Dogs are by nature a pack animal, and there is a clear hierarchy in this pack. Each individual behaves in accordance with its position. When you take a pet home, you take it into a flock. But the dominant position in it must belong to the owner. It’s not so difficult to train this dog, and it’s not necessary to use violence to do this.
Why the right hierarchy is so important
Being a pack leader is a difficult task. It is on the main that all responsibility for providing all with food and safe living conditions rests. But not everyone can become a leader. You need to prove to the dog that you are smarter, wiser, stronger, faster and more correct in making decisions. All this can be done through a positive effect on the pet (that is, not using physical methods).
Why is it important that the owner takes the dominant position? Because otherwise your dog will not listen to you, and the process of training and education will be ineffective.
Dog's first lesson should be obedience
Do not deprive the dogs of the mind. When she hears a command from you, she quickly scrolls in her head (especially at first), and whether she should do it at all. If you are not a leader, why should she listen to you? She will do what she sees fit.
Usually, after a course of obedience to the owner, the dog is separately trained to execute commands from other family members. Only if the leader orders, she will listen to them. After all, while she realizes her place in the hierarchy as "the first after the king."
I have the usual mongrel, taken from the street of the month at 4. She only listens to my husband, she performs my commands reluctantly and every other time, although all the care procedures and feeding are on me (apparently, because of the bowl of food she sometimes listens). When the children give commands to her, the dog pretends to be completely deaf, even does not move its ear in their direction. In her system of perception of the world, these are puppies, lower creatures who still have no right to anything at all.
How to become a leader
It should be understood that only one person can be a leader in a pack. It is from him that the dog receives attention, he is engaged in its education. If different family members will do it equally, the pet will simply get confused and will not be able to determine the leader.
The dog must be accustomed to its place in the hierarchy from the first days of appearing in the house. Retraining it later will be very difficult, and sometimes impossible.
The dog must occupy the lowest level of the hierarchy - after all members of the family. This does not humiliate her as a dog’s personality, but allows all family members to coexist comfortably with a pet.
On the way to raising a pet, many mistakes are made from the first days of his life in the house. If you have not yet completed them, check out the basic rules to prevent them from happening in the future.
Chatting with a puppy
In dog packs with puppies do not particularly babysit. They do not pay attention at all until they themselves ask him. Everything is changing in our house. The puppy is picked up, kissed, stroked, put to sleep in his bed. His worldview is formed in such a way that he is the main one in the house, that's why everyone rushes with him. In fact, the puppy should immediately know its place, and receive as much attention as necessary for its socialization. And of course, he should have his own place for food and sleep.
A dog sleeping in the owner’s bed considers himself equal or superior to him in a pack position
When the leader of the pack eats, the rest of its members do not dare to look at him. When he gets enough and leaves, they will get the rest. We often have a dog fed first in the same kitchen where the whole family eats.
The best way would be to separate the place where the pet and family eat (for example, in an apartment, the dog can allocate a place in the corridor or leave the kitchen for her, and the family eat in the dining room). When eating, the dog should not be present near the table (you can, for example, close the door). This, by the way, will eliminate such a problem as begging, which is equally bad both for evaluating one's place in the hierarchy (greatly overestimating it) and for the health of the pet (food from the table does not suit dogs at all).
Video: becoming a leader through feeding
A dog should have no more than 2-3 toys at a time. And you dispose of them - the leader and leader. This means that after a certain time you can replace them with others, and you also have the right to take any toy from the dog (with return) at any time, and she should not be aggressive in response (any manifestation of it, for example, a roar, should suppressed in a strict tone). Usually this concept is formed during joint games, which at first only the most important owner should conduct.
Right first step
The leader comes first in the pack because it bears the responsibility for safety. The members of the pack follow him. Now, remember who is the first to go for a walk and go back into the house? It should be only the owner, always and everywhere. Whatever it is more convenient for you to do otherwise, adapt to this rule. This is an important aspect of leadership position, the dog should not get a head start in it.
Who goes first - that and the main
Always give commands to the dog in a calm and moderately quiet tone. Never go rude, a strict reprimand is quite intelligible. Perhaps if you hit a pet, he will quickly do what you need here and now, but you will already lose a share of self-respect. In the long run, only those relationships that are built on friendliness and care win. The pet will certainly answer them with devotion and desire to please.
Video: how to become a leader for a dog
From about the age of 5 months, the dog can begin to check the limits of what is allowed and do what it was not allowed to do before. Of course, ideally, by this time she should already know her place in the pack, so the manifestations of the teenage riot are simply corrected by some actions (we can say that at this age the dog needs to be constantly reminded who is in charge of the house):
- The dog lies / sits in your path (especially if it is a narrow path or corridor). The leader will never go around anyone, he goes straight, and the members of the pack must make way for him. Stop right in front of the pet and give the command “Place!”. Wait until the path is cleared (of course, if the pet is sleeping soundly, you can not be so persistent).
- Dog pulls a leash while walking. The desire to go first and drag the owner along is a sign of dominance. At first, a simple pulling is enough. If the dog continues to pull you, abruptly change direction so that the pet has to follow you (you can change it several times, go in zigzags). This is a simple exercise that nonetheless “puts the dog in place.”
- The dog puts its paws on you. This is a direct sign of dominance. You must not allow the dog to jump on you or stand on your chest with its paws. Dodge, strictly say "You can’t!"
If the dog often puts its paws on the chest or the owner’s reach - it shows its dominance
- During the walk, release the dog from the leash only after it has completed several familiar commands (and goes to the toilet, of course). Periodically call your pet to yourself and work out 2-3 more teams. This will be a sign for the dog that free-range must be earned, and a good reminder of who leads the process.
Following these guidelines will be a reminder to the teenage dog who owns the lead.
But do not think that the leader’s position has been won once and for all. Throughout the dog’s life, the owner’s leadership should be supported by any of the exercises listed above. This is especially important for dogs of fighting breeds, guard dogs, and simply large animals, which can be a potential danger to humans. They need not only to remind about the boundaries of what is permitted, but to educate and train their whole life.
From the first days in the house, it is very important for the dog to show that the leadership in the pack belongs to the owner. This will avoid further problems with raising a pet. If you feel that you can’t do it on your own, it is better to contact an experienced dog handler in time to correct the behavior. This is especially important if you have a large guard dog or a fighting breed dog.