California is in North America, lies in the temperate and subtropical zone. The proximity of the Pacific Ocean is of great importance here. Therefore, in California formed the Mediterranean type of climate.
Northern California lies in a temperate marine climate. West winds blow here. It is relatively cool in summer and warm in winter. The maximum temperature in July reaches +31 degrees Celsius, the average humidity level is 35%. The lowest temperature recorded in December is +12 degrees. In addition, in Northern California, winters are wet, up to 70%.
California Climate Table (Compared to Florida)
Southern California has subtropical climates. On this territory, dry and hot summers. In winter, the weather is mild and humid. The maximum temperature is +28 degrees in July, and a minimum of +15 degrees in December. In general, the humidity in Southern California is very high.
In addition, California is influenced by Santa Ana wind currents that travel from the depths of the continent toward the ocean. It is worth emphasizing that the temperature increase in this area is accompanied by regular dense fogs. But also it serves as protection against harsh and cold winter air masses.
California Climate Characteristics
A peculiar climate has also formed in the eastern part of California, in the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Mountains. Here, the influence of several climatic factors is observed, therefore, there are very diverse climatic conditions.
Precipitation in California falls mainly in the fall and winter. It snows quite rarely, since the temperature almost never drops below 0 degrees. More precipitation falls in northern California, less in the south. In general, the amount of precipitation that falls during the year is on average 400-600 mm.
The deeper the climate becomes continental, and the seasons here differ in noticeable amplitude fluctuations. In addition, the mountains are a kind of barrier that traps moist air from the ocean. The mountains have mild, warm summers and snowy winters. To the east of the mountains are desert territories, which are characterized by hot summers and cold winters.
California's climate is somewhat similar to the conditions on the southern coast of the Crimean peninsula. The northern part of California lies in the temperate zone, and the southern - in the subtropical. This is expressed in some differences, but in general, seasonal changes are well expressed here.