They make special sounds, guard and affirm their territory, and some of them sing beautifully.
The birds of the tundra and the Arctic have adapted to cold climatic conditions. In addition, there is no diversity of vegetation, only small bushes, some types of grasses, lichens and mosses. In the tundra are found:
In the arctic zone there are:
The Big Horse
Thus, a huge number of birds live in Russia. Certain climatic zones are characterized by specific species that have adapted to life to a particular nature. They earn their own food and build nests in the conditions to which they are already accustomed. In general, it is worth noting that Russia has a very rich bird world.