To put dogs on the chain in the villages for protection is a generally accepted norm. The constant keeping of the animal on a leash seriously undermines its physical and mental health, but there are ways to avoid this.
How Chain Content Affects Your Dog
Due to the lack of motor activity in the animal, muscles atrophy over time, paralysis of the limbs occurs, problems with the cardiovascular system and metabolism begin. The dog becomes wild, irritable, distrustful, depressed. Loneliness and unfulfilled desires cause her to be in a state of frustration (disappointment), which is manifested by destructive behavior, for example, licking limbs, hunting for her own tail, tearing up things that have turned up, or incessant barking. It can go to mental illness. In this case, there can be no talk of friendly relations with the owner.
In some countries (Hungary, Romania, Austria, etc.) keeping dogs on a chain is equivalent to cruelty to animals and is prohibited by law
How to keep a dog sitting on a chain
When setting a dog on a leash to guard at home, follow these tips:
- Teach your pet to the chain from 6 months. Do this by gradually increasing the “service” time.
- The thickness of the chain links should be selected depending on the weight of the dog: 2 mm - for an animal less than 5 kg, 3 mm - about 10 kg, 4 mm - from 20 kg, etc. (+1 mm for every 10 kg).
- On a small pedestal or in a spacious aviary, place a wooden booth where the dog will hide from the heat and take cover from the weather. The walls must be made double, and between them lay insulation material (for example, polystyrene or felt), which will have to be changed several times a year. Cover the manhole with a curtain of warm fabric, and insulate the floor with straw or a mattress stuffed with dry grass. In the booth, the dog should be fully placed standing and lying down.
The enclosure should be placed in a dry and sunny place, but with the ability to hide from the heat in the booth
- Organize a checkpoint for the pet, thereby expanding the boundaries of its movement. To do this, install poles along the fence and extend a cable between them with a long metal chain attached to it. It is better to place it at the top, then the chain will not hit its paws, and snowdrifts in the winter will not prevent the dog from moving freely. Such mobility will help her more effectively perform the security function. Put the dog on the chain only during office hours (at night, if the peak of activity occurs at this time of day), and then release it.
- So that the pet does not tear the beds, flower beds and the ground under the fence, organize a sandbox for him, having previously hidden the toys there. When he understands where to dig, reward him with a treat.
- Communicate more with the dog, walk with it for 1.5–2 hours daily, make forays into the forest, let it pour out the accumulated energy and get new emotions.
- Train your pet under the supervision of a good dog handler.
- Do not forget to look after the ears, eyes, teeth and hair of the animal. Treat it from parasites, regularly drive to veterinary examinations.
- Provide the four-legged guard with a balanced diet and fresh water. Leftovers from the master table will not work. Introduce raw meat, cereals, vegetables, as well as vitamin and mineral complexes into the dog's diet. In the cold season, food should be warmed up.
- Be sure to castrate the dog, otherwise unmet needs will not allow him to effectively serve.
Street life is not suitable for shorthair and decorative dogs: in winter they will freeze. But representatives of some breeds with good care and care of the owner in such conditions will feel quite comfortable, for example, Caucasian shepherd dogs, alabai, Tibetan mastiffs, etc.
Video: Paul Owens, a training specialist on how to keep a dog safe in the yard
I live in the private sector. Our neighbors hold two Caucasians. They have booths, but they move freely around the territory, behave decently and do not bark at all. True, one day they forgot to close the gate, and one of the dogs went for a walk outside the site. At this moment I passed and experienced extreme stress. Fortunately, the Caucasian was calm, like a boa constrictor. He soon returned home, where he felt quite comfortable. My cousin also had a chain dog named Bobik. He responsibly guarded the apple orchard, but every evening freely ran around the yard.
Unfortunately, not everyone is so lucky. I remember another neighbor's dog (short-haired), which most of the time just stood at the booth and howled hoarsely. Towards the end of her life, she lost a lot of weight, and her paws were weakened, which made her look bent. She was never let down from the chain, did not communicate and did not walk. Local dogs, constantly sitting in aviaries, also suffer from idleness and lack of exercise, so the best option I consider is the free movement of the animal across the territory of the site, the use of a roadblock at night and the presence of a warm booth in case of bad weather. But the most important thing is the attention and care of the owner.
A huge German shepherd lives in my yard. I keep it on the chain, because it has a very terrifying look, and if he runs freely around the yard during the day, even passers-by will go around my yard for 200 meters. Therefore, I let my guard run away only at night, when he does not scare anyone, but the security is excellent. It’s expanse to him that he runs and I sleep peacefully, knowing that no “night guest” will get into my yard. For a full-fledged lifestyle, the dog should not only rest lying on its side, but also rest actively, that is, run and jump freely.
In my opinion, that chain, that the aviary is the same restriction of freedom. There is a chain that freely slides along a wire stretched over a large territory (this is called a block leash), so this is much better than an aviary, as for me. But in any of these cases, the dog needs a walk - to stretch out, lose energy, play. In this case, the time limit will not be a prison. And if on a chain for life - it's a nightmare.
Video: opinion of the owner of the training center on keeping dogs on the chain
A dog sitting on a chain for protection should not be a powerless prisoner. He remains a family member and a pet for whom you are responsible. Provide the dog with competent care, walk, communicate, pay attention, lower the leash in off-duty time. Then she will feel necessary and responsibly fulfill the duties of a security guard.