Anthropogenic activity affects the biosphere as a whole. Significant pollution is on the lithosphere. The soil received a negative impact. It loses its fertility and collapses, minerals are washed out, and the earth becomes unsuitable for the growth of various plant species.
Sources of lithosphere pollution
The main soil pollution is as follows:
- chemical pollution;
- radioactive elements;
- agricultural chemistry, pesticides and mineral fertilizers;
- garbage and household waste ;
- acids and aerosols;
- combustion products;
- petroleum products;
- plentiful watering of the earth;
- waterlogging of the soil.
Great damage to the soil causes the destruction of forests. Trees hold the earth, protecting it from wind and water erosion , as well as from various influences. If forests are cut down , the ecosystem dies completely, right down to the soil. Deserts and semi-deserts will soon form on the site of the forest, which in itself is a global ecological problem . Currently, territories with a total area of more than one billion hectares have been desertified. The condition of soils in deserts is significantly deteriorating, fertility and the ability to recover are lost. The fact is that desertification is the result of anthropogenic influence, therefore this process occurs with the participation of man.
Lithosphere pollution control
If you do not take measures to eliminate the sources of pollution of the earth, then all the land will turn into several huge deserts, and life will become impossible. First of all, it is necessary to control the entry of harmful substances into the soil and reduce their amount. To do this, each company must regulate its activities and neutralize harmful substances. It is important to coordinate waste processing plants, warehouses, landfills and landfills.
Periodically, it is necessary to conduct sanitary-chemical monitoring of the land of a particular area in order to detect danger in advance. In addition, it is necessary to develop innovative harmless technologies in various sectors of the economy in order to reduce the level of pollution of the lithosphere. Garbage and waste need a better method of disposal and recycling, which today is in poor condition.
As soon as the problems of land pollution are resolved, the main sources are eliminated, the land will be able to self-clean and recover, becoming suitable for flora and fauna .
Lithosphere pollution - video