The infernal vampire squid is a relic cephalopod, which you are unlikely to be lucky to meet during your next vacation. Creepy in appearance and in his way of life, he lives alone, without friends and neighbors.
It’s deep-sea, because it lives all its life in the tropical and temperate waters of the oceans at depths of 400-1000 m. This is a place where almost no light penetrates, and there is so little oxygen that you have to adapt to survive in such adverse conditions. For this, marine inhabitants have blue blood with a high content of copper in it. It helps to more efficiently distribute oxygen throughout the body, which is almost not dissolved in the surrounding waters. This is the only mollusk known to science that lives at such vast depths.
Detritophagus is an individual that feeds on carrion and rot. And what remains to be done when there is so little food around? You need to somehow survive and the infernal vampire catches everything that descends to him from the upper layers of water. The outgrowths-filaments are covered with sticky hairs, and when the mollusk keeps them afloat, a small detail floating on them sticks to them. Then he removes what is stuck with the help of the main tentacles, which form the cloak, and packs the garbage into the mucus. After which he swallows the resulting mucous lump.
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The squid itself can also become prey for predators, but in this case it has a protective mechanism. His whole body is covered with luminescence organs (photophores), the mollusk can amplify light, create flashes, scaring off the enemy. If the danger is too close, then the squid begins to spit bioluminescent liquid, consisting of many luminous balls. This method is used in the most extreme case, since mucus regeneration requires high energy costs.
One of a kind
The similarity of a vampire with squid and octopus does not make them relatives, it is a separate kind of vampire morph. The gelatinous body has a length of up to 30 cm and a color from red to velvet black. Color changes depending on the depth of habitat. The mollusk has eight tentacles connected by membranes, and there are suckers at the ends of the tentacles. The body is also equipped with two ear-shaped fins, which serve as a means of transportation.
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The infernal vampire has the largest eyes in relation to the body, which makes him a champion in this area. Eye color can also vary from blue to red.
Interestingly, the body density of the mollusk almost corresponds to the density of water, due to the high ammonia content. This allows you to maintain high buoyancy and mobility with a minimum of effort. An energy-saving life mode is needed to save scarce oxygen.
For its own disguise, the squid emits a bluish glow, which erodes its own contours and makes it invisible to others.
This type of animal is very little studied. Its population is small, and in case of accidental catch and raising from the depth, it quickly dies due to a sharp pressure drop.
Reproduction is rare, since a meeting on the open sea of a female and a male is unlikely. When this happens, the male implants the female with a set of spermatophores, which she can store for a long time. After fertilization, eggs hatch for about 400 days. Before the mollusks are born, the female stops eating and dies.
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Newborn individuals are 8 mm long and are an exact reduced copy of an adult.
Hero of our time
One name and appearance of a vampire squid frightens and repels, but upon closer inspection, it causes pity. This mollusk has to survive in hellish conditions of lack of food and oxygen. It does not have impressive dimensions or creepy teeth to scare off attackers. His remedy is a harmless lump of light and a body that is trying to give itself a more awesome appearance with the help of various tricks.
The study of the species occurs during random collisions of deep-sea vehicles with animals. All that can be learned at the same time is his methods of defense and defense. Let's hope that his adaptive methods are reliable enough and will help this species survive. And we can only wish him good luck and comfortable living conditions.