The main habits and character traits of a cat acquire at an early age. Up to 3 months, the pet learns to independently satisfy its needs and communicate with households, finds out its own status in the family and actively masters the rules of neighborhood with people. Any mistake in raising a kitten can turn into a serious problem in the future.
Learning to name helps create a connection between the pet and the owner. If a cat responds well to its nickname, it will understand when it is addressed. This facilitates the process of learning from bad habits. In the process, the animal becomes more affectionate and begins to trust the household as a result of positive reinforcement.
A cat will quickly get used to its name if it contains whistling or soft sounds: “w”, “u”, “h”, “s” and “h”. For a pet, such a consonance is more pleasant and easier to distinguish from other words.
For training, you must use goodies. You should sit next to the kitten when he is relaxed and offer him refreshments. First, the pet must sample the food. Then you need to pronounce the nickname of the kitten and give him another piece. You can pet your pet while he eats, if he doesn’t mind. Tactile contact should be avoided during meals if the kitten reacts negatively to it. Actions must be repeated several times: again affectionately pronounce the nickname and give a treat. Training sessions should be short but frequent, as cats get tired quickly.
The breeders give the kittens names from the cattery, and they should start with one letter, but nothing prevents you from changing the nickname to double or calling the pet differently
In the future, the kitten begins to be called from a greater distance, gradually increasing the distance. When the animal comes from the first call, you can start giving a treat every other time. Weasel can also be a reward. Ideally, treats are gradually removed altogether, but this is not always a success. For example, my cat periodically refuses to respond to a call and waits for her to persuade and offer goodies. It is advisable to avoid such situations: if the pet once realizes that it can manipulate the owner, this will continue. I had to compromise with my cat: I offer treats almost always, and she comes the first time. Calling a pet twice is not worth it, otherwise then he will ignore half of the teams.
By nature, cats are nocturnal animals. This creates a lot of inconvenience. When the owners come home from work and go to bed, the pet begins to play pranks, play and make noise. As a result, tired owners are forced to wake up to calm the pet. Fortunately, cats spent a lot of time next to people and adapted to our regime, so it’s easy to retrain the animal.
It is advisable to make the peak of the pet’s activity in the daytime. To do this, you need to play with your pet more often. It is recommended to take a vacation during the training. If this is not possible, you should deal with the baby in the evening. A tired kitten will be more willing to sleep at night.
The kitten can be very persistent, but it is strongly recommended not to get up even in order to punish him: the animal can perceive it as a game
Most often, these measures are not enough. Kids still wake up the owners, but closer to the morning. Kittens can be very intrusive: they sit down in front of the bed and meow loudly, start running and jumping on the bed, can scratch and play with the arms and legs of the household. It is important to ignore any pet attempts. After a few days, the kitten will understand that you are not going to get up at night, so it will stop waking you.
My cat, when she was small, at first behaved quietly at night, but then after one incident I had to “fight” with her for a long time for the sake of changing the regime. Once I got up in the middle of the night because of thirst. The cat rubbed against her legs and in every possible way begged for affection. I could not resist and stroked. My favorite instantly involved me in the game. It lasted no more than a minute, then I went to bed, but it was enough for a whole month the cat stubbornly tried to wake me up at night. If I at least once succumbed, most likely, this habit would be firmly entrenched.
Place to sleep
The cat must have a personal area. It allows the animal to feel safe and relieves stress associated with excessive attention from the owners. The best option is a spacious cage. It may well be not a prison, but a big house, if you gently accustom your pet to her. This should be done gradually from childhood. It is impossible to forcefully close the kitten in the cage, otherwise negative associations will appear. The advantages of such a house are obvious: you can leave a pet in it without fear of repair and the life of the baby.
The question of whether to let the kitten on the bed, everyone has to decide for themselves; if the animal does not walk on the street, it is relatively safe, but you have to put up with the molt of the pet
Most often kittens do not have to be accustomed to standard houses, stove benches and game trees. Animals like these shelters, so they occupy them on their own. It is important to choose a house that will appeal to the kitten. Some pets prefer to watch what is happening from above, while others require an enclosed space. If the kitten does not want to rest in the house, you need to transfer toys there to attract the attention of the baby. You can use a special spray.
For cats, food is the resource the leader distributes. With food, you can demonstrate your own position in the hierarchical ladder. It is advisable to teach the kitten at least simple commands and practice them before feeding. This will create the impression that the baby did not just get the food, but deserved it. The development of an excerpt is welcome: you can fill the bowl and make the cat sit next to it until an authorization command is given.
Clickers are often used as an aid in training cats and kittens.
It is strictly forbidden to give pets food from the table. This is associated not only with a health hazard, but also with an increased risk of habit consolidation. Some cats begin to steal food from the table. Do not allow your pet to manipulate himself to get treats or an extraordinary portion of food. Feed should be according to the regime or give the companion free access to food.
Trained to the tray
Responsible breeders usually have small kittens, even before moving to a new home, learn to cope with the need for a tray. This is facilitated by a personal example of the mother. Often, even raised kittens are lost, finding themselves in new conditions, and stop going to the tray. To remind the pet of the rule, you should pour the usual filler for him, use a spray or place an odor mark under the grill. Suitable, for example, pieces of paper soaked in an abandoned puddle. They can be removed later.
Kittens quickly become accustomed to the tray, whom the owners close in the cage during their absence: because of the limited territory, the choice is not so wide
If the kitten sees the tray for the first time, you have to do the training yourself. In those moments when the baby is going to relieve need, it is necessary to transfer it to the intended place. Surely the pet will try to get out of the tray. It is not necessary to hold a kitten forcibly. It should be gently discouraged, while stroking and calming the baby.
You can not punish a kitten for mistakes: a negative effect at an early age is ineffective and will only lead to a deterioration in relations. In addition, the baby can interpret what is happening in its own way and decide, for example, that puddles and piles should simply be better hidden. You can not transfer the kitten to the tray if it already meets the need. This will scare him and can cause negative associations.
Claw sharpening is not a whim, but a necessity. In the process, the cat manages to relax, hone skills in retracting and releasing plates, and also remove excess layers of tissue. If the pet does not have a claw point, it will begin to spoil furniture and walls.
The main mistake of the owners during the training is the choice of the wrong claw point. It must match the pet's preferences. Watch your ward: some companions love vertical surfaces, others like horizontal ones, others like inclined plates. Large cats need fairly tall posts. Some animals prefer special overhead plates for furniture.
If the bad habit has already been fixed, you can glue foil over your favorite kitten surfaces to make them less attractive; personal presence is required as the pet may swallow the packaging
In order for the kitten to understand what he needs to do, you should gently grab it by the front legs and put them on the scratching post. Most often, this is enough. If the baby is negative about touching, you can show him a personal example and scrape his fingers on the surface. Allowed to use spray.
Games allow cats to realize a hunting instinct and throw out excess energy, which helps to save property and repairs. Most pets prefer feather and mouse fishing rods, but some like balls, springy posts, mazes, and other accessories. When choosing, you should start from the preferences of your pet. Game sessions should be short but frequent. It is advisable to pay attention to the companion at least 2-3 times a day.
Interactive toys are suitable for those pet owners who are absent for a long time at home
You cannot play with the kitten with your hands and feet. Later, an adult cat will do the same and may injure households. The most dangerous games that the pet imposes itself. For example, hunting for legs. Such activities should be immediately stopped. Feeding and games must be initiated by the owner, otherwise the pet may decide that it occupies the highest status in the hierarchical ladder.
Hands-on training begins at an early age. Kids are stroked and offered permitted treats. This allows you to form positive associations. You can only take a kitten in its hands if it does not protest. Too intrusive attempts at training can cause a negative reaction.
I had experience breeding cats and according to my impressions I can say that not all pets like to sit in their arms. It should just be accepted. You can adjust the kitten’s reaction if you don’t behave obsessively and make it clear that you can be trusted, but if the cat absolutely does not like such tenderness, it is unlikely that it will ever change its mind. Some kittens have been very affectionate since childhood and are constantly striving to climb into their arms, while others prefer to keep their distance. The latter are less intrusive, which can also be called an advantage. In any case, even those cats that do not like to sit on their hands can be very affectionate.
You can punish a kitten either by redistributing resources or feline. The first method involves ignoring the pet. It is perceived by the most sociable animals. For example, during the game, a cat has bitten you. At this point, you should interrupt the entertainment and go about their business. Thus, you will let the kitten understand that you will play only according to your own rules.
A spray can be used if an adolescent with a tendency to dominant behavior exhibits open aggression
The second method is close to natural. It is suitable for teenage kittens who actively demonstrate their disagreement and are trying to take a higher status. The animal must be grabbed at the withers and pressed to the floor. This should be done carefully so as not to injure. The cat is kept until it ceases to resist and meow. If you let your pet go too soon, he will think that he won. This is a pretty tough method: in the process you point the animal to its place in the pack. It is not applied to those cats that demonstrate submission.
It is forbidden to beat kittens and shout at them. This will only cause increased stress in the animal and undermine the attitude to the owner. After such punishments, in most cases the problems only worsen.
In general, cats do not need walks, but if you wish, you can use a harness for control and take your pet out if there is a fenced area. An animal that has never been outside the house can react to what is happening warily and stay in one place or run forward and backward. This is normal. Do not rush things and be patient, let the cat explore the surroundings and get used to the situation.
Do not try to stir up the pet. A kitten is not a puppy. The latter love an active pastime. Cats prefer to bask quietly in the sun and watch what is happening around. It is strictly forbidden to let the animal out into the street without supervision and control. Cats obey worse than dogs, so in case of fright, even with the personal presence of the owner, they can run away and get lost. On the street, a pet can get under a car, become a victim of dogs, freeze, die of hunger or catch an infection.
Personal experience of experts and pet owners
I once had a dog wrapped on cats. And she didn’t touch our cat, and for some time I didn’t understand, HOW it is serious. I would like to explain to you how scary this is. It’s scary when you can’t do anything.
And in all other cases it was a well-mannered, smartest, kindest, trained dog. But when she saw the cat on the street ... it was not her anymore. A stopped, alien gaze ... Trembling all over the body ... The complete lack of reaction to pain ... I, apparently, missed the very beginning, when there was still something to be done. And then it was too late.
People have never been hurt. Not because she could control so that her teeth didn’t hit a person. Could not. It was just luck. I was lucky that I drove in on what was happening on time and stopped releasing from the leash where cats could be .. I began to leave in an abandoned part of the park where cats could not be by definition. And yet, once there she saw a family - parents, 3 small children and ... a cat. Thank God I saw a cat before.
Otherwise ... children who have killed their beloved zombie in front of their eyes. God forbid it survive.
Believe me, pick up a dog, otbutskuet dog, in general, in any way you just do not have time. At least if this dog is an active breed. There, the reaction rate is much higher than human. You do not understand what happened. And the cat does not have time to understand.
Don’t take the cat out for a walk, please. I understand that dog-gliders are rare. I understand that the owners, knowing this, keep them on a leash. But there are different people, we all know that. I have repeatedly seen how the owners specially poison their dogs and have fun doing so. These are men, mostly. Young and still boys. Where is the guarantee that you will not come across such a moron? Do not take risks, because this is YOUR CAT. Favorite and only.
I didn’t want to write about this case, because I didn’t want to scare anyone ...
But, about walking with cats: just last week, my friend watched a terrible scene.
A dog attacked a boy who was walking with a cat in his arms.
The owner of the dog could not do anything, the boy’s mother, too - everything happened instantly. The only thing a cat could do was climb a child, then a tree. The child was helped by a passerby, the cat was wounded after a couple of hours, and the dog (judging by the descriptions, the shepherd) the mistress hardly dragged from the tree on which the cat climbed ...
What could the mistress of the dog do in this case?
She only saw that in a couple of seconds the child was mutilated, she did not even have time to react ...
Our Persian (4.5 years old) from a very prosperous family, perfectly socialized, has never been offended by anyone. We love it! From the very diaper he does not like to sit on his hands. Himself never climb into his hands. Except when you need to wash. And then, he does not jump, but waits for him to be taken and washed by the pug. Sometimes he wants to cuddle him, so he begins to be indignant, “well, maaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa ...
Although it allows you to take care of yourself easily. To bathe, comb, rub eyes, wash, etc.
Yes, he has a special relationship with her husband. He is given, occasionally, to cramp, but at the same time pretends that he suffers, although it is clear that he likes. And often requires him to stroke, i.e. fits, substitutes the back and up to five times allows himself to stroke. And he can only purr to his daughter. He generally treats her gently and condescendingly.
You can’t do anything, his character is so masculine, painfully serious. But he has a huge mass of other advantages! Adore it!
And for the “affectionateness” we took two girls. SUPER affectionate! They don’t get off your hands at all. All hugs and kisses are very much loved. And the funniest thing is that they both coo like doves
I had a cat for a long time, a mixture of Siamese and Siberian. In his youth, he was just an incredibly active ball of wool, he loved to rush around, jump and climb the carpet on the wall (yes, they used to be). He grew up with a completely reasonable and calm cat, he made his mistakes that he made (he broke something, for example), after speeches with reproaching intonations (he tried to avoid strange sounds, but he really understood that he had done something wrong) . He was a smart enough cat, but he didn’t really like strangers. He was not sterilized, lived to an advanced 14 years.
He raised his own from 3 months. but he taught him not by intonation, but by hissing. Hissing and purring is a language they understand. You will not speak your language with the natives, they still will not understand.
Now my cat walks in any apartment only in its own tray, it is able to wait all night (without access to bowls), when the owners wake up, nothing fights. The only thing that surprises when he wants to be stroked is fit and meows lingeringly.
Raising a kitten is a painstaking and complex process, but it is worth it. To get a compliant, hassle-free and affectionate companion, you need to establish a relationship with him, maintain trust and compromise, but maintain perseverance and consistency. It is important not to make a manipulator out of a pet, otherwise later the cat will consider himself a leader and educate households in his own way.