More than 400 species of monkeys live on our planet. Semi-monkeys are also distinguished, which include lemurs, short-footed and tupai. Primates are as human-like as possible and have unique intelligence. Mammals are significantly different from each other depending on the habitat. Some of them can grow up to only 15 cm (dwarf monkeys), while others reach sizes up to 2 meters (gorilla males).
Classification of monkeys
Monkeys are studied by scientists for a long period of time. There are various classifications of mammals, the most common of which is considered to be the following:
- group of tarsiers;
- broad-nosed primates;
- marmoset wide-nosed monkeys;
- mammals kallimiko;
- narrow-nosed group;
Each of the groups has its own bright representatives, not like anyone else. Let us consider each of them in more detail.
Long-tailed, broad-nosed and marmoset monkeys
The first three groups of mammals belong to small monkeys. The tiniest primates of them are the smallest:
Sirichta - the length of animals is about 16 cm, weight rarely exceeds 160 g. Monkeys are distinguished by huge, round, convex eyes.
Banana tarsier is a small primate, also having large eyes with a brownish iris.
The ghost is one of the rarest species of monkeys, with thin, long fingers and a woolen brush at the end of the tail.
Broad-nosed monkeys are distinguished from other mammals by the presence of a wide nasal septum and 36 teeth. They are represented by the following types:
Capuchinous - a feature of animals is a grabbing tail.
Crybaby - this species of mammals is listed in the Red Book. The name of the monkey was due to its unique lingering sounds that they make.
Favi - monkeys grow up to 36 cm, while their tail is about 70 cm. Small brown primates with black limbs.
White-breasted capuchin - differs in a white spot on a breast and a muzzle of a primate. The brown color on the back and head resembles a hood and mantle.
Saki-monk - the monkey gives the impression of a sad and thoughtful mammal, has a hood hanging on his forehead and ears.
The following mammals are classified as marmoset wide-nosed monkeys:
Uistiti - the length of the primate does not exceed 35 cm. A distinctive feature is the elongated claws on the toes, which allow you to jump from branch to branch and grab hold of them perfectly.
Dwarf marmoset - the length of the animal is 15 cm, while the tail grows to 20 cm. The monkey has a long and thick coat of golden hue.
Black tamarin is a small dark monkey growing up to 23 cm.
Tufted tamarin - in some sources, the monkey is called pinche. When the animal is worried, a crest rises on its head. Primates have a white breast and forelegs; all other parts of the body are red or brown.
Piebald tamarin - a distinctive feature of a monkey is a completely bare head.
The small size allows you to keep some animals even at home.
Kallimiko, narrow-nosed and gibbon monkeys
Kallimiko monkeys have recently been allocated in a separate class. A striking representative of mammals is:
Marmosetka - animals combined different features of other species of monkeys. Primates have the structure of paws, like that of marmoset monkeys, teeth, like capuchins, and a muzzle, like tamarines.
Representatives of the narrow-nosed group of monkeys can be found in Africa, India, Thailand. These include Monkeys - animals with front and hind limbs of the same length; do not have wool on the face and strained areas under the tail.
Hussar - monkeys with white noses and powerful, sharp fangs. Animals have a long-legged body and an elongated muzzle.
Green monkey - characterized by marsh hair on the tail, back and crown. Also, monkeys have cheek pouches, like hamsters, which store food supplies.
Javanese macaque is another name for "crabeater." Monkeys have beautiful hazel eyes and a greenish coat that casts grass.
Japanese macaque - animals have a dense coat, which creates the impression of a large individual. In fact, the monkeys are medium in size and because of the long hairline seem larger than they really are.
The group of gibbon mammals is characterized by palms, feet, face and ears, the hairline of which is absent, as well as elongated limbs.
Gibbon representatives are:
Silver gibbon - small animals of gray-silver color with a bare muzzle, arms and black feet.
Yellow-Chested Crested Gibbon
Yellow-crested crested gibbon - yellow cheeks are a distinctive feature of animals, and at birth all individuals are light, and in the process of growing up they turn black.
Oriental hulok - the second name is "singing monkey." Animals differ in white hair located above the eyes of mammals. It seems that primates have gray eyebrows.
Siamese-spawning - from this group, the siamang is considered the largest monkey. The presence of a throat sac on the neck of the animal distinguishes it from other representatives of the gibbon.
Dwarf gibbon - animals have long forelimbs that drag along the ground when moving, so monkeys often walk with their hands thrown behind their heads.
It should be noted that all gibbons do not have a tail.
Orangutans, Gorillas and Chimpanzees
Orangutans are massive large monkeys with hooked fingers and fat growths on the cheeks. Representatives of this group are:
Sumatran orangutan - animals have a fiery color of wool.
Bornean orangutan - primates can grow up to 140 cm and weigh about 180 kg. Monkeys have short legs, a large body, and arms hanging below the knees.
Kalimantan orangutan - different brown-red hair and a concave skull in the front. Monkeys have large teeth and a powerful lower jaw.
Representatives of the gorilla group include such species of monkeys:
- Coastal gorilla - the maximum weight of the animal is 170 kg, height - 170 cm. If the females are completely black, then the males have a silver strip on their backs.
- Plain gorilla - characterized by brown-gray fur, habitat - mango thickets.
- Mountain gorilla - animals are listed in the Red Book. They have a thick and long coat, the skull is narrower, and the forelimbs are shorter than the hind limbs.
Chimpanzees rarely grow more than 150 cm and weigh more than 50 kg. The types of monkeys in this group include:
Bonobo - animals recognized as the smartest monkeys in the world. Primates have black hair, dark skin and pink lips.
Common chimpanzees - owners of brown-black wool with white stripes near the mouth. Monkeys of this species move only on their feet.
Monkeys also include black howler, crowned (blue) monkey, pale saki, black-headed baboon, and kahau.