Kaliningrad region is represented by a plain. The climate is transitional from marine to temperate continental . About 185 days of the year it rains. The hot or frosty period is short, the snow does not last long.
About 148 rivers with a length of more than 10 km and 339 rivers with a length of 5 km flow through the region. The biggest hands are the Neman, Pregolya. There are 38 lakes on the territory. The largest is Lake Vishtynetsk.
In this area, mainly mixed and coniferous foxes . The largest number of forests is located in the east. Mostly trees are dominated by pines.
In the Red Forest, there are violets, flax, sour.
From the trees there are also oaks, birch, spruce, maple. Hardwood - beech, linden, alder, ash.
On the territory there are medicinal plants, berries - blueberries, blueberries, lingonberries .
Cranberries and cloudberries grow in marshy areas.
Mushrooms grow in the region, some are listed in the Red Book. Some of the mosses and lichens, iris and lilies are listed in it.
Some plants brought from other places on the planet. One of such representatives is ginkgo bilobate.
This tree is considered a "living fossil." It can reach a height of 40 meters.
Tulip tree growing in Moritz Becker Park, the only instance. He is over 200 years old. The trunk of the tree is bifurcated, the leaves are large, blooms in late June with yellow-orange flowers.
Red oak brought from the east of the USA. An adult tree reaches 25 m in height. The trunk is covered with gray bark. Flowering occurs simultaneously with the blooming of leaves. Oak is resistant to frost. This species is a symbol of the Kaliningrad region.
Rumelian pine native to Europe. It is a decorative view.
Robinia pseudoacacia is a fast-growing tree, resistant to drought. Popularly called white acacia. A tree can reach up to 30 meters, an average height of 20.
Bear bow is a local representative of the flora. It is listed in the Red Book. It has a specific smell, similar to garlic. It contains vitamins and minerals.
Maiden triostered grapes brought from the Far East. It grows slowly, hard to endure winter. In autumn, clusters acquire a deep scarlet hue. This grape is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation.
Animals of the Kaliningrad region
The region is inhabited by predators, rodents, and ungulates. One of the largest animals is elk.
Roe deer and doe are also found. Several thousand roe deer and several hundred deer live on the territory. Sika deer are rare and valuable species.
Wild boars are rare animals for this region, however, they are found. The area is inhabited by many ermines, martens, foxes, ferrets.
Of the wild predators, you can rarely see wolves. Rodents - beavers, muskrat , squirrel .
Lynx is found in forests. Due to poachers, the number of individuals decreased.
The small evening party lives in deciduous forests and parks. Very rare vizh. Lives mainly in tree hollows. After sunset, flies out to hunt.
Birds of the Kaliningrad region
Birds - about 140 species, some species are extremely rare.
Red kite nests only in this area. You can meet him from March to September. He feeds on small reptiles, fish, carrion.
Snake-eater - refers to the hawk family, a species threatened with extinction. Lives in pine and mixed forests.
Peregrine Falcon is a species from the falcon family. Rare individuals winter in the Kaliningrad region.
Fish in the Kaliningrad region
Fish in water bodies are represented by freshwater species - up to 40. Of the marine species found herring, sprat, flounder, Baltic salmon.