The Tibetan Spaniel, or Tibby, is a decorative dog from Asia. She has an unusual character, cute appearance, and numerous legends go about the history of the appearance of the breed. The appearance of tibby resembles a large Pekingese. Perhaps the Pekingese played a role in the development of the breed, but there is so little information about the origin of the Tibetan spaniel that any of the hypotheses may hold.
The history of the breed
About tibby it became known long before people began to enter dogs in stud books. They first appeared among the monks of Tibet. This breed of dog was used for protection and religious services.
Tibetan Spaniel is a very ancient breed that was bred by monks
As guards, they were placed on the walls of the monastery, where they emitted a loud bark when strangers appeared. These dogs themselves could not protect against unexpected guests, so the guards came to their aid more seriously: Tibetan mastiffs.
Tibetan spaniels always worked in tandem with mastiffs, the enemies could only sympathize
Tibby's second duty was to rotate the prayer drums on which the texts for worship were placed. These dogs lived with the monks and accompanied them on all trips. A Tibetan friend was not sold, he was only allowed to give. Thus, the spaniel came to China, as a result of which many other breeds went from it, although numerous disputes are being conducted on this subject.
Europe learned about this dog only in 1880, when the English breeder Miss Mack Laren Morrison brought the pet to Britain. Since 1960, the spaniel has traveled all over the world.
Only in the middle of the 20th century did the whole world speak about tibby, and with every decade this breed attracts more and more attention
In 2010, the Tibetan Spaniel took 104th place in the ranking of the most popular dogs, and in 2012 rose to 102nd.
Tibetan Spaniel Character
Spaniels are considered hunting dogs, but this does not apply to Tibby. He has always been recognized as a companion dog. The Tibetan Spaniel has a very kind disposition, he is cheerful, playful, respects his master, but also requires respect for himself. The breed is very mobile, loves walks in the fresh air.
Since from ancient times, Tibby guarded the peace of the monks at a decent height, and in our time, his descendants are not averse to jumping onto the back of a sofa or wardrobe. In this, tibby is correlated with a cat. You can also compare them by their ability to relieve stress, as spaniels are very sensitive to changes in the mood of the owner. They endure scandals and quarrels in the family hard.
In relation to other pets, Tibby behave loyally. But the strangers are suspicious, although they do not show aggression. This breed is generally not prone to hostility; it easily coexists with other individuals. A good relationship develops with the children, but the dog will be indignant if they start to drag her by the tail, ears. Therefore, it is worth controlling the communication of the child with the animal. Best spaniel converges with children from the age of seven years.
The Tibetan spaniel loves walks in the fresh air, the owner will also have a playful mood
One of the signs says that Tibby is a talisman that protects against evil spirits.
Video: Tibetan Spaniels play for a walk
The Tibetan Spaniel is a small breed, but you can often hear that it is a "big dog in a small body."
Tibetan spaniels are miniature dogs. Height at the withers of males reaches 27 cm, females - 24 cm. Weight - from 4 to 7 kg.
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It is necessary to monitor the weight of the spaniel, as it must have an average skeleton
Since Tibby came to us from Tibet, where temperatures are extremely low, nature initially took care that the dog did not freeze. Her coat is two-layered: the top is silky and thick undercoat. On the muzzle and forelegs, the hair is short, on the trunk is medium, on the hips and ears is longer.
The color of the spaniel is the most diverse: golden, black, black with brown. The standard provides for any options, but dogs with a white spot on the chest are especially appreciated. According to legend, it is a symbol of a pure heart. And the white mark on the forehead is the sign of the Buddha. But there is a negative sign: a snow-white tail. He talks about thieves' inclinations.
In Europe, this dog is very popular. At exhibitions, 200–250 tibbies are presented. In Russia, this is worse, usually about 15–20 dogs are recruited.
Photo Gallery: Tibetan Spaniel
- Golden with white - a fairly common color among Tibetan spaniels
- Black color is appreciated among lovers of Tibby, especially if a white spot flaunts on the chest
- There are also three-colored individuals of the Tibetan spaniel, a sign says that this is for good luck
Tibby's muzzle is of medium length and flattened. There should be no wrinkles on it. The lower jaw is wide and deep. The eyes are expressive, oval. The rims of the eyes, like the nose, are always black.
Table: Brief characteristics of the breed
|24–27 cm||4-7 kg||Brown, black, white and various crosses||Two-layer, thick, silky||16-18 years old|
The puppy can be taken at the age of 8-12 weeks. The breeder must do all vaccinations.
Look at the baby, it should have a flattened muzzle, wide-set eyes, a flat back, hanging ears, a clean coat.
If the puppy is playful, agile and curious, then most likely he is healthy.
Ask the breeder for parental certificates . Without these documents, there is no certainty of meeting the breed standard. If the little Tibby has a swollen stomach, then this indicates the presence of worms. Do not be afraid to ask the breeder when he got rid of the parasites.
Tibby’s health is evidenced by his activity, he must be playful and inquisitive
This dog is exclusively suitable for an apartment. In no case should it be placed in the yard, a booth set up and forced to guard the territory. Find and arrange a cozy corner where the baby will be able to relax after an active pastime. Be prepared that from the first day in the apartment the dog will begin to bark. Barking for her is a manifestation of feelings. In addition, she will constantly react in a similar way to unfamiliar guests.
If you took a puppy in the winter, then you should not walk him immediately. Better accustom to the tray, and with the onset of heat, take to the street. In cool weather, dress your baby, buy overalls, slippers for him. It is necessary to walk the spaniel often and for a long time, since the breed is very active. Load the pet physically, do not prohibit the game with other dogs. And at first always praise him when he goes to the toilet.
You can read more about how to train a dog in a toilet on the street in the article https://kot-pes.com/kak-sobaku-priuchit-k-tualetu-na-ulice/
The Tibetan Spaniel is difficult to tolerate loneliness. Do not leave your pet unattended for a long time, otherwise he will begin to express dissatisfaction with the help of a loud bark. Also in protest can gnaw things.
Teaching tibby teams is not very good because of their stubborn nature. To teach a dog of this breed something, you need to try very hard. The owner needs to repeat the command 40 times so that the pet understands it. It is extremely important to start training in puppyhood, otherwise in the future the dog will not understand you at all.
Tibby is by no means stupid, he’s just very wayward, so you need help in training. Consult a specialist.
Frequent and long walks are very important for the Tibetan spaniel
Tibby has a thick and silky coat. In order for it to remain such, constant care is required. Comb your pet one day a week. And during seasonal molting, which occurs 1-2 times a year, this should be done daily.
You can’t bathe a dog all the time, the appearance of dermatitis is possible. If you nevertheless washed it, then immediately dry the hair with a hairdryer. In this case, the air stream should not be too hot; choose a device where minimal settings for the air flow are possible. When bathing, use special shampoos and conditioners: One Step Herbal Shampoo Conditioner, Conditioning Rinse.
The Tibetan Spaniel is not sheared. Usually, only the hair between the legs and hairs hanging above the eyes are trimmed.
The pet needs to brush his teeth. Choose any paste that your dog likes and there will be no problem. Ears require special care. They are cleaned twice a week with cotton pads, and examined every day. Eyes are also inspected; when acidified, they are treated with a damp cotton swab.
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Once a month, tibbies cut their claws, but this is necessary if the pet begins to grind them on furniture. You need to perform the procedure from an early age so that the baby gets used to it. Trimming should be done very carefully so as not to damage the blood vessels. If you are afraid to do this yourself, go to the veterinarian for the first time and learn from him.
Many owners use a nail file instead of a nail clipper.
The spaniel is fed in much the same way as dogs of other small breeds. Adults are given natural products. But it is better for puppies to offer professional feed in order to maintain a balance of nutrients.
It is worth abandoning the dog’s intake of fats, as they provoke pancreatic diseases. Prohibited products also include:
- bread and other pastries;
- smoked, spicy, salty food;
- tubular bones.
Chicken and corn often cause allergies in Tibby. If you find such reactions, exclude these foods from your pet's diet.
In addition to meat, tibby should receive the following foods:
- boiled fish;
- cottage cheese;
Give the spaniel fruits and vegetables daily. And do not forget about the water, it should be in the bowl all the time.
Puppies are fed up to three months 4 times a day, from three to seven months - 3 times a day, from seven months - 2 times a day.
Pregnancy and childbirth
Puberty occurs from 8–9 months. But only a matured dog is allowed to mate. You do not need to do this from the first estrus, the body has not yet matured. Male knit no earlier than 12 months.
Only healthy and grafted individuals are allowed to mate.
In bitches, sexual activity is associated with estrus and with intervals between them. Some have estrus twice a year, others have it once every 10 months. The first mating occurs on the 11–13 day estrus. A day later, spend the second.
Pregnancy lasts 57–62 days. From the second month, the dog needs to eat 3-4 times a day. Limit physical activity for her. Expectant mother may show drowsiness, lethargy, sometimes toxicosis is observed.
Preparation for childbirth begins in a week. Necessary items for the procedure at home:
- sterile threads;
Prepare a place in advance for a woman in labor from the bedding.
You can learn about the upcoming birth by several signs:
- low body temperature;
- dog anxiety; refusal to eat;
- a few hours before contractions, dense discharge begins.
If three hours have passed since the water left, and childbirth has not yet begun, call a veterinarian.
The following recommendations will help to correctly carry out the procedure for the birth of puppies:
- Break the amniotic fluid in the area of the puppy’s head and clean the baby’s face from the mucus with a napkin.
- Tighten the umbilical cord, pull out the placenta.
- Pinch the umbilical cord at a distance of 1-2 cm from the puppy and cut it. If she began to bleed, dress her with threads.
- Do not take the puppy from the mother for an hour, so that the baby gets colostrum.
- The next puppy should appear in 15-30 minutes, no more.
- After each puppy comes the aftermath. Usually a dog eats it. This is due to instinct, but negatively affects digestion. Therefore, allow the bitch to eat 1-2 afterbirths, and get rid of the rest. If the last has not left within an hour, consult a doctor, otherwise the dog will die.
Usually, two to four puppies are born in Tibby, less often 1 or 5.
Dogs flow all their lives, respectively, they can become pregnant even in old age. But you should not expose your pet to this over the age of 8 years, because pregnancy and childbirth are a heavy burden for the body.
Childbirth is a responsible procedure, consult your veterinarian first for a consultation
Tibetan Spaniel is in good health. But there are diseases to which the breed is particularly located. These are diseases of the cardiovascular system and respiratory organs. They are inherited from the pathology of the musculoskeletal system. There are frequent cases of allergic dermatitis due to flea bites.
The best cure for disease is prevention, and in case of ailment, go to the vet right away
Table: types of diseases and the fight against them
|Atrial septal defect (cardiovascular)|
- heart murmur during diagnosis;
- fast fatiguability;
- respiratory failure.
|Stenosis of the mouth of the pulmonary artery (narrowing of the opening between the right ventricle of the heart and the trunk of the pulmonary artery) - cardiovascular|
- an increase in the volume of the abdomen;
- intolerance to physical exertion;
- pallor of the mucous membranes.
|Dogs are given Digoxin 1-3 times a day for a week||Physical exercise|
|Stenosis of the aortic orifice (incomplete opening of the heart valve into the systole of the left ventricle) - cardiovascular|
- intolerance to physical exertion.
|Taking Anaprilin 3-4 times a day. Duration of admission is determined by the veterinarian.||Physical exercise|
- swollen eyes;
- skin rashes.
|Taking Hydroxinis or Diphenhydramine, as recommended by your doctor|
- protect your pet from dust, fleas, ticks, pollen;
- proper feeding.
|Discopathy (intervertebral hernia)|
- decreased motor activity;
- pain during movement;
- weak legs;
- trembling in the limbs.
|Operation||Reduced physical activity on the spine|
- serous-mucous discharge from the eyes;
- swelling of the eyes.
|30% drops of sulfacyl sodium, 25% chloramphenicol or 1% kanamycin||Constant eye examination, wiping them with a wet swab|
- avoid injuries;
- proper nutrition.
Do not go out with a puppy until all vaccinations have been done. The first is carried out at the age of two months. Up to this point, the puppy is protected by maternal immunity. For 10 days, you need to treat your pet from fleas and worms. Only a healthy dog is vaccinated.
Revaccination is carried out after a month. 10 days after she is vaccinated against rabies. It is done every year.
Immunity to the disease appears only two weeks after vaccination, so limit contact with other animals for this period.
Reviews of breeders
Pluses: kind, affectionate, beautiful, loves the owners, loves children, smart, unobtrusive, good companion, easily trained. Disadvantages: Very gullible to people, including strangers, unless, of course, this is a drawback. The dog is not very popular in our country. And completely in vain. Very nice doggie. Good-natured, beautiful, loving hosts. And most importantly, smarter than the Pekingese and other lapdogs. Security qualities, of course, no. But you do not start a shepherd. And as a companion or friend for the child - that’s it.EvgeniyUfa http://otzovik.com/review_1661040.html
First of all, it is a very independent and independent animal. Perhaps its historical roots are triggered. But even as a kid, the Tibetan spaniel considers himself smarter than his masters. From here arises his excessive stubbornness in education. Here you need to show maximum perseverance. And be prepared for the fact that this friend absolutely does not like any training and discipline. He gets bored. Here you can correct the situation only with praise, and a manifestation of love and care. This breed is very sensitive. And scary trying to please his master.kasior http://www.mydog.su/forum/tibetskii-spaniel
The Tibetan Spaniel is not only a companion dog, but also a good protector. It’s not a pity to give his life for his friends. Despite the small growth of this dog is also not a weak bite. He carefully guards his territory. Aliens will not tolerate in the house. Very loving and affectionate dog among his own, but very angry with strangers. He does not like dogs of large breed, can be good friends with cats. This dog looks good-natured, but inside feels like a lion. They are affectionately called lion cubs as their hair grows, like that of a lion.Anonymous509533 http://otzovik.com/review_2079435.html
Tibby is a very kind, playful, active breed. But she has several drawbacks: she is stubborn, difficult to learn and requires special care. But this is more than paid off by the love and devotion that the dog is ready to give you.