One of the most beautiful birds in the world is the golden pheasant. It is very popular among poultry farmers because of its stunning brilliant color. What is unusual in this bird, where does it live, and what habits does it have?
The appearance of a golden pheasant
The golden pheasant, also called Chinese, has a bright color. At first glance, its coloring resembles a children's drawing, in which the brightest and most beautiful shades are randomly mixed. But only males are so attractive - they have a red scallop, a bright golden head and scarlet chest. And females look much more modest - their head is lighter and dull, and the body is pale brown with spots.
Interesting! The eyes, beaks and legs of the bird are pale yellow. The wings are dark brown, sometimes mixed with a dark blue hue. The upper back is greenish and the back is golden. Also on the body of the pheasant there is a “cape” with dark edges, which gives it a striped look.
The male grows in length to 109-111 cm, and the females - no more than 66 cm. Moreover, more than 2/3 of their growth falls on a magnificent long tail. The weight of the bird is about 630 grams. Wingspan of about 70 cm.
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Fact! Despite the decent wingspan, the golden pheasants fly very awkwardly - they are disturbed by a long tail and not long enough wings. They can fly in short, fast jerks. But then they run very fast.
The Chinese pheasant is absolutely not aggressive towards other birds, especially if they do not “compete”. It is also harmless to humans and can be trained and bred if you show patience.
Interesting! There are times when the male is aggressive towards the female and even kills her. But this happens very rarely.
Pheasant life expectancy depends on external conditions. In the wild, most of the brood does not live up to 6-10 weeks. Only 2-3% reach the age of 3-4 years. And the maximum life expectancy in the wild is 5-6 years.
Important! To easily and easily tame this bird, it is better to start it while it is still a chick. Small pheasants are easy to tame, spending time with them, playing and feeding unsalted nuts. This individual is resistant to cold and heat, and is generally quite hardy.
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In captivity, with proper care, golden pheasants live much longer. At least 15, or even all 20 years.
Interesting! Chinese pheasants can fly over the fence and run away from their owners. They also often dig under the fence. Therefore, it is desirable that the fence is high enough, and also dug into the ground by at least 50 cm. For spacious living for one adult pheasant, an area of at least 2 square meters is required.
When the subspecies began to breed in captivity
The homeland of the golden pheasant is China. And there is evidence, from at least the 1700s, that an individual was bred at home. The first mention of golden pheasants as pets in America was in 1740. According to some reports, several birds were on the estate of George Washington.
Interesting! According to legend, during their journey behind the Golden Fleece, the Argonauts brought several pheasants to Europe. And it was about 1000 years before our era.
For those wishing to breed, it is important to know that it is undesirable to combine these birds with domestic hens and chickens. Layers can be carriers of diseases that turn out to be fatal for the pheasant. Also, these individuals are incompatible with hazel grouse, as they strive to bite their beak with a golden-headed.
Do Golden Pheasants Eat?
Most pheasants are valued for their beauty, and not for meat. In addition, such a “dish” will be too expensive, because for one Chinese pheasant will have to pay about $ 200.
Wild pheasant meat is lean and sufficiently dry, so it’s not suitable for cooking. But some restaurants serve meat stewed in a special sauce. By the way, the taste of the dish will depend on what the bird ate during life.
Interesting! There is an alcoholic cocktail "Golden Pheasant", which includes eggs, sugar, lemon juice, creamy soda and vodka.
But the eggs of the individual are quite suitable for consumption. They taste like ducks in taste, and in terms of composition and availability of nutrients they are much “poorer”.
Facts! Golden pheasant is not only prey for humans. Dogs, foxes, wild cats hunt birds. And some small pheasants eat their own eggs.