Sled dogs are now not used as widely as before, although in the conditions of the North they remain people’s helpers. Their breeds not only do not disappear, but new ones are bred. This is due to the growing popularity of driving sports. Animals specially bred for sporting purposes include Norwegian mixed-race horses.
Riding is especially common in cold snowy areas. Such a country is Norway, where in the 80s. of the last century, Niels Andreas Hanzen was involved in breeding sled dogs. His goal, which he devoted at least 10 years of his life, was to develop the best sled breed: fast, strong, hardy.
The German Kurzhaars were taken as the basis - the dogs are already not small, but Hanzen also chose those who did not meet the ICF standards, being larger than required. The second blood poured into the new breed was taken from the Greyhounds - dogs that developed a sufficiently high running speed. The result was a tall and long dog that could run very quickly. But the trouble is not for long. The resulting mestizos clearly lacked stamina.
It was decided to add the blood of a sporting Kurzhaar to them. The problem, it would seem, was solved - the new branch was represented by individuals who ran fast and long, were strong, but aggressive towards dogs of other breeds. Since the team is not always put on one dog, but two or more, this created additional difficulties for the athletes, who still had to think about how the harnessed dogs would not cling to death.
At the same time, in sunny Italy, for sporting purposes, pointers were bred, who were good runners in a harness, but they did not have enough strength to pull the skier on their own. They tried to combine them with the offspring of the German Kurzhaar and Greyhound instead of the sports Kurzhaar. Hansen was more than satisfied with the result - now the dogs were large, strong enough to work both alone and in a group, fast and hardy. The new breed is called the Norwegian sport sled dog, or the Norwegian mestizo. It began to be used in sports such as bike joring and skijoring.
Biking is a sport where a dog or team pulls a bicycle with a rider, allowing him to develop the highest speed. In skijoring, instead of a bicycle, there is a skier who moves in a free style.
Norwegian mestizo is a mixture of Kurzhaar, Greyhound and Pointer in different proportions
Description of Norwegian Métis
Norwegian mestizos, like other sled dogs, are socially oriented animals. It is not for nothing that individuals exhibiting the slightest aggression towards relatives were swept from generation to generation. In addition, from puppyhood, they get used to obeying the owner, because sled dogs already have a pack in which the main one is an athlete. They simply adapt to the existing hierarchy.
Norwegian mestizos are divided by the distances at which they can work. This separation is not carried out at birth, but after the year when the dog begins to work with the athlete. Based on its features, it is qualified as:
- Sprinter - a short-distance runner (up to 20 km);
- middle-distance runner (30 to 250 km);
- long-distance runner (over 250 km).
Trained Norwegian mestizos reach speeds of up to 60 km / h.
The success of the race depends on the coordination of the work of the “man-dog” team
Also, when selecting dogs, athletes look at their desire to work in harness and run. If this is not the case, a sports dog will not come out of the mestizo, no matter how much they practice (there are few such individuals among the entire population, but they quickly show themselves and are eliminated).
The content of mestizos is simple. These dogs are used to spending most of the day in the air at low temperatures. But, of course, we must provide them with the opportunity to eat and sleep in the warmth. These can be insulated enclosures.
Norwegian mestizos are practically not kept in apartments. Usually, athletes have more than one dog, and keeping them in a small area is difficult.
It is much more difficult to properly care for the dog. This can only be compared with the athlete's regime: nutrition, power distribution, especially on the day of the race, rest.
So, athletes recommend:
- Limit the number of dog walks in addition to training. If the dog splashes out its energy in games and running around empty, it will quickly fizzle out during training. When sport is the only way to throw out energy, the dog starts to run very well, even if earlier it allowed itself to be lazy.
Norwegian mestizos do not require walking, they need enough training
- Carefully monitor its nutrition, which should provide tremendous energy costs. The best solution is dry food for energetic dogs. It is very difficult to properly balance natural nutrition (and athletes have almost no time left to prepare food for dogs, so the vast majority of them use finished products). Sports dogs are fed 2 times a day, and preferably even three. Serving size is calculated based on the condition of the pet - the dog should not be depleted (information on the package is taken into account, but usually fed more).
Norwegian Métis Métis is a breed of dog bred specifically for sporting purposes. The blood of several breeds is mixed in it, which is reflected in its name. These dogs differ not only in size and strength, but also in speed and endurance.