The German Shepherd is perhaps one of the most famous and popular dog breeds in the world. They are unpretentious in care and have a balanced character. Such dogs can become obedient companions, attentive watchmen and fearless guards. Representatives of this breed are examples of courage, courage and devotion. It is about such a dog that many have dreamed of since childhood.
The history of German Shepherds is about a hundred years old. The main contribution to the breeding of these dogs was made by Max Emil von Stefanitz, who really wanted to get a dog that could become the national symbol of Germany. After several decades, through a series of crosses, a German shepherd was born, which met all the requirements of the creator.
These dogs are quite large, but not the largest, compared with other dog breeds. Shepherd dogs have a dense coat with undercoat, well-developed chest muscles and an easily recognizable stance with an understated pelvis. Strong physique is combined with dryness and muscularity. Males are physically more developed than females.
General description of the breed German Shepherd:
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- Weight varies from 25 to 40 kg.
- Growth - from 55 to 65 cm.
- The head has a wedge-shaped shape.
- Jaws and bite are well developed, powerful.
- The nose is black.
- Colors - black with markings of different colors, pure black, black and tan.
- The undercoat is gray.
- Paws are rounded with dark claws.
- The ears are erect, medium in size.
- The neck is strong with developed muscles.
- The tail is long.
- The eyes are almond shaped.
Nature and behavior
Naturally, each dog has its own behavior , but there are general data that characterize German shepherds. We can say a lot of good things about the characteristics of the breed, since the negative features of purebred representatives are practically absent. Such a dog is truly unique.
The purpose of the life of these animals is to serve the owner. They do not like to lie idle and will gladly keep company with the owner during ordinary walks or during military service.
This breed has a calm character and a stable psyche . Shepherd dogs are completely non-aggressive towards humans or other animals, but in case of danger they will instantly react and protect the owner. Moreover, they themselves can make a decision without waiting for the appropriate team. In addition, the thoroughbred representatives of these dogs do an excellent job with the watchman. Passing them is almost impossible.
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The most basic quality of German shepherds is fearlessness. They do not hesitate to rush to the defense of the owner. Therefore, this breed is most often used for official purposes: work in the police, at customs or as an aid to a street patrol.
These dogs get along well with children, even the smallest. They make good nannies. They love to play actively, forgetting about their seriousness.
Shepherd dogs do not tolerate loneliness and boredom. It is impossible to deprive them of contact with others for a long time. And also it is worth entrusting these dogs with different things so that they do not get bored. For example, to protect the territory or things of the owner.
Care and proper feeding
Shepherd dogs can be kept even in relatively modest conditions, so they are unpretentious. Nevertheless, they should be well looked after .
First of all, care requires a wool coat. So thick coat needs to be combed out 2-3 times a week. Several times a year, animals must be trimmed. And also it is worth paying attention to the eyes and the musculoskeletal system, as in German shepherds these places are very vulnerable. Claws should be trimmed every two weeks, and teeth should be brushed daily.
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In order for the dog to grow obedient, the owner must establish his leadership. It will take patience to instill the correct behavior in the pet. The most effective incentive for education is delicious food. If the product is liked by the shepherd, then she is ready to carry out all the commands. Dogs and praise of the owner are appreciated.
These dogs require frequent, long walks that must last at least an hour and be saturated with physical activity. Therefore, shepherd dogs are not suitable for too busy people.
Food for this breed should contain the required amount of calories and vitamins. The diet may consist of dry feed and natural food. The basis of nutrition should be from meat , it is also allowed to add eggs, cereals and boiled foods. You can supplement the diet with vegetables or fruits, with the exception of citrus. You need to feed twice a day.
The German Shepherd is an excellent pet for active people. But only in the case of a serious relationship will such a dog become a true friend and companion.