Africa has a large amount of minerals. Of particular importance are the resources for various branches of metallurgy, which are provided by different African countries.
Deposits in the south
In the southern part of the continent, a huge number of different ores occur. It produces chromites, tungsten, manganese. A large-scale graphite deposit was discovered on the island of Madagascar.
Of great importance to African countries is the mining of precious metals such as gold. It is mined in South Africa. In addition, South Africa has a large amount of lead, uranium ores, tin, cobalt and copper. In the north, zinc, molybdenum, lead and manganese are mined.
Mining in the North and West
There are oil fields in the north of the continent. Its main earner is considered Morocco. In the area of the Atlas mountain range near Libya, there is a phosphorite band. They are valuable for metallurgy and chemical industry. Of these, various fertilizers for the agricultural industry are still produced. It should be emphasized that half of the world's phosphate reserves are mined in Africa.
Oil and coal are the most valuable African minerals. Their large deposits are in the area of the river. Niger. In West Africa, various iron and non-ferrous ores are mined. On the west coast there are deposits of natural gas, which is exported to various countries of the world. It is a cheap and efficient fuel used in household and industrial applications.
If you group all the minerals, then the group of fuels can include coal and oil. Their deposits are located not only in South Africa, but also in Algeria, Libya, Nigeria. Ferrous and non-ferrous metal ores - aluminum, copper, titanomagnesium, manganese, copper, antimony, tin - are mined in South Africa and Zambia, in Cameroon and the Republic of Congo.
The most valuable metals are platinum and gold is mined by South Africa. Among the gems there are deposits of diamonds. They are used not only in jewelry, but also in various industries due to their hardness.
The African continent is rich in various minerals. For some rocks and minerals, African countries make a significant contribution to global mining. The largest number of deposits of various rocks is located in the south of the mainland, namely in South Africa.